Manual Clashing Waves: Memories of a Cuban Immigrant

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Effortlessly weaving parallel narratives that occur on the same stretch of the Amazon, Colombian filmmaker Ciro Guerra tracks the devastation wrought by colonialism on this once-pristine, thriving environment. In , in the region now ravaged by the rubber trade, American explorer Richard Evans Schultes searches for[…]. Fifteen-year-old Serginho has to grow up quickly: His father has left the family and his mother has a drinking problem, leaving Serginho responsible for his younger brother Mateus.

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No longer in school, Serginho must juggle a difficult home life and a job working for his[…]. Mesmerizingly beautiful, Ixcanul captures a disappearing way of life and people. When these two come together one evening, their union has tragic consequences. Now in their 80s and no longer on speaking terms, these two tango greats discuss[…]. Life takes an unexpected turn when he meets year-old Elder. This relationship begins with violence, but transforms as a surprising intimacy emerges, for which neither is prepared.

From Afar,[…]. Their attempts to have a good time at the all-inclusive resort seem forced. The place has seen better days, and being crammed into one room does not make things easier. Pepe misses his recently deceased father. But this was not always the case. Before colonial times the Kaweskar the Water People paddled the length of[…]. As he enters civilization, industrial landscapes are inhabited by animal-machines, with barrios of colorful streets and shop windows, and flashing neon advertisements[…].

They skate with their friends through the chaotic neighborhoods of Mexico City, revel in their blissful sexuality, and make a bit of cash in the illegal blood trade. A contact connects them with narcos—drug traffickers who[…]. Across Latin America, the position of nannies is a unique phenomenon, where many become dependable maternal figure to their young charges. Brazilian filmmaker Anna Muylaert scrutinizes the relationship that many families have with their domestic help and the contradictions that can emerge.

The Second Mother follows a woman who has become indispensable to her employers, damaging the relationship with her own daughter in the process. The film follows him across Peru, meeting landowners and fishermen who provide the outstanding raw materials that have been essential to[…]. Arrestingly enigmatic and eerie, Jauja marks a new direction for acclaimed Argentine auteur Lisandro Alonso. Working for the first time with a formal script and professional actors, Alonso maintains the singular visual style and languid pace that made his previous films Los muertos; Liverpool so memorable.

This poignant debut explores the vibrant locale through the stories of new immigrants and sheds light on the diverse immigrant community. Kim befriends and hires Bruno Limbert Ticona , an illegal immigrant from[…]. Best friends and street artists, Ras and Calvin scout their city for surfaces to decorate with whatever paint they can scavenge.

Inspired by news of the Arab Spring uprisings, they dream of collaborating on a[…]. Introduced by Geraldine Chaplin The Dominican Republic beach town of Samana is a popular spot for locals and expats alike. With increased tourism comes new opportunities for locals to improve themselves financially. Sand Dollars follows the lesbian romance between year-old local Noeli and the sophisticated expat Anne played with incredible nuance by Geraldine Chaplin who is absolutely smitten and possessive.

Jacobo seems hardened beyond his years, in contrast to the cheerful and optimistic Delio. Over the course of this tense action-drama, the brothers[…]. After a few years they make their living together as a team, but the relationship is put in jeopardy when a social worker tries to take the boy away. Chaplin was already famous when this film was released, and it made child actor Coogan an international celebrity.

Geraldine Leigh Chaplin[…]. Eleven-year-old Chala Armando Valdes Freire lives with his mother Sonia Yuliet Cruz , an addict who provides for the two of them by raising carrier pigeons. Introduced by director Isidora Marras Olivia Loreto Aveno is visiting her mother when gets a bizarre call from a collection agency looking for a so-called Lorena Ruiz and insisting that she pay her accumulated debt.

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When her cell phone also becomes invaded by a stranger demanding a meeting with Lorena, Olivia determines to[…]. Centering on the story of three young Guatemalans attempting to cross the U. Ana spends her days lazing by the pool, afflicted by a deep loneliness. Introduced by filmmaker Carlos Rossini Since , when a war on drugs and organized crime was declared, there have been about 60, narco-related fatalities in Mexico. Introduced by filmmaker Neto Villalobos Challo, bored by his day-to-day routine, buys a rooster, which he names Rocky, to get into cockfighting.

The two become inseparable, with Challo taking Rocky along with him everywhere, singing to him—even letting him sleep in his bed.

Luckily Challo has friends who stick by him, including a loquacious workmate and Candy, the[…]. Local townspeople have fished out the remains of victims of violence, called No Names NNs , drifting downstream. They adopted and baptized these[…]. Introduced by filmmaker Claudia Sainte-Luce When strangers Martha Lisa Owen and Claudia Ximena Ayala share a hospital room, neither could foresee the profound influence that this chance meeting would have on their lives. For poverty-stricken Haitians, the Dominican Republic is a promised land, regardless of instances of racism and challenges in finding opportunity.

Exploring the tensions between these close neighbors, Dominican filmmaker Leticia Tonos Paniagua creates a Caribbean version of the classic Romeo and Juliet tale. Janvier is determined to earn an honest living, despite the constant police harassment he faces. He gets a break working as a body guard for a local drug lord—watching his beautiful younger sister. As the two fall[…]. Teenage Lucia and her brother Federico are spending summer with their father. Divorced, Alberto wants quality time with his kids and takes them to a popular resort.

As the days pass and the rain pours down incessantly, their summer rental home seems to get smaller and smaller. Codirected by first-time feature filmmakers Ana Guevara Pose and Leticia Jorge Romera, Tanta Agua magnificently captures the claustrophobic atmosphere that a teenager experiences when forced into close quarters with her family.

Lucia moves[…]. Circumstances force her to also care for her elderly father Agustin, who shows early signs of dementia. Out of desperation, she commits an act that she soon regrets. The film centers on Hollywood-obsessed wheelbarrow carter Victor Celso Franco whose greatest wish is for a camera cell phone to make a film.

Due to the subject matter addressed in this film, there are scenes with intense content that may not be appropriate for more sensitive audience members. As Roberto immerses himself in opening his new restaurant, Ale settles in at a posh new school. Some refugees were counted on the Red Diamond alone. One craft lost power 60 miles from Key West and had to be towed to the U.

Not all vessels that arrived at Truman Annex were carrying Cubans. Canadians were held for weeks in Mariel Harbor before being allowed to leave. Refugees were processed at camps set up in the greater Miami area, generally at decommissioned missile defense sites. Other sites were established at the Orange Bowl and various churches throughout the area. Some sites were established to segregate the refugees until they could be provided with initial processing at places like the Nike—Hercules sites at Key Largo and Krome Avenue.

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Once initially processed and documented, the refugees were quickly transferred to larger compounds in the metropolitan area so they could be reunited with relatives already living in the United States as well as to allow interaction with various social-action agencies such as Catholic Charities and the American Red Cross. At these initial processing sites the undesirable elements were identified and segregated from the general population.

As the Haitian refugees started arriving, interpreters were found to be in short supply for Haitian Creole , and interpreters from the local Haitian community were put under contract through the Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA. As the end of the initial crisis period wound down and after the vetting of those refugees who could be sponsored had run its course, the decision was made to transfer the "hard to sponsor" refugees, which included those with criminal records, to longer-term processing sites at Fort Chaffee in Arkansas, Fort Indiantown Gap in Pennsylvania, and Fort McCoy in Wisconsin.

This situation changed when it was discovered that the refugees included criminals and people from Cuba's mental hospitals. The Cuban government eventually closed the Mariel harbor to would-be emigrants.

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Approximately , Cubans arrived at the United States' shores in about 1, boats, creating large waves of people that overwhelmed the U. Coast Guard. Twenty-seven migrants died, including fourteen on an overloaded boat that capsized on 17 May Upon their arrival, many Cubans were placed in refugee camps. Others were held in federal prisons pending deportation hearings.

Crowded conditions in South Florida immigration processing centers forced U. Federal civilian police agencies such as the General Services Administration's Federal Protective Service provided officers to maintain order inside the gates of the relocation centers. Riots occurred at the Fort Chaffee center and some detainees escaped, an event that became a campaign issue in the re-election defeat of Governor Bill Clinton. The majority of refugees were ordinary Cubans. Many had been allowed to leave Cuba for reasons that, in the United States, were either loyalty-neutral or protected: tens of thousands were Seventh-Day Adventists or Jehovah's Witnesses, for example.

Some had been declared "antisocialist" by their CDRs back in Cuba. In the end, only 2. Under a agreement with the Cuban government, the U.

As the scale of the boatlift grew, the Coast Guard asked for help. In May the U. Saipan and Boulder temporarily took on board hundreds of refugees in need of humanitarian assistance, medical attention, food, and fresh water. They also refueled private watercraft. The ships' officers and crew were awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal for their work. The Marines supplied interpreters and assisted with processing refugees in Key West.

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They were awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal and a Certificate of Appreciation for exemplary service. Bureau of Prisons and other federal agencies to transfer refugees for long-term detention. Army personnel who participated in this operation were awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal. About half of the Mariel immigrants decided to live in Miami permanently, which resulted in a 7 percent increase in workers in the Miami labor market and a 20 percent increase in the Cuban working population.

When observing data from to on the Miami labor market and comparing it with similar data from several other major cities across the United States, focusing on wages, the effects of the boatlift were marginal. The wages for white Americans remained steady in both Miami and comparable cities.

The wage rates for African Americans were relatively steady from to when in comparable cities it dropped. Apart from a dip in , wage rates for non-Cuban Hispanics were stable, while in comparable cities it fell approximately 6 percent. There is no evidence of a negative effect on wage rates for other groups of Hispanics in Miami. Wages for Cubans demonstrated a steady decline especially compared with other groups in Miami at the time.

This can be attributed exclusively to the "dilution" of the group with the new, less-experienced, and lower-earning Mariel immigrants, meaning that there is also no evidence of a negative effect on wage rates for Cubans living in Miami prior to In Harvard economist George J. Borjas revisited David Card's analysis in light of new insights into immigration effects since He used the same current population survey CPS data.

However, he focused only on workers who were. The last characteristic was especially important, because 60 percent of Marielitos did not complete high school. And even many of the remaining 40 percent who did complete high school were looking for unskilled jobs, thanks to their lack of linguistic and other skills.

So Marielitos competed directly with high-school dropouts. Borjas next compared the inflation-adjusted wages of Miami residents who had these characteristics with wages of the same segment of the American population in all other American metropolitan areas except Miami. His analysis shows that the Miami wages for native-born men without high-school diplomas were much lower than the wages for similar workers in other U.

During the s, wages in Miami were fully 20 percent lower than they were elsewhere, a very substantial effect. According to economists Michael Clemens and Jennifer Hunt , conflicting results can be explained by the changes in the subsample composition of the CPS data. Exactly in , the share of non-Hispanic blacks doubles in the subgroup of Miami male prime working-age high-school dropouts studied by Borjas. No similar increases occurred in the subgroups of populations in the control cities identified by either Card or Borjas. Since there was large and significant difference between wages of black and nonblack high-school dropouts, the changing composition of the CSP subgroups created a spurious decline in the wages of the native population.

According to Clemens and Hunt, this compositional effect accounts for the entire impact of the Mariel boatlift on the wages of native workers estimated by Borjas. The boatlift has been the subject of a number of works of art, media, and entertainment. Examples include. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mariel boatlift Cuban refugees arriving in crowded boats during the Mariel boatlift crisis.

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