To every soldier a part. So, how many soldiers were there? Obviously, four soldiers, and also His coat. So, the coat was left over. Every soldier was given a part of His garment. How many pieces were there to His garment then? There were four pieces to His garment plus the coat. They gave a piece of the garment to every soldier. There were four soldiers. Each of them received a piece of the garment and the coat was left over. We know that the way men dressed in the days of the New Testament there were, in fact, four pieces to the garment that they would be wearing, including their under garments and their outer garments.
So, the garments of our Lord were taken and divided among the soldiers. First of all, it was divided into four parts because there were four parts to the garment. Every soldier was given a part and the coat was left over. Then, we go on and read,. Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. That, you see, is a prophecy from the Old Testament, Psalm What I want to suggest to you is this that in the prophecy of Psalm 22, there is the understanding of God as to how many pieces there would be in the garments the Lord would be wearing the day He is crucified.
There is even an understanding of how many soldiers there would be at the foot of the cross the day He is crucified. Is not that remarkable? You see what would have happened if there had been five soldiers who were responsible for the immediate crucifixion? That prophecy would never have been fulfilled.
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What would ever have happened if the Lord had only been wearing three pieces to His garment besides His coat? Well then there would be the three pieces to the garment and the coat making the fourth and that would have been divided among the four soldiers. So, the prophecy of Psalm 22 is an amazing prophecy, anticipating how many pieces of clothing our Lord would be wearing and how many soldiers would be responsible for the crucifixion at the foot of the cross. Now, as you come across a verse like this you would say how could that ever be known in the Old Testament.
How could that ever be contained a way back there a thousand years before Christ as born. That is one of literally hundreds of prophecies that I could draw to your attention this afternoon and you know many others.
So, the fulfillment of prophecy is one of the evidences that supports the Bible claim that is a revelation from God. It was prophesied that He would be born of a virgin. It was prophesied that He would be born of the tribe of Judea, of the family of David, that He would be born in Bethlehem, and the list is just beyond exposing. Tremendous, the various prophecies are. So, as one is confronted with the prophecies, his response is, how could that ever be known if it were not given by revelation from God? It is remarkable that the Bible puts upon itself a test and the test it puts is the fulfillment of prophecy, as seen in Deuteronomy No other of the religious books puts on itself any test, let alone the test of the fulfillment of prophecy.
The second evidence that supports it is the unity of the Bible. There is an amazing unity. The unity can be traced in regard to the plan of salvation. It can be traced in regard to the person of our Lord Jesus. The unity of the Bible testifies to the single authorship who was revealing what is being recorded. Then, the third is the historical and scientific accuracy of the Bible.
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That also is an indication that it is a revelation from God. That, in fact, the life of the flesh was in the blood. The whole life principle of the flesh related to the blood. So, hundreds of years after this was written in Leviticus 17 it has become part of medical science. The same thing could be said for many historical incidents. There are three evidences, students, have you got those three? I want you to memorize those three.
The Bible claims to be a direct revelation from God. How do I know? All right, now you know. Now, what is it that demonstrates that it is a revelation? What are the evidences that support that? There are these three that are so important: the fulfillment of prophecy, the unity of the Bible and the accuracy of the Bible in historical events and in scientific events. Now, let us come to the second step of the historical process. We are not going to be able to exhaust this, but we just want to be familiar with it. After the truth of God was revealed to the mind of the author, the next step is from the mind of the human author to writing it down on a piece of paper.
It was written down in the original Hebrew for the Old Testament or the original Greek for the New Testament manuscripts. That gap from the mind of the author to writing it down on the paper is bridged by the doctrine of inspiration. We want to look at inspiration, then, for just a moment. It is inspiration that takes us from the mind of Paul to the original writing of that first epistle to the Corinthians. First of all, a definition of inspiration. This, I believe, is Dr.
When we are speaking of inspiration theologically, we are speaking of God superintending Paul in such a way that as he wrote that first letter in the original manuscript he was being superintended by God, by the Holy Spirit. Thus what he wrote was correct, accurate. It was an accurate record of what God had revealed to his mind. It is what is written then that is inspired. It is not the man, although oftentimes we refer to that. We say the inspired apostle. That I do not think is exactly correct. It is what he wrote that was inspired.
God superintended him so that what he wrote was an accurate composition record of what he had revealed to the mind of the author. Now, let us note secondly some evidences of inspiration. There are really two categories of evidence for this inspiration. First of all there is specific evidence and then there is some general evidence. I want to look at the specific evidence and ask you to turn to a couple of verses, the two major verses.
First of all, II Timothy 3.
The specific evidence involves direct or indirect statements in the Bible. In II Timothy you get the testimony of Paul. He says in verse 16,. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. There is our word in verse Is not that very graphic? All scripture is God breathed. The second verse that I want you to note is in II Peter. Let us turn to II Peter 1. Now, these are the verses, students, that you ought to memorize.
If you can memorize the verses, that is fine, but you surely ought to know the references because these are the key verses in all the Bible on the subjects we are talking about. II Peter 1. In the last two verses, we read,. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. Now, although there is some debate as to the significance of that phrase, generally, I think, it is understood to suggest that it did not originate with the man.
No scripture, no prophecy of the scripture is of private interpretation. That is, it did not originate with the man. For, he says,. For the prophecy came not in the old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. So, here again, is an evidence in the Bible that as the holy men of God in the Old Testament wrote what God had revealed to their minds.
They wrote it being moved, being really carried along by the Holy Spirit. It is the same word that is used in Acts 27 for the sailboat that the apostle Paul journeyed in as he crossed the Mediterranean. It was carried along by the wind. That is what these men were in the Old Testament as they wrote. The Holy Spirit carried them along.
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They were borne along by the Holy Spirit. So, Peter, again, is indicating to us that what they recorded was a result of the superintending work of God, the Holy Spirit. That is the testimony of Peter and of Paul. The testimony of our Lord is in Matthew and we have already looked at that verse where He says that not one jot the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet , nor one tittle the smallest little mark that distinguishes Hebrew letters —not one of those—shall ever pass until it is all fulfilled.
Heaven and earth will not pass until all of it is accurately fulfilled.
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So, our Lord surely is indicating then that when David wrote, when Moses wrote, when Solomon wrote, they were writing under the influence of the Holy Spirit because every single thing they wrote, down to the smallest letter, was accurate and was going to be fulfilled. Those are the three men, the three testimonies, that are worthy of our consideration. Now, the general evidence in support of the inspiration of the Bible comes from several sources.
First of all, there is the testimony of history. We will not take time to read any, but there are many men we could bring to the fore who have testified to the remarkable uniqueness of the Bible. I have an amazing quotation from Josephus who speaks of the Jews attitude toward their own testimony. The recognized it as the Word of God.
There is the testimony of history. Secondly, there is the testimony of influence. Its influence upon men and women has been remarkable.
Ironside was once preaching on a street corner and an atheist passed by and challenged him to a debate. Ironside said yes under one or two conditions. One of the conditions he said is that if you will bring with you one person who will testify that his life has been changed and enriched and greatly blessed by your atheistic teaching, I will bring a hundred people with me who will testify how their lives have been greatly enriched and blessed through my teaching of the Word of God. The debate never materialized. You see, the fact is that the influence of the Bible in enriching lives and in blessing lives is one of the great evidences that it is the Word of God.
It is an indication that it is from the Lord. Then, the third comes from the testimony of its preservation. It has been preserved remarkably. Again, we do not have time to go into all the illustrations. One out of every 20 books lasts for seven years. How many books last for years? Very, very few and the Bible has lasted for 2, years in its completion and from its inception for 3, years.
The preservation of the Bible is very remarkable. That, of course, is all the more so when we think of all the attacks against the Bible. When Voltaire was writing, he said that in his estimation in a hundred years the Bible would no longer used. On the th anniversary of Voltaire writing that, the British and Foreign Bible Society purchased his home in France and put up a printing press in that home to print the Bible. The Bible has been preserved against all the attacks of the skeptics and the critics. So, what I have given you now, students, is six lines of argument that you can use as evidences in defense of the fact that the Bible is the revealed Word of God and the inspired Word of God.
There are six lines of evidence.
We started off, in relation to revelation, with fulfilled prophecy , and then the unity of the Bible. Remember how we were talking about how amazingly unified it is and then noted the accuracy of the Bible in scientific and historical areas? I am just going to mention in closing that the extent of inspiration is to its very words: We believe in the verbal inspiration of the Bible. It is the inspired Word of God to its very words. I think that Matthew indicate that. It is to the smallest letter that it is given by God.
So, even the very letters of the Bible are under the superintending work of the Holy Spirit, says our Lord Jesus. So, we believe in the verbal inspiration of the Bible. We believe in the plenary inspiration of the Bible, which means that all the Bible is inspired and it is a full revelation of what God intends for us to have at this time.
II Timothy says that all scripture is God-breathed. So, we believe in the verbal its words and the plenary all of it inspiration of the Bible. What we have done this afternoon is that we have moved from a thought in the mind of God to a thought in the mind of the human author which the author wrote down on pages. That has taken us through the doctrine of revelation and inspiration. The implications of those two doctrines are these: what was written down was inerrant. It was without error and that is, obviously, the implication if God revealed it and superintended its writing.
It is without error. The second implication is that it is authoritative.
It is an authoritative book. If God revealed it and God superintended its writing, then it is authoritative in our lives. We are going to look at both of those implications in our lesson on Thursday when we talk about contemporary problems in relation to the Bible, because both the inerrancy and the authority of the Bible are widely challenged today.
Questions About the Old Testament Law. Is it okay to involve an unbeliever in church ministry? What Denomination Does Bible. Psalms Of Kindness. Prayer Our Father, we are thankful now that Thou in Thy grace have given to us a written revelation from Thyself. Introduction Our series for the entire week is related to the Christian in the 20 th century. Historical Process 1. Thought in the mind of God 2. Thought in the mind of human authors 3. Thought in our minds 8. Action in our lives 9. Communication what has been learned to others 1. From the Mind of God: Revelation Revelation, what is it?
It says, For this cause I, Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, if ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God, which is given me to you-ward: how that [ and there is our word ] by revelation, [ by revelation! He says, as I wrote afore in few words, whereby when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ [ Now, here it is. He has given to us a revelation of himself.
He has given to us a revelation of the origins of men. He has given to us a revelation of our responsibility to God. He has given to us a revelation of the destiny of man and his universe. That is the central contention of Christianity. Revelation, General and Special That brings us to the third item that we want to mention. Revelation, Claims to be Divine Now, from here on then, in our course, we are going to be talking about special revelation. Our Lord is the speaker, and He says, Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy but to fulfill.
Revelation, Evidences of Divine Origin All right, so those are your three ways of indicating that the Bible claims to be a revelation from God. John says, Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: John a How many parts? Then, we go on and read, Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. Writing it down: Inspiration Inspiration, what is it? Inspiration, Three Specific Internal Evidences Now, let us note secondly some evidences of inspiration.
He says in verse 16, All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. Al-Qasas, This inspiration, which came to the mother of Prophet Moses, consoles and leads her to act in a certain way. At the same time it bears two pieces of good news that concern the future. These two pieces of good news are that Moses will be returned to her mother and that little Moses will be a prophet in future.
Though it is unknown to us how the inspiration came to Prophet Moses mother, it can be that it was sent via dream or by way of an angel, as is the case with Virgin Mary. It is a mistake to see such an experience of inspiration as peculiar to the mother of Prophet Moses. There are many people who receive such inspirations in similar cases. Such inspirations bear the qualities of consoling, directing, and informing about the future, as in the case of Prophet Moses mother.
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