They are not of Noah or the Old Testament. A typical example of Talmudic nonsense about Biblical patriarchs concerns King Solomon and the sacred Temple. Who could believe such rubbish about King Solomon and God's Temple except the self-deluding denizens of the synagogue? The Babylonian Talmud teaches that "hobgoblins" mischievous devils helped to build the Temple, and that King Solomon was succeeded as King of Israel not by Rehoboam as the Bible says, but by Ashmodeus, the king of the demons, as the Talmud says.
The sages inform us that "everyone helped in the construction of this Temple - even the spirits, the hobgoblins, the angels" Shir Hashirim Rabba Thereafter, although he Solomon is successful politically and militarily, his inner world begins to crumble till finally he is "replaced" by Ashmodeus, King of the underworld spirits Talmud, Gittin 68b. Judaism is an anti-Biblical religion which defames and degrades the Holy Name of God by the loathsome practices it falsely ascribes to Him. How can anyone say they oppose the molestation of children and permit the ritual molestation of Judaic babies as one of the first experiences of their lives?
It is the act of sucking the blood from the circumcised penis of the infant child by direct oral contact. In the 19th century it was syphilis and in the 20th century there were cases of tuberculosis and diphtheria; there have certainly been other fatal illnesses transmitted as well. For further information, cf. Judaism Discovered , pp.
Babylonian Talmud: BT Sanhedrin 57a. Today, the seed of Amalek has been lost; however, if it becomes clear that a certain person is an Amalekite, following in their ways, it would be a mitzvah blessed deed to kill him see, Kol Mevaser The settlers receive financial and other types of support from "Christian-Zionists" in America.
Christians are idolaters:. Rabbi Melamed has written: " As we learned from the words of the Rambam Moses Maimonides, Laws of Kings : "Jesus the Christian, who thought he was the Messiah… was the subject of a prophesy in the Book of Daniel : "…also the renegades of your people will exalt themselves to fulfill the vision — but they will stumble. For all the prophets spoke of the Messiah who will redeem and save Israel, who will ingather all its exiles, and who will strengthen them in the fulfillment of the Torah's commandments — while he [Jesus] caused Israel to be killed by the sword, their remnants to be dispersed and humiliated, the Torah to be switched for something else, and most of the world to worship a god other than the God of Israel!
From the Talmud, BT Shabbat 15c also cf. Baba Metzia 33A , comes the three levels of study, ranked from lowest to highest:. The Bible says that King Solomon was replaced by his son, Rehoboam [1 Kings ], not a mythological king of demons. No Biblical Basis for a Bar Mitzvah: The bar mitzvah for boys " bat " mitzvah for girls is never mentioned anywhere in the Word of God, and neither Abraham, Isaac or Jacob ceremonialized or celebrated becoming bar mitzvah.
The supreme law of Judaism is sourced in the Babylonian Talmud and it is in the Talmud where the age of maturation for boys and girls is stated. It talks about when a man matures, when a woman matures. And it comes to the conclusion that [the ages are] 13 for a boy and 12 for a girl…. And it is discussed in detail. Higer, , , p. The Shulchan Aruch declares that it is forbidden to hear a woman sing and this is how all of the later poskim judges of the law ruled cf.
Gentiles are not to be trusted: " No need to be fair to gentiles: "The laws of fairness mentioned above only apply between two Jewish neighbors. Gentiles do not necessarily respect these principles and, hence, there is no obligation to show them such consideration in return.
And the herald went out before him for 40 days and proclaimed, Jesus of Nazareth is going to be stoned because he practiced sorcery, incited and led Israel astray. Whoever knows of an argument that may be proposed in his favor should come and present that argument on his behalf. But the judges did not find an argument in his favor, so they hanged him on Passover Eve Did Jesus of Nazareth deserve that a search be made for an argument in his favor?
Surely he incited others to idol worship. Jesus shares his place in the Netherworld hell with Titus and Balaam, the notorious arch enemies of the Jewish people. Teshuvos Pri ha-Sadeh Igros Moshe, Y. All of the inhabitants of the world are compelled to accept the Noachide laws. If any non-Jew does not accept these laws he should be killed. In the year this killing may occur in Palestine, where the Israelis are supreme. In Europe and America Judaic executions of those who worship Jesus Christ as God, or refuse to submit to the Noachide laws, cannot take place at this time.
As told in the Talmud: "… in ancient times when the Torah was forgotten from Israel, Ezra came up from Babylon and established it. Yet again was [some of] it forgotten, and R. Hiyya and his sons came up and established it. Instead of re-establishing the Hebrew royal line, the Jews settled into local rule by the "Great Assembly" in Greek, Sanhedrin to codify and administer the law of the land.
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The Sanhedrin was headed by the hereditary High Priest of each generation sometimes called "Prince". Judea was both a state religion and a religious state — a theocracy. It was during this period, according to Chief Rabbi Dr. Hertz, that many of the local customs were incorporated into the religious canon, later to be ascribed to Moses or justified through exegesis by Mosaic Law.
Rome grew weary of the Jewish problem, so the army of the Roman general, Titus, destroyed Jerusalem completely in 70 A. The Romans stripped the Second Temple of its immense wealth and leveled the entire city, along with many others in the region. They killed many of the rebels, took many slaves, and drove many into other lands. Bar Kochba rebellion in Betar. Hostilities with Rome continued until the Bar Kochba rebellion in A. Shimon Bar Kochba rode the "Messiah" prophesy to the position of warlord and commander in fortified Betar.
However, a falling-out among the rabbis including the famed Talmud Sage, Rabbi Akiba divided the force, and the Jews were defeated by the Romans. Now, we continue.
Six sources of Oral Law are mentioned in rabbinical writing:. In the Soncino Edition, italicized text is used to indicate quotes from Biblical scripture. In a footnote that follows the scriptural quote Maurice Simon, translator, cites Exodus The King James Version of this verse reads:.
This writer consulted other popular translations of the Bible. All translations of Exodus were similar to the King James Version. See footnote 12 for the results of this research. No Christian Bible translations matched the words quoted in the Soncino Talmud. As explained by the Soncino editor, Rabbi Dr. Isidore Epstein, in his introductions to the six Seders:. Now let's turn to another Talmud tractate, the Aboth. In the Introduction, translator J. Israelstam writes about Tractate Aboth:.
Fortunately, the details of Moses' trip to Mt. Sinai have been preserved in the Talmud. The story runs thus:. Moses then gives the angels a piece of his mind, asking them: Did they go down to Egypt to be enslaved by the Pharaoh? Do they dwell among people who engage in idol worship?
Do they have a wearying workweek from which they need a day of rest? Do they have business dealings that tempt them to take the Lord's name in vain? The passage begins as follows:. This colorful account is lengthy but well worth reading. We have included it for the reader's edification in the Appendix. The following explanation is offered by Aish HaTorah, an organization dedicated to educating Jews about Judaism. The Oral Torah is not an interpretation of the Written Torah. In fact, the Oral Torah preceded the Written Torah. When the Jewish people stood at Mount Sinai 3, years ago, God communicated the commandments, along with a detailed, practical explanation of how to fulfill them.
At that point in time, the teachings were entirely oral. It wasn't until 40 years later, just prior to Moses' death and the Jewish people's entering the Land of Israel, that Moses wrote the scroll of the written Torah known as the Five Books of Moses and gave it to the Jewish people. The commandments cited above are listed on the Aish HaTorah page, " Commandments.
The emphases do not appear in the original. The Talmud passage Berakoth 5a cited above reads as follows:. Berakoth page 16 footnote 6 in the Soncino text cites Exodus However, that text reads as follows:. Exodus , KJV. Once again, we are reminded of the words of Rabbi Dr. Epstein, editor of the Soncino Talmud: "… the Talmud has its own method of exegesis and its own way of understanding Biblical verses which it cites. Rabbi Michael Rodkinson tells us Oral Law is a collection of traditional law to which Biblical verses were coupled by ingenious association.
The term "Mishnah" is used to denote the Oral Law found in the Talmud. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia says of Mishnah:. Because of their critical importance, Mishnayoth plural form of Mishnah are clearly distinguished from other text in the Talmud. In the Soncino Talmud, the Mishnayoth appears in capitalized letters. To appreciate the relationship between the terms we have been studying, it is necessary to step back into history.
Many Jews were deported to Babylon. The Babylonian Captivity is said to have lasted 70 years. The Second Temple was built. Many Jews returned, but many stayed in Babylon. For at least the next 2, years, Babylon remained a center for Judaic lore and Judaic learning hence the term, "Babylonian Talmud. After the end of the Babylonian Captivity and during the period of the Second Temple, the Jews lived under a theocracy ruled by priests rather than kings.
At the time of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, the courts of the Sanhedrin governed the Jews, under Roman auspices. In about 70 A. Rome destroyed Jerusalem and the Second Temple.
Jesus in the Talmud
By that time rabbinical schools existed in many parts of the known world. It is against this backdrop of history that the Talmud developed. At this point in history, there appeared amongst the Jews, Ezra the Scribe, a man so important in Judaism that rabbis compare him to Moses. Experts disagree on the date Ezra left Babylon.
The Bible Timeline shows this entry:. Given that The Bible Timeline is a Christian reference with almost half the content devoted to New Testament events, use of the term "Jewish Torah" in the quote above sparks a question: If the author is referring to the Old Testament or the Pentateuch, why does he use the term "Jewish Torah? Since The Bible Timeline does not specify which "Torah" Ezra brought with him, and since that Torah had been "codified," we are left with the clear impression that Ezra's "Torah" may have been Oral Law.
However, The Jewish Encyclopedia states that Ezra reestablished the text of the Pentateuch , introduced Assyrian script, and questioned some words in the text. The "Torah" had been forgotten during the Babylonian Captivity, according to this passage from the Tractate Sukkah of the Talmud:. Is it possible that the "Torah" that was lost from Israel and brought back by Ezra was really the Old Testament? This passage from the Catholic Encyclopedia states that according to Jewish traditions, Ezra reconstructed the Old Testament from memory.
In the following, "Esdra" is another transliteration of "Ezra. Other passages in the Talmud state that Ezra put the "Torah" into Ashshurith script and the Aramaic language. In the following passages, the Sages go on to argue about the issue. Please visit and read the text. Whatever the truth of the various claims, it seems that at one point the entire Old Testament may have been in Ezra's hands. Ezra sought to preserve the distinctive nature of the Jewish experience. He lamented the affinity many Jews felt towards non-Jews and set about to correct the situation.
He urged radical religious reform, and ordered Jews married to non-Jews to put aside their wives and families. Unless this viewpoint is thoroughly grasped, Rev. Cohen says, it is not possible to understand rabbinical exegesis. Cohen seems to be suggesting, then, that Oral Law was deliberately developed for the specific political purpose of making Jewish religion idiosyncratic to the degree that the Jewish identity and body politic would be forever preserved.
Let us now return to Rabbi Dr. He points out that not all Jews accepted Oral Law. There is disagreement among rabbinical scholars about the parts played by the various Sages in organizing the Talmud. Let us first visit with Rabbi Dr. Notice that Rabbi Dr. Hertz attributes Hillel with popularizing the rules for exegesis. Rabbi Dr. Hertz agrees. After Hillel divided the legal traditions into orders, Akiba researched Scripture and assigned a Biblical foundation to them. The Talmud text itself highlights some of the problems with Akiba's results. In a discussion of hypothetical cases concerning the complex regulations for reassigning a childless bride to one of the groom's brothers upon the death of the groom, the commentary ends with the statement:.
The translator, Rev. Israel W. Slotki, M. Further comment on Akiba's skill is offered in the Mishnah of Tractate Hagigah 10a. The Sages say of the exegesis: "The laws concerning the dissolution of vows hover in the air and have nought to rest on.
Bijbelinfo - Intro to the Talmud
The translator, Rabbi Prof. Abrahams, amplifies the text with these footnotes detailed supporting cites omitted for brevity and clarity :. Questions for Rabbi Akiba Why did God give some of His laws in writing, but give others orally, forbidding Moses to write them down? If God gave the Oral Law to Moses, why would Rabbi Akiba have to find "justifications" for it, more than a thousand years later? In A. Hertz says of Judah the Prince:.
In the following, the word Talmud is used to denote the Gemara alone, rather than the composite work containing the Mishnah and the Gemara. Hertz mentions two rabbis who organized the Talmud Gemara :. A parenthetical remark is in order: Given the numbers of codification attempts, rabbinical experts disagree about the current organizational status of the Talmud.
Jacob Neusner is at one end of the spectrum. In this excerpt, he characterizes his opponents' opinion of the Talmud and contrasts it with his own:. According to his biographical sketch, Rabbi Dr. Jacob Neusner has published more than books and has been awarded nine honorary degrees. So then, the Mishnah of the Talmud was put into writing either during the lifetime of Judah the Prince A. In discussions of the Talmud, Halachah is often contrasted with Haggadah or Aggadah. The Glossary of the Soncino Talmud defines haggadah "aggadah" as:.
However, a footnote by Talmud scholar and translator Rabbi Dr.
Freedman tangles the subject somewhat, just when we thought we had it straightened out. Here, in a footnote to Sanhedrin 57b, he states as follows:. The distinction between Halachah and Haggadah is not apparent in the text of the Gemara, except by content. Some disputes about the Talmud hinge upon the distinction between binding Judaic law halachah and homiletic stories haggadah that may be safely ignored apart from the abstract moral lessons they are intended to convey. Here is an example of Gemara that contains halachah. The term "sons of Noah" refers to non-Jews.
The folktales, moral maxims, popular proverbs, etc. They have been passed on to us through thousands of years. Hertz quotes the poet Heine:. Here are some wonderfully idiosyncratic and captivating homilies uttered by the Talmud Sages. In a very intimate way, they reveal the woof and warp of the culture, the soul, and the mindset of the Princes of Pharisaic Judaism.
Thank you for your consideration of the above, Carol A. The Jewish Encyclopedia terms this story a "legend," and it is not held as an article of faith by all branches of Judaism. Joshua b. Levi also said: When Moses ascended on high, the ministering angels spake before the Holy One, blessed be He, 'Sovereign of the Universe!
What business has one born of woman amongst us? Said they to Him, 'That secret treasure, which has been hidden by Thee for nine hundred and seventy-four generations before the world was created. Subscribe via email Enter your email address: Delivered by FeedBurner Note: You will be required to verify your subscription.
Watch your email for the response. En l'an The Future of the Past. Open Philology Project digitized books Loading Search This Blog. I moved it to its own space here beginning in The primary focus of the project is notice and comment on open access material relating to the ancient world, but I will also include other kinds of networked information as it comes available. AWOL is the successor to Abzu , a guide to networked open access data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East and the Ancient Mediterranean world, founded at the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago in