Henry IV proved to be a man of vision and courage.
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As king, he adopted policies and undertook projects to improve the lives of all subjects, which made him one of the country's most popular rulers ever. Henry is said to have originated the oft-repeated phrase " a chicken in every pot ". If God keeps me, I will make sure that no peasant in my realm will lack the means to have a chicken in the pot on Sunday!
This statement epitomises the peace and relative prosperity which Henry brought to France after decades of religious war, and demonstrates how well he understood the plight of the French worker and peasant farmer. This real concern for the living conditions of the "lowly" population—who in the final analysis provided the economic basis for the power of the king and the great nobles—was perhaps without parallel among the kings of France.
Following his death Henry would be remembered fondly by most of the population. He was also a great philanderer , fathering many children by a number of mistresses. Henry was nicknamed "the Great" Henri le Grand , and in France is also called le bon roi Henri "the good king Henry" or le vert galant "The Green Gallant", for his numerous mistresses.
Henry's coach was stopped by traffic congestion related to the Queen's coronation ceremony, as depicted in the engraving by Gaspar Bouttats. Henry was buried at the Saint Denis Basilica. The reign of Henry IV was long remembered by the French people. A statue was erected in his honour at the Pont Neuf in , four years after his death.
When the Revolution radicalized its positions and came to altogether reject Monarchy, Henry IV's statue was torn down along with other royal monuments — but it was the first to be rebuilt, in , and it stands today on the Pont Neuf. In addition, when Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily a descendant of his gave birth to a male heir to the throne of France seven months after the assassination of her husband Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry , by a Republican fanatic, the boy was conspicuously named Henri in reference to his forefather Henry IV.
Henry IV's popularity continued when the first edition of his biography, Histoire du Roy Henry le Grand , was published in Amsterdam in An English edition was published at London in Patrilineal descent governs membership and succession in many royal and noble houses. Henry was a scion of the House of Bourbon , which was a branch of the Capetian dynasty , which sprang from the Robertians. Louis was the direct descendant of Hugh Capet , who became King of France in and made the crown hereditary. It is one of the oldest royal patrilines in Europe. Historians have been making the assertion that Henry IV was a convinced Calvinist , only changing his formal religious allegiance to adjust, suit or achieve his political goals.
In , after the massacre of French Calvinists, he was forced by Catherine de' Medici and other powerful Roman Catholic royalty to convert.
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In , as he managed to escape from Paris, he abjured Roman Catholicism and returned to Calvinism. In , in order to become King of France rather than by his own beliefs, he converted again to Roman Catholicism. Although a formal Roman Catholic, he valued his Calvinist upbringing and was tolerant toward the Huguenots until his death in , and issued the Edict of Nantes which granted many concessions to them. None ; not baptized yet Roman Catholic ; at baptism  Reformed ; raised Calvinist  Roman Catholic ; forced conversion to Roman Catholicism  Reformed ; returned to Calvinism  Roman Catholic ; converted to Roman Catholicism for coronation  .
On 18 August , Henry married his second cousin Margaret of Valois ; their childless marriage was annulled in His subsequent marriage to Marie de' Medici on 17 December produced six children:.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Henry IV disambiguation. For other uses, see Henry of Navarre disambiguation. For the film, see Henri 4 film. Basilica of St Denis , Paris, France. Margaret of Valois m. Further information: France-Asia relations. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Henry IV of France's succession. Ancestors of Henry IV of France  [ full citation needed ] Isabelle de Beauvau 4. Marie of Luxembourg Margaret of Savoy 2. Antoine of Navarre Marie of Armagnac 5.
Margaret of Lorraine Yolande of Anjou 1. Henry IV of France Alain I, Lord of Albret John III of Navarre Henry II of Navarre Gaston, Prince of Viana Catherine of Navarre Madeleine of Valois 3. Jeanne III of Navarre Marguerite de Rohan 7. Philip II, Duke of Savoy Louise of Savoy Marguerite of Bourbon. Canada's History. Knopf:New York, , p. Henry Kamen, Routledge, , p. Dupuy , Curt Johnson and David L. Knecht, Catherine de' Medici , Longman, , p. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 19 August Civil Wars and Monarchy in France , p.
Guizot — A Popular History of France Sessions, tr. The Cambridge Illustrated History of France 1st ed. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 19 December Divided by Faith. Harvey 15 September Muslims in Spain, to Book 1 , Donald F. Lach pp. The Cambridge History of the British Empire, volume 2. Asia in the Making of Europe. Paris: Gallimard , p. The Murder of le roi Henri , History Today. May issue. Written originally in French And made English by J. John Dauncey; p. Baumgartner, Frederic J. France in the Sixteenth Century.
London: Macmillan. Briggs, Robin Early Modern France, — Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bryson, David M. Buisseret, David Henry IV, King of France. New York: Routledge. Cameron, Keith, ed. Exeter: University of Exeter. Finley-Croswhite, S. Annette Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Frieda, Leonie Catherine de Medici. London: Phoenix. Greengrass, Mark London: Longman. Holt, Mack P. The French Wars of Religion, — Lee, Maurice J.
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Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Lloyd, Howell A. The State, France, and the Sixteenth Century. London: George Allen and Unwin. Lockyer, Roger Habsburg and Bourbon Europe, — Harlow, UK: Longman. Love, Ronald S. Major, J. Russell Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Mousnier, Roland Translated by Joan Spencer.
Pettegree, Andrew Europe in the Sixteenth Century. Oxford: Blackwell. Pitts, Vincent J. Salmon, J. Society in Crisis: France in the Sixteenth Century. London: Ernest Benn. Sutherland, N. The Massacre of St. Bartholomew and the European Conflict, — The Huguenot Struggle for Recognition. New Haven: Yale University Press. Princes, Politics and Religion, — The location of France in Europe and its tumultuo… More.
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