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Ingle, Captain Richard Ingle The Maryland "Pirate and Rebel," , 1e
Follow us. Local settlers regarded him as a pirate. He put two Jesuit priests to chains and transported them back to England. Though most of his men were granted amnesty , Richard Ingle according to some sources was specifically exempted from being released, made an example of and executed as a pirate in It was passed on April 21, , by the assembly of the Maryland colony, in St.
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Mary's City. It was the second law requiring religious tolerance in the British North American colonies and created one of the pioneer statutes passed by the legislative body of an organized colonial government to guarantee any degree of religious liberty. Specifically, the bill, now usually referred to as the Toleration Act, granted freedom of conscience to all Christians.
Historians argue that it helped inspire later legal protections for freedom of religion in the United States. The Calvert family, who founded Maryland partly as a refuge for English Catholics, sought enactment of the law to protect Catholic settlers and those of other religions that did not conform to the dominant Anglicanism of Britain and her colonies. Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore , was an English nobleman who was the first Proprietor of the Province of Maryland, ninth Proprietary Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and second of the colony of Province of Avalon to its southeast.
He received the proprietorship after the death of his father, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore,, for whom it had been intended. As an English Roman Catholic, he continued the legacy of his father by promoting religious tolerance in the colony. These colonies would become the historical core of what would become the Southern United States, or "Dixie". The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from until , when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.
Its first settlement and capital was St. Mary's City, in the southern end of St. Mary's County, which is a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay and is also bordered by four tidal rivers. Claiborne became a wealthy planter, a trader, and a major figure in the politics of the colonies. He was a central figure in the disputes between the colonists of Virginia and the later settling of Maryland, partly because of his earlier trading post on Kent Island in the mid-way of the Chesapeake Bay, which provoked the first naval military battles in North American waters.
Claiborne repeatedly attempted and failed to regain Kent Island from the Maryland Calverts, sometimes by force of arms, after its inclusion in the lands that were granted by a Royal Charter to the Calvert family to Sir George Calvert, first Baron and Lord Baltimore,, by the reigning King of England, Charles I,, thus becoming Maryland territory. Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore , inherited the colony of Maryland in upon the death of his father, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, — He had been his father's Deputy Governor since when he arrived in the colony at the age of However, Charles left Maryland for England in and would never return.
The events following the Glorious Revolution in England in would cost Calvert his title to Maryland; in the royal charter to the colony was withdrawn, leading to direct rule by the British Crown.
Calvert's political problems were largely caused by his Roman Catholic faith which was at odds with the established Church of England. Calvert married four times, outliving three wives, and had at least two children.
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- Catalog Record: Captain Richard Ingle, the Maryland "pirate | HathiTrust Digital Library.
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