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Your points will be added to your account once your order is shipped. Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! This book covers almost all important aspects of steels from physical metallurgy, steel grades, processing and fabrication, simulation, to properties and applications. The book is intended for researchers and postgraduate students in the field of steels, metallurgy and materials science.

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Advanced steels : the recent scenario in steel science and technology

My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. The focus is to achieve global competitiveness not only in terms of cost, quality, and product-mix but also in terms of global benchmarks of efficiency and productivity. The Policy aims to achieve over million metric tonnes of steel per year by from the level of 38 mt. This implies an annual growth of around 7. The strategic goal above is justified because steel consumption in the world, around million metric tonnes in , is expected to grow at 3.

Advanced Steels

China will continue to have a dominant share of the demand for world steel. Domestically, the growth rate of steel production over the past fifteen years was 7. The projected rate of 7. Subsequent steel policies have been drafted each year. The problems identified in this sector include:. The aim of the draft NSP is to develop a self-sufficient steel industry that is globally competitive. This has been proposed in order to tap cheap imported raw materials such as coking coal and export the output without incurring huge cost burden.

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The policy has also proposed the idea of gas-based steel plants and use of electric furnaces in order to bring down the use of coking coal in blast furnaces. The policy targets to achieve production of million tonnes by The steel industry in India was delicensed and decontrolled in the years and respectively. Production for sale of Pig Iron in was 9. Price regulation of iron and steel was abolished on 16 January Domestic steel prices are influenced by trends in raw material prices, demand, supply conditions in the market, and international price trends among others.

An Inter-Ministerial Group IMG is functioning in the Ministry of Steel, under the chairmanship of the secretary Steel to monitor and coordinate major steel investments in the country. As a facilitator, the government monitors the steel market conditions and adopts fiscal and other policy measures based on its assessment. Currently, basic excise duty for steel is set at It has also raised the import duty on most steel imports by 2.

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Iron and steel are freely importable as per the extant policy. There has been a steady increase in the amount of steel imported into the country to meet demands. Iron and steel are freely exportable. In the years , India exported about 3. The exports declined in the year , falling to 5. Some of the early iron objects found in India are dated to BCE by employing radiocarbon dating.

These developments were too early for any significant close contact with the northwest of the country.

Advanced Steels: The Recent Scenario in Steel Science and Technology by Yuqing Weng

The beginning of the 1st millennium BCE saw extensive developments in iron metallurgy in India. The years between — BCE saw several advancements made to the technology involved in metallurgy during the politically stable Maurya period — BCE. Perhaps as early as BCE — although certainly by CE — high quality steel was being produced in southern India by what Europeans would later call the crucible technique. Archaeological evidence suggests that this manufacturing process was already in existence in south India well before the Christian era.

The world's first iron pillar was the Iron Pillar of Delhi erected during the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya — Indian metallurgy under the Mughal emperor Akbar reign: produced excellent small firearms. With the partial exception of coal, foreign competition, aided by the absence of tariff barriers and lack of technological innovation, held back the development of mining and metal-working technology in India until the early 20th century.

The relatively crude, labour-intensive nature of surviving mining techniques contributed to the false impression that India was poorly endowed with mineral resources or that they were inaccessible or otherwise difficult and unremunerative to work. But the fate of mining and metallurgy was affected by political as well as by economic and technological considerations. The British were aware of the historical role metal-working had played in supporting indigenous powers through the production of arms and ammunition.

This resulted in the introduction of then Arms Act in which restricted access to firearms. India's skill in casting brass cannon had made Indian artillery a formidable adversary from the reign of Akbar to the Maratha and Sikh wars years later.

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During the Company period, military opponents were eliminated and princely states extinguished, and the capacity to mine and work metals declined, largely due to British tariffs. Create Alert. Similar Papers. Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper. Figures and Tables. Citations Publications citing this paper.