After five days, Nelly is released, and later, with Linton's help, Cathy escapes.
Wuthering Heights - Wikipedia
She returns to the Grange to see her father shortly before he dies. Soon after she arrives, Linton dies. Hareton tries to be kind to Cathy, but she withdraws from the world. At this point, Nelly's tale catches up to the present day Time passes and, after being ill for a period, Lockwood grows tired of the moors and informs Heathcliff that he will be leaving Thrushcross Grange. Eight months later, Lockwood returns to the area by chance. Given that his tenancy at Thrushcross Grange is still valid, he decides to stay there again. He finds Nelly living at Wuthering Heights and enquires what has happened since he left.
She explains that she moved to Wuthering Heights to replace the housekeeper, Zillah, who had left. Hareton has an accident and is confined to the farmhouse. During his convalescence, he and Cathy overcome their mutual antipathy and become close. While their friendship develops, Heathcliff begins to act strangely and has visions of Catherine. He stops eating and, after four days of increasingly bad health, is found dead in Catherine's old room. He is buried next to Catherine.
As he gets ready to leave, he passes the graves of Catherine, Edgar, and Heathcliff and pauses to contemplate the quiet of the moors. At one stage Heathcliff is described as a vampire, and it has been suggested that both he and Catherine are in fact meant to be seen as vampire like personalities. The original text, as published by Thomas Cautley Newby in , is available online in two parts. Writing to her publisher, W. Williams, she mentioned that "It seems to me advisable to modify the orthography of the old servant Joseph's speeches; for though, as it stands, it exactly renders the Yorkshire dialect to a Yorkshire ear, yet I am sure Southerns must find it unintelligible; and thus one of the most graphic characters in the book is lost on them.
There are several theories about which real building or buildings if any may have inspired Wuthering Heights. One common candidate is Top Withens , a ruined farmhouse in an isolated area near the Haworth Parsonage , although its structure does not match that of the farmhouse described in the novel. The second possibility is High Sunderland Hall , near Halifax , now demolished. While it was perhaps grander than Wuthering Heights, the hall had grotesque embellishments of griffins and misshapen nude males similar to those described by Lockwood in Chapter 1 of the novel.
The inspiration for Thrushcross Grange has long been traced to Ponden Hall , near Haworth, which is very small. Shibden Hall , near Halifax, is perhaps more likely. It sits within an enormous park, as does Shibden Hall. By comparison, the park at Chatsworth the home of the Duke of Devonshire is over two miles 3. Considering that Edgar Linton apparently does not even have a title, this seems unlikely.
There is no building close to Haworth that has a park anywhere near this size, but there are a few houses that might have inspired some elements. Shibden Hall has several features that match descriptions in the novel. Early reviews of Wuthering Heights were mixed in their assessment. Whilst most critics at the time recognised the power and imagination of the novel, they were also baffled by the storyline and found the characters prone to savagery and selfishness. The Atlas review called it a "strange, inartistic story," but commented that every chapter seems to contain a "sort of rugged power.
There is not in the entire dramatis persona, a single character which is not utterly hateful or thoroughly contemptible Even the female characters excite something of loathing and much of contempt. Beautiful and loveable in their childhood, they all, to use a vulgar expression, "turn out badly".
Graham's Lady Magazine wrote "How a human being could have attempted such a book as the present without committing suicide before he had finished a dozen chapters, is a mystery. It is a compound of vulgar depravity and unnatural horrors. The American Whig Review wrote "Respecting a book so original as this, and written with so much power of imagination, it is natural that there should be many opinions.
Indeed, its power is so predominant that it is not easy after a hasty reading to analyze one's impressions so as to speak of its merits and demerits with confidence. We have been taken and carried through a new region, a melancholy waste, with here and there patches of beauty; have been brought in contact with fierce passions, with extremes of love and hate, and with sorrow that none but those who have suffered can understand.
This has not been accomplished with ease, but with an ill-mannered contempt for the decencies of language, and in a style which might resemble that of a Yorkshire farmer who should have endeavored to eradicate his provincialism by taking lessons of a London footman. We have had many sad bruises and tumbles in our journey, yet it was interesting, and at length we are safely arrived at a happy conclusion. Douglas Jerrold's Weekly Newspaper wrote "Wuthering Heights is a strange sort of book,—baffling all regular criticism; yet, it is impossible to begin and not finish it; and quite as impossible to lay it aside afterwards and say nothing about.
The women in the book are of a strange fiendish-angelic nature, tantalising, and terrible, and the men are indescribable out of the book itself. Yet, towards the close of the story occurs the following pretty, soft picture, which comes like the rainbow after a storm We strongly recommend all our readers who love novelty to get this story, for we can promise them that they never have read anything like it before. It is very puzzling and very interesting, and if we had space we would willingly devote a little more time to the analysis of this remarkable story, but we must leave it to our readers to decide what sort of book it is.
New Monthly Magazine wrote "Wuthering Heights, by Ellis Bell, is a terrific story, associated with an equally fearful and repulsive spot Tait's Edinburgh Magazine wrote "This novel contains undoubtedly powerful writing, and yet it seems to be thrown away. Ellis Bell, before constructing the novel, should have known that forced marriages, under threats and in confinement are illegal, and parties instrumental thereto can be punished.
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And second, that wills made by young ladies' minors are invalid. Examiner wrote "This is a strange book. It is not without evidences of considerable power: but, as a whole, it is wild, confused, disjointed, and improbable; and the people who make up the drama, which is tragic enough in its consequences, are savages ruder than those who lived before the days of Homer. Literary World wrote "In the whole story not a single trait of character is elicited which can command our admiration, not one of the fine feelings of our nature seems to have formed a part in the composition of its principal actors.
In spite of the disgusting coarsness of much of the dialogue, and the improbabilities of much of the plot, we are spellbound. Britannia called it a "strangely original" book that depicts "humanity in this wild state. Lewes , in Leader , shortly after Emily's death, wrote: "Curious enough is to read Wuthering Heights and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall , and remember that the writers were two retiring, solitary, consumptive girls! Books, coarse even for men, coarse in language and coarse in conception, the coarseness apparently of violence and uncultivated men — turn out to be the productions of two girls living almost alone, filling their loneliness with quiet studies, and writing their books from a sense of duty, hating the pictures they drew, yet drawing them with austere conscientiousness!
How to Teach "Wuthering Heights"
There is matter here for the moralist or critic to speculate on". The earliest known film adaptation of Wuthering Heights was filmed in England in and it was directed by A. It is unknown if any prints still exist. This acclaimed adaptation, like many others, eliminated the second generation's story young Cathy, Linton and Hareton and is rather inaccurate as a literary adaptation.
The film with Timothy Dalton as Heathcliff is the first colour version of the novel, and gained acceptance over the years though it was initially poorly received. The character of Hindley is portrayed much more sympathetically, and his story-arc is altered. It also subtly suggests that Heathcliff may be Cathy's illegitimate half-brother.
There is also a French film adaptation Hurlevent by Jacques Rivette. In Yoshida's version, the Heathcliff character, Onimaru, is raised in a nearby community of priests who worship a local fire god. The screenplay was written by Raquel Villavicencio. It became a Filipino film classic. Earnshaw sends Hindley away to college. After Earnshaw dies, Hindley returns, with a wife, and begins his revenge on Heathcliff by ending his education, making him a servant, and forbidding Catherine and Heathcliff from associating. Heathcliff becomes a dirty laborer.
Wuthering Heights SOW
Despite her love for Heathcliff, Catherine marries Edgar Linton. Catherine dies. Those reading or teaching Wuthering Heights may want to focus on the following:. If you do decide to teach it, here are some lesson ideas. Have each student do the following after reading the book:. Bright Hub Education. Skip to content. Book Summary 4 out of 5 Mr.
Literary Merit 5 out of 5 Those reading or teaching Wuthering Heights may want to focus on the following: Point of View: Most of the narrative comes from Nelly Dean, whose bias infiltrates the entire narrative. It is probable, for example, that she harbors jealousy toward Catherine Earnshaw, who is considered the local beauty. Open Menu Close Menu. Contact Us Login. Go Beyond Take learning beyond the classroom and into the real world. Endless instructional possibilities Ignite student interest and open doorways to learning with exciting real world curriculum resources, packaged with instructional strategies and personalized for your needs as an educator.
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