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But in those early years of the seventeenth century, not all went well for in English. Spain also had some difficulties. Also in , Diego Ramirez, captain of a Spanish galleon, approached Bermuda with his ship in need of repair. A black crew member was sent ashore with a lantern and axe to cut a piece of cedar while the rest of the crew waited on the ship. When on land, the crew member was mobbed by many cahows sea birds. He yelled to his crew mates for help. They assumed he was being attacked by the devil and rushed to his aid.

That night they captured more than birds. In England in , the universities of Oxford and Cambridge were granted representation in Parliament, and later, both sent leaders to the new world. The exploration of North America continued. In , English explorer George Waymouth landed on an island he called Nantucket. About this time, our ancestors entered the picture more clearly but not prominently. Their stage presence was hardly noticed. Instead, public attention in England was focused on turmoil and violence.

On February 1, , Guy Fawkes and others found guilty of attempting to blow up Parliament were executed in London. Then their limbs were severed, their stomachs were disemboweled, and their heads were held aloft on spiked staves. But there was some good news—not for Guy Fawkes and his followers, but for England and the new world. Constant for Virginia. On May 13, , male settlers arrived at James City, Virginia, for the second permanent English settlement in the new world. The bliss of arrival and of founding a new settlement did not last long.

On May 26, in Jamestown, Paspahegh Indians attacked the colonists, killing two and wounding ten. On June 15, James Fort was completed. On September 10, the Council accused Councilor George Kendall of discord and he was placed under arrest on the Discovery and executed.

So much for causing discord! Wingfield guilty of libel. He was deposed and John Ratcliffe took his place. Love conquered discord! On January 1, , Smith returned to James Fort and saw only 38 of the original settlers. Smith was accused of the deaths of the men on his expedition.

He was tried and condemned to be hanged. Before this could happen, Captain Christopher Newport returned from England on the John and Francis with a supply of food and with more settlers. Thomas Savage lived with the Indians, and Namontack lived with the British. They acted as interpreters and liaisons. In September , more supplies and 70 new immigrants arrived on the Mary and Margaret. Also on board was an Elizabethan bed for Powhatan, a five piece barge to explore the Richmond Falls, and two women, Mrs.

Thomas Forrest and her maid Anne Burras. Also in , the English made other inroads in North America. In , Champlain founded the French settlement at Quebec City, courted Indian traders, and imported French missionaries. Somers managed to land all crew and colonists onshore without the loss of a single life. In August, the seven other vessels with to passengers arrived in Jamestown. President Ratcliffe rowed up the Pamunkey to bargain with Powhatan for food but was captured by Indian women and tortured to death.

Apparently, he was not as lovable was John Smith. Meanwhile, Somers and the other colonists marooned on Bermuda were able to build two ships—the Deliverance and Patience—from the wreckage of the Sea Venture. Leaving behind a couple of men to stake a claim to the island, mariners and colonists set sail for Virginia and arrived on May 23, They found the Jamestown colony decimated by starvation, illness, and Indians attacks.

The supplies they brought from Bermuda were a relief to the colonists but were not enough. On May 24, Lieutenant Governor Gates proclaimed martial law and instructed the colonists to abandon Jamestown. Sir George Somers returned to Bermuda on the Patience for needed food, but unfortunately, he fell ill and died on Bermuda on November 9.

In , farmer John Rolfe—once a castaway in Bermuda—, offered a crop of tobacco to help save the Jamestown settlement. On June 28, he shipped the first tobacco from Virginia to England. On November 23, , the Virginia Company, figuring Bermuda was a poor investment, surrendered it to the Crown. Thus, Bermuda became the first legal offshore colony of Britain. On June 29, , the separate and autonomous Bermuda Company, formed by English investors who were shareholders of the Virginia Company, paid 2, pounds for the charter formerly held by the Virginia Company.

The year was an important one in Bermuda. Bermuda was divided into shares and tribes parishes. It was believed there was money to be made harvesting pearls off the coast, but as with so many other money making schemes, this one proved unsuccessful. The slaves were then put to work planting and harvesting the initial large crops of tobacco and sugar cane. It was the earliest known conservation law in the new world. Its first law stated tobacco was least three shillings per pound.

In December , the Governor of Bermuda sent two cedar chests to Virginia with various agricultural products contained in them, including the first potato planted in America. By the second decade of the century, our ancestors began to get small speaking parts in the play of the new world. Remember Stephen Paynter, our ancestor born in England in and the father of Patience Paynter, who was born in ?

Well, by the second decade of the seventeenth century, he was a respected citizen of Bermuda. He served as a foreman of Bermuda juries in June and October In that same year, Stephen Paynter was a Counselor at Assembly. That letter was signed by year-old William Bullock, the great-grandfather of Isaac Julian. Keep Isaac in mind, because he is another of our ancestors and we shall meet him later.

By the way, I wonder if Governor Woodhouse is an ancestor of the great writer P. How exciting! William Bullock also signed a letter dated June 4, concerning the regulation of tobacco. There seemed to have been significant commerce between Bermuda and Barbados. In those early years on the islands, people with good financial backgrounds and social connections with England were allocated land on Barbados.

Within a few years, much of the land had been deforested to make way for tobacco and cotton plantations. In , Stephen Paynter complained of unjust proceedings against him by Governor Woodhouse.

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In an April 28, letter, Captain Phillip Bell, the new Governor of Bermuda, told Sir Nathaniel Rich he was surprised and grieved he had been blamed by the Somers Island Company at home without having had the opportunity to defend himself. This eems to prove Stephen Paynter is an ancestor of some of my siblings.

In August , his wife, Alice, died. By now, Bermuda was a growing concern. Blacks were not the only ones enslaved in those times. Meanwhile, between and , more than 1, indentured servants arrived in Virginia each year—some were orphans and condemned criminals, but most they were the unemployed seeking economic opportunity. Some years earlier in , the British established the city of Holetown on the Barbados western coast, thus establishing the first permanent settlement on the island. The production of sugar, tobacco and cotton was heavily reliant on indenture servants.

White civilians who wanted to emigrate overseas could do so by signing an agreement to serve a planter in Barbados for a period of five or seven years. In addition, to meet the labor demands, servants were also derived from kidnapping and convicted criminals were shipped to Barbados.

The years from through were ones of economic, political, and religious unrest that caused mass emigration from Britain to the North American colonies, including Bermuda. Romance was consummated for our ancestors in Keep your eyes on Stephen Bullock. On April 18, , the will of Mary Cooper, the widow of Warwick, made William Bullock and Thomas Inglethorpe guardians of her two children, Peter and Mary, and of all her goods and chattels. Back in England, saw the breakout of the civil war.

This war lasted until , when the Puritan Roundheads won a victory over the Cavaliers. Sounds like a soccer match, but it was a sure enough bloody civil war. On April 18, , Chief Opechancanough led Indians in an attack that killed nearly colonists. In October of that year, a resident of Jamestown who was being held prisoner by the Indians shot Opechancanough in the back. On November 16, , Stephen Paynter sent a letter to Mr. Dewitt concerning a lease that paid the Earl of Warwick pounds of tobacco a year. And Stephen may have been traveling in high circles, for also in , Richard Hunt and his wife, Sarah, of Bromley, Kent, England, arrived in the Bermuda Islands and took possession of the estates of the then Earl of Manchester in the islands in which he was one of the proprietors.

Sarah Hunt was one of the nieces of the Earl, who had devised by his last will that his landed property in the Bermudas go in trust to the Earl of Warwick, Lord Holland, and Sir Nathanial Rich. Those men were his executors for the benefit of one of his nieces, one that was deemed the most worthy. Richard and Sarah Hunt brought with them a daughter, also named Sarah. Many of our ancestors would later following his calling. It is unclear why Margaret was baptized in Barbados.

However, later she would marry there. It is unclear what role William Bullock or his father-in-law played in the Bermuda Civil War or in forcing the Puritans to leave Bermuda, but they were still respected citizens. On the islands, it was mostly business as usual. And romance was budding. In , not long after the Bermuda Civil War ended, a slave uprising broke out. It was foiled, and all blacks previously given their freedom were banished. His ancestor George Washington Julian would strongly disapprove.

Apparently, so would his wife, as we will see later. It is easy for us in the early 21 st century to criticize William Bullock for owning slaves. We were raised by parents and in a society that knows slavery is wrong. Nearly everyone we have met, known, and befriended has reinforced that belief. However, William Bullock grew up in a society where the majority of the people did not oppose slavery—most probably approvedof it. He owned slaves and was respected in his community, as were many others in Bermuda and elsewhere.

So it is also somewhat easy to forgive his beliefs and his ownership of slaves. Still, although is would be easy to forgive him these things, it would be wrong. There are some things people should know themselves, despite their upbringing and despite public opinion. One of those things is the wrongness of slavery. No human has the right to own another, no matter how many people accept it or whether government sanctions the practice. William, one of our earliest know ancestors, was morally wrong in owning slaves and in condoning the slavery practices of others.

Just as the killing of innocent people in terrorist attacks is morally wrong, regardless of how many of your family and friends condone it, slavery is morally wrong regardless of whether it is accepted by the majority or sanctioned by the government. There is one other aspect of slavery that is upsetting. Underlying the notion of slavery is the belief that those enslaved are inferior humors or not human at all.


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To judge an entire group of people inferior based on their skin color, where they were born, their religion, their indebtedness, etc. Some must be imprisoned to protect society; some may need to be institutionalized to protect themselves; some may need our help to survive; and some may be good citizens without our help.

None should be enslaved. Those imprisoned should not be used to our economic benefit. They should be imprisoned to protect us from the harm they might do to us and our property, not to increase our wealth. Well, enough of this. I only followed this side road, because I wanted it clear that slavery was, is, and will always be wrong.

So there, William. Stephen Paynter died in May in Bermuda. On May 29, , the monarchy was restored in England. In in Bermuda, another conspiracy of slaves—this time one joined by white Irish indentured servants—was foiled. The militia began a nightly watch. Things were no better in Virginia where, in that same year, Virginia institutionalized slavery with a law that made the status of the mother determine slave or free status of the child.

Soe sic I shall desire you to keep these lines in saftie sic if it should be forgotten this will be sufficient warrant for you. With my hand Stephen Painter. Your verie sic loving grandfather to the utmost of my powers. Stephen Painter. When Captain F. Her religion would create future problems for the family and for others. Bermuda was progressing. But in England, tragedy was wreaking havoc. Religion continued to be a problem on Bermuda. Although unpopular, he remained in Bermuda after retirement. When 80 years old, he was charged with treason. It was claimed he had allowed Dutch sailors to chart the reefs of Bermuda for a possible invasion by the Dutch and Spanish.

Heydon was acquitted and before he died a few years later was charitable enough to apply Christian forgiveness to his neighbors by establishing the Heydon Trust Estate, which still survives. The latter were about 25 percent, triple the number of the statistics. They had two children Mary born in or in Bermuda and Patience. We are most interested in daughter Mary Bullock. In in Bermuda, yet another slave conspiracy was foiled. The rest were branded and whipped. Religion remained a hot issue. In , William Bullock debated with the Rev. Sampson Bond.

Some sources say Bullock took the Quaker side, but other sources disagree. That same year, Stephen Bullock, master of a ship from Barbados, was sent to jail for helping Elizabeth Carter, a known Quakeress. Bacon opposed Berkeley and burnt Jamestown to the ground. And then on October 26, Bacon died of dysentery. Life on Bermuda was quite rigid, and it was closely regulated. For example, church attendance was mandatory, and failure to do so was punishable by fine.

In in Bermuda, a law passed in prohibiting the importation of slaves was upheld. By , Patience Bullock was in conflict with her son, John, and this conflict merited the attention of the Governor of Bermuda. On May 1, , William Bullock and his wife Patience took part in a public disputation held before the sheriff and the justice of the peace by Rev. Sampson Bond and some of the Quakers. In July , Patience Bullock, her daughter Merriam, Stephen Bullock and his wife Marie, and Patience Tatum were fined for absenting themselves from church for three weeks.

John was hanged, drawn and quartered at Gibbet Island. In in Bermuda, a slave conspiracy involving five men was discovered and quelled. Freed of restraints imposed by the Bermuda Company, Bermudians developed an extensive carrying trade, selling salt from Turks Island and trading goods between North America and the West Indies.

However in , King James II, the last Roman Catholic monarch, was driven from the English throne because of his religion, and he went into exile. His wife, Mary or Marie Bullock, administered his estate. Rene St. Julien was born in in Vitre, Brittainy France. After getting some clothes from a neighbor, Rene fled the country.

Perhaps Rene changed his last name during this flight. Bennett arrived there in aboard the HMS Lincoln, accompanied by 50 soldiers, one of which is believed to have been Rene Julien. They had eight children:. We are most interested in Isaac Julian. Stay tuned for more on him. In in St. Only with the advent of steam powered ships and beyond did the industry decline. In , with the war between Britain and France imminent, the British Government decided that Bermuda should be protected by regular soldiers.

So, a small military force, the Independent Company of Foot, was sent there. The couple was married at the Newton house of his widow mother, Susannah Field. Although eight friends of King Charles II obtained their grant to establish the American colony of Carolina in , permanent settlers did not arrive until , when Charles Towne Charleston was founded, and the town was relocated in There is no record of when Rene and Mary Julien came to the America colonies.

However, a Captain John Darrell, deeply entwined with the Paynters in Bermuda commerce, engaged in slave trading between Bermuda and the Colonies, and a voyage of the Bermuda registered vessel May Flower no, not that one! About the family moved to land in the Shenandoah Valley near Winchester, Virginia.

Rene died there about Her father, Dr. White was a native of Scotland and from a very wealthy and honorable family. He was a graduate of Edinburgh and for many years was a surgeon of the British Navy. Alexander White became a lawyer of eminence and lived near Winchester. Robert became a doctor and was a member of the First Congress of the United States and of the Virginia convention that adopted the Federal Constitution.

Besides Barbara, Dr. White had two daughters, both of whom married men named Morgan and both had children taken captive by the Indians. The dates of their capture are unclear and the details are sketchy. Several years later, his father was able to visit him and found the boy had been adopted into an Indian family. By the time he had grown to manhood, he had fought several battles against whites. They voyaged away together, and his white relatives never saw him again. Most likely, the Indian capture of those two children played an important role in the quick flight from the Winchester area that occurred in late Isaac and his family lived about twelve miles from Winchester when trouble began between the French and the English.

That trouble would lead to the French and Indian War, and when it became apparent the Indians would side with the French, a great panic prevailed in the frontier settlements of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Yes, this was the George Washington, who in the future would lead a revolutionary army and become the first president of the United States.

At that time, Washington, 23 years old, was in command of Colonial troops at Winchester, Virginia. On October 11, , Washington reported the incident to Governor Dinwiddle. At the time, Winchester was the center of a craze of terror, under which the most commonplace incidents were magnified into portents of savage invasions, devastations, and slaughter. The incident on the Julian plantation tremendously increased the prevailing panic.

In fear, many families in the area, including the Julians, gathered what articles they could conveniently take, abandoned their homes, and sought refuge elsewhere. Isaac Julian left his well-stocked farm, standing crops, sheep and most other stock, and most of the contents of his house. He retained only the horses needed to aid his fight and the articles he and his family could conveniently carry.

Their flight southward began at night and continued for many days and nights. Much of the traveling was done at night, and during their trip, they passed occasional camp fires and saw other evidence that many of their neighbors were also fleeing. However, during the trip, they saw no white people. The descendants of Stephen Julian, who remained in Virginia, later moved to Ohio and other parts of the central west.

The deed was dated , but Isaac had possession of the homestead some years earlier. Isaac lived the rest of his life on that homestead. Tobias married Esther Morgan. Perhaps because the areas where they lived were sparsely populated, it is not surprising to find a number of marriages between the same families. It is not clear how Esther Morgan got to know Tobias; perhaps Esther visited her family in North Carolina, or Tobias visited his family that remained in the Winchester area. Regardless, Tobias and Esther met, fell in love, and were married. In , the American colonies declared their independence from England, and the American War of Independence began.

The Continental Congress placed an embargo on trade with Britain and its loyal colonies. Bermuda, dependent on America for its food, received an offer of exemption on condition that gunpowder stored at St George was shipped to America. The embargo was lifted, and Bermuda received its food supplies.

Because he could not see well in the dim light of dusk, he reached under the bush for the apples and was bitten by a rattle snake. He went to the house and told his family what had happened. Soon afterward, he died. Friends and family called him a wise and good man. He was described as being a rather small man, having a blond complexion and red hair. Although they were not the first Julians in Indiana, they were the first of our direct ancestors to move and live there.

We have little information about the life of Isaac III, except that he was born in and died in The American colonies united to declare their independence from mother England, and they fought and remarkably perhaps luckily won a war to secure that independence. Then, those colonies, who could agree on little more than they wanted to be free from English rule, showed remarkable political compromise in writing and implementing the Articles of Confederation and later, when it became clear more was needed, the Constitution of the United States.

George Washington was elected the first President of the United States; the nuts and bolts of a real government were pounded together to make to make it work and keep it together; and perhaps most remarkably, in there was a non-violent handover of political power from one group of people to another group who really disagreed about what the new government should look like, how much power it should have, and how it should function.

In , the United States bought enough land to more than double its size and embarked on one of the greatest scientific explorations of unknown terrain, plant and animal life, and foreign culture ever undertaken. And America fought another war with England. Julian may not have been a leading man, but he was a major supporting actor. Both Hoosier dialect and society are at least partly of Southern origin.

Surprisingly, Quaker migration out of the Upland South to the Midwest played a major part in the development of both.

Between and , the Society of Friends grew to 50, members, spread throughout the colonies, and began to prosper and proliferate, particularly in Virginia and later in North Carolina. In part, this may have had to do with episodes such as the Julian family flight from Virginia in to North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.

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At the same time that Quakers were growing and prospering in the South, they were making choices that ultimately caused them to leave the area. In addition, they were surrounded by other Christian denominations more accommodating to slavery, and thus more appealing to converts. Thus, the Quakers grew only because they had large families.

Indiana became the nineteenth state in When by the treaty of , the Delaware Indians ceded their central Indiana territories to the state, only scattered Indian villages and a few white settlers and their families inhabited the wilderness there. The state capital was Corydon, located on the Ohio River, but the state legislature commissioned 10 men to find a site for the capital that was more central in the state. The first whtie man to settle in what would become Indianapolis was John Pogue. He built a cabin there but soon after was killed by Indians. Indianapolis, the city of Indians, was founded in Soon, the areas around the city experienced population increases.

Having reached the decision that their faith could not thrive in states where slavery was part of the culture, the vast majority of Upland Southern Quakers left the South for the new states of the Midwest, where the Northwest Ordinance promised a land free of slavery. According to some reports, Virginian Quakers most often went to Ohio to settle, while North Carolina Quakers eventually found their way to Indiana. Although the Hoosier State was centrally located in the newly opened territory, it was difficult to enter in every direction except from the south.

Although Quaker migration was only one component of westward movement in the nation, it was representative of general emigration. The settlement of the Midwest was done quickly and by a large number of willing Americans. Kinship networks helped facilitate the migration. Settlers came in family groups that were youthful and large, and upon establishing a homestead, they soon sent for their relatives. They were not all poor, though wealth and education spanned a wide range. There was plenty of land that only needed clearing before it could be planted.

And it was both a religious and an economic advantage to be in an area where there was good land and no slavery. The Quakers became a part of the corn and hog agricultural economy that dominated central Indiana. This formulation only strengthened ties to the Cincinnati area, since that is where many Central Indiana farmers took their hogs to market and that is where many had originally migrated from.

Farming was a year round community enterprise, with events such as barn raisings and harvesting crops bringing neighbors together. It was also a good life. The land was good for farming, because it was generally level and the soil was rich and productive. Lets take a moment to look at the settlement and development of Hamilton County, not because George Washington Julian would live there, but because its development was typical of communities with sizable Quaker populations and because more than a century later Hamilton County would play a significant role in the Moran-Donahue family history.

Harmon Cox, from North Carolina, opened the then heavily wooded area that would become Hamilton County, Indiana, for settlement in The county was officially formed in The Friends settled Washington Township. Quakers from Surry County in North Carolina transplanted not only their church but also the name of their old town to the township.

They laid it out on May 6, , and named it Westfield. It was a very Quaker town. Their services were simple and were not designed around hosting evangelical revivals. Statewide, the population from to went from , to 1,, The growth was sustained by reproduction rather than by more immigrants from the Upland South. They were young and most had Southern roots that spread from the East and through Ohio into Indiana.

Quakers placed great emphasis on education, as did many other Protestant denominations. Nevertheless, most people in Hamilton County and in the state were opposed to the idea of public education. Even so, a public school was founded in Westfield in Westfield started a high school before the rest of the state—in , the Quakers founded Union High School in Westfield, which included former slaves as students. Quakers in Indiana also founded their own college in and named it Earlham; however, no diplomas were issued until The Census notes many carpenters, blacksmiths, and wagon makers in the county.

Towns in Hamilton County, such as Westfield, prospered in the heart of an agricultural community but were no longer bound to agriculture alone for their existence. Town merchants helped ease Indiana out of the pioneer era and into that of commercial agriculture. There was money to be made in businesses in these towns. Most of these towns never grew large, but they were still important community centers. One business not found in Westfield was the saloon.

This was a Quaker town, which meant that the home, school, and church were all intertwined. Like the Methodists, the Society of Friends stood against the saloon. Crimes were moral violations, more than they were violent attacks. Liquor was public enemy number one.


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What was going on during this period of settlement was a readjustment of Quaker ideals and culture. This process was extremely thorough, to the point where many Quakers turned their backs on both their Southern and pacifistic heritages. The key issue in this transformation was slavery. Quakers were often at the forefront in organizing local antislavery societies, though they did not generally join colonization societies.

A Wesleyan Methodist congregation organized in Westfield during made the town a center of abolitionist sentiment. This included becoming part of the Underground Railroad network, as early as However, this did not mean that members always agreed on the issue. Statewide, about 2, of the estimated 25, Friends joined to form the Antislavery Friends.

The split was not over policy, but rather over the speed at which antislavery should move in the country. The rift between the two groups lasted until , when they were officially reunited. Even with this political split, the Westfield area remained friendly to African American settlement.

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According to some, Indiana was the least ethnically diverse among the five Old Northwest States in And yet, it had the second largest black populations of those same states. This was so despite the fact that few blacks became members of the Society of Friends. Because of their relationship with the Friends, African Americans were a part of Westfield almost from its founding. Two worked as carpenters, and Reuben Hord was the town barber. Regardless of where they might attend church, the Quakers saw it as their Christian duty to help African Americans.

It was this sense of duty that was to play a significant role in the transformation of American Quakerism. The divide within the Quakers was part of the national and statewide wrestling over race. By , as the antislavery crisis continued to grip the Society of Friends, many Hoosiers came to the conclusion that Indiana needed a new Constitution.

As the pioneer era passed away into a settled atmosphere that allowed places like Westfield to prosper, the Constitution was thought to lack the safeguards that were necessary to continue the progress of moving from subsistence agriculture to the commercial endeavors that was being made. Do those arguments sound familiar? They had left the South and brought many blacks with them to escape such explicit displays of racism.

Reaction by the Friends in Hamilton Country was swift. But despite their work, Hamilton County did not always welcome others with similar feelings. Famed abolitionist Frederick Douglass was made to feel very unwelcome when he visited the area, to the point of being run out of Noblesville. And he was actually attacked and beaten in nearby Pendleton. In , there were 89 Quaker meetinghouses, with 15, members, concentrated in seventeen Indiana counties. Though some of the membership was unsure about political involvement, most Friends accepted being involved in politics as part of their Christian duty.

They were staunch backers of the Whig Party but quickly converted to the Republican platform by Both of these were pluses as far as Quaker voters were concerned, though generally not seen as such by other transplanted Upland Southerners. The Democrats never embraced the market revolution that had caused Quakers to build shops in Westfield at the same time they were planting crops.

The Northern culture that Quakers were now a part of—in fact had helped to build in Indiana—was in need of its own political party to represent it. This can best be seen in their reaction to the start of the Civil War. During the War of , Quakers had refused to serve, almost to a man, and had been punished for it. Yet, by , the Society of Friends was, on one level, a deeply patriotic denomination. But on the other hand, they were against war. Thus, they could not officially endorse the Civil War, despite the great temptation to do so because they realized the war was about slavery.

You are not logged in, either login or create an account to post comments. The MeFi community could benefit from hearing from members of color about your experiences on the site. Will and Vocal Adrenaline get mutually fed the hell up with each other. Rachel has to move out of her childhood home and another wild singing party is thrown in the basement. I have been unthrilled with the idea of making Beiste transgender still prefer how it went with Unique actually, the one "new kid" I was into , but this wasn't bad.

I pretty much agree with this review about Dot Marie Jones. Related link: interview with Dot Marie Jones. Which is weird. From its formation in , he built it into one of the most prestigious orchestras in Spain. Under his direction, the orchestra performed for enthusiastic audiences in all the major cities of Spain, Portugal, Switzerland and Germany. He recorded with this ensemble many unknown works of the Spanish repertoire as well as most of the orchestral works of Turina and Rodrigo and the cello concerti of Alberto Ginastera on the Naxos Label.

He also recorded the flute and clarinet concerti by Joan Tower on the Opus One label. Under his direction, the orchestra grew in popularity due to his rapport with audiences, the community in general, and his innovative programming. His conducting career has been guided by the knowledge he received from teachers and musicians such as Robert Fountain, Robert Baustian, George Szell, Igor Markevich and Franco Ferrara.

In the spring of , in the heart of Andalucia, he took on the challenge of presenting a fusion of flamenco and classical music featuring a pianist, guitarist, dancer, and full symphony orchestra. They have two grandsons, 9 year old Max and 7 year old Alejandro. Aesthetically and functionally. And this impacts their daily life, routines, and rhythms. In my mind, these concerts are the cornerstones of this season.

Reading about the compositional processes of these composers highlights the turmoil of writing music. Melodies and fragments were abandoned, entire sections were cast aside, and often the work was put on a shelf and returned to, years later. Many of these works share histories, and the overlapping dates of the composers reveals a new age of music making—more experimental, bolder, completely innovative.

We are so grateful to our Maestro, Max Bragado-Darman for his delightful programming in February and an opportunity to hear our orchestra shine. In March, we are thrilled to welcome guest conductor Jung-Ho Pak to the stage. Lamb actually performed the world premiere of this piece in New York! This spring, we hope you will immerse yourself fully in the Monterey Symphony.

Our Gala this year is on Friday, May 3rd at the Monterey Bay Aquarium—enjoy private access to the gem of the peninsula, sip signature cocktails, relish in a seated dinner, and support the Symphony! Tickets are available online. Luncheons and supper clubs bookend our concert weekends, and make the experience that much more delicious. Thank you, as always, for your tremendous support! Here, you have the answers. But those over 65 can relax at Carmel Valley Manor, a life care community. It has an ideal climate, fine dining and fun activities, with three levels of care, should you need them.

For information, call Angie Machado, or visit cvmanor. Dawn — Lento e tranquillo II. Moonlight — Andante comodo e rubato IV. Rome — Palermo. Calme II. Tunis — Nefta. The success of Monterey Symphony is the result of careful practice and planning. Your financial plan should perform for you too. When you work with us, your goals, needs, and vision for the future are at the center of that plan. Not available in all states. Member FDIC. At first, Sibelius was asked to write a piece for the festival, but his role expanded to not only compose the piece that would eventually become The Oceanides, but to also conduct an entire concert of his music.

At the end of his stay, he would receive an honorary doctorate from Yale. Sibelius had already submitted a version of his piece which is one of the three versions in existence , but upon learning about these new responsibilities, decided to revise and expand The Oceanides into the work it is today. The piece involves two subjects, or musical characters.

They are the 3, daughters of Titus Oceanus and Tethys. The other character is, as one might expect, the sea itself. The ocean makes its first appearance with the entrance of two flutes in the beginning of the piece, and the Oceanids first arrive. Monterey County Gives! Although these two characters do not intersect musically throughout the piece, they play off each other, their juxtaposition creating a narrative-like structure to the tone poem.

The piece swells and crashes, and returns to peaceful waters, mimicking the movement of the sea in musical form. The title character, a fisherman, lives in a small village where he is widely reviled, ostracized, and ultimately driven to commit suicide by sailing his boat out to sea. This is not to say that Grimes is a blameless protagonist; on the contrary, two of his apprentices die in dubious accidents at sea, and Grimes does little to ingratiate himself to his fellow villagers. Benjamin Britten, a closeted gay man who was not legally allowed to show his relationship with his partner, the English tenor Peter Pears, often chose themes for his operas that could serve as allegories for the outcast individual in a closed society.

The four sea interludes are interspersed throughout the opera and propel the plot forward. However, even on the day of rest, the bustling runs carry an ominous weight, and the bright bell tones from the horns melt into more portentous tolling in the percussion. As the melodic line ambles upward, Britten builds tension through a series of suspensions, never resolving fully, but pushing toward an endless horizon. The ocean rages. The first movement evokes the waters from Rome south to Palermo, and Ibert brings out the capricious nature of the Mediterranean Sea, from the calm lapping of the waves in the opening, to the crashing of waves on the shore.

The second movement depicts the Tunisian cities of Tunis on the coast, and Nefta, miles inland. The work caused quite a controversy at its premier. But what truly caused outrage at the premier had little to do with the music. Parisian audiences loved a good scandal, and Debussy was having an affair with Emma Bardac, who was expecting a child with the composer.

Each of the three movements has wonderfully descriptive titles. While Debussy was certainly influenced by the works of the French impressionists, he was also inspired by English painter J. In , Mr. Pak stepped down after six seasons as Artistic Director and Conductor of Orchestra Nova San Diego , an orchestra recognized for its innovative programs and business model. Pak led the orchestra from bankruptcy to unprecedented financial success. Pak is also a frequent speaker on television and radio including TED Talks and NPR appearances, as well as a clinician and conductor at national music festivals.

Adagio molto misterioso II. Andante molto animato III. Allegro molto agitato. Allegro II. Moderato III. Presto IV. Largo V. Allegretto — Allegro. Lamb has been hailed as a dynamic and versatile performer. The third commission for Mr. Botti, Mr. Lamb, and the New York Philharmonic under the baton of Mr. A faculty member of the Manhattan School of Music since , Christopher Lamb has led clinics and master classes on almost every continent.

In he was the recipient of a Fulbright Scholars Award to lecture and conduct research at the Victorian College of the Arts in Melbourne, Australia, where he developed a model for the art of teaching percussion. In , he was invited to join the faculty of the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland as an international fellow. The conductor, inspired by the recordings of whale songs captured by Roger Payne and Frank Watlington later released in the famous album Songs of the Humpback Whale , commissioned Armenian-American composer Alan Hovhaness to incorporate these songs into a piece.

Originally the composer wanted the orchestra to play the whale songs on their instruments instead of the recording listen for whale-glissandi in the trombones , but Kostelanetz insisted on the recorded sounds as well. Undersea mountains rise and fall in horns, trombones, and tuba. Music of the whales also rises and falls like mountain ranges. Song of a whale emerges like a giant mythical sea bird.

The calls of the whales in the piece might resonate even more for this Monterey County audience, whose bay is home to humpback whales for part of the year. His childhood was spent playing folksongs and the fiddle in a local Beijing Opera troupe, rather than learning the Western Art Music canon. Since then, Tan has become one of the more famous composers to come out of China, composing, among many other pieces, the score for the award-winning film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.

Water Concerto for water percussion and orchestra was commissioned by Kurt Masur and the New York Philharmonic, and was premiered in with principal percussionist Christopher Lamb. Lamb mentioned in an interview that Tan heard the different percussive sounds and pitch bending as the imitation of the tones of the Chinese language. Every day we washed everything with the river. All the old women, they always went to river for laundry, making a beautiful sound, very rhythmic.

So I transpose those memories of beautiful laundry sounds, and swimming sounds, body popping sounds, water dancing sounds, water teasing sounds, water popping sound, into my orchestrations. The winds and brass are asked to play on their reeds or mouthpieces alone, separated from their instruments, and the strings use several extended techniques. This is also one of the few orchestral pieces that requires the members of the orchestra to sing.

Listen for quiet humming a minute or so into the piece. There are many sounds and instruments that rarely make.

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The piece is a visual as well as an aural delight, and it is exciting to connect the sounds with visual cues. In addition to the wide variety of percussive sounds, Tan incorporates his childhood memories of Chinese folk songs and Beijing Opera to create a piece that melds innovative musical ideas with Chinese folk melodies, symphonic instrumentation with brand new instruments, and orchestral structure with improvisatory passages, all of which flow together to create an evocative watery soundscape. It caused consternation in official circles for failing to be a grandiose hymn extolling Soviet victory over the Germans.

Its light-hearted parodying tone was obviously open to misinterpretation.

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The sheet music specialists, featuring music related gifts and books. Now your local dealer of Alvarez Guitars and Amahi Ukuleles. The other movements vacillate between moods, almost erratically. The second movement displays a melancholic solemnity with the growing tension in the woodwinds and viscous strings, whereas the spritely third movement is almost childlike in its exuberance. The fourth movement opens with a sinister brass call, followed by a doleful quasi-improvisatory bassoon passage.