Why mosquitoes buzz in people's ears. Aogiri's dream. Achebe, Chinua. Things fall apart. Ackerman, Karen. Song and dance man. Active Minds. Adachi, Barbara. The living treasures of Japan. Adams, Richard. Unten am Fluss Watership Down. Cops and robbers. It was a dark and stormy night. The bear nobody wanted. Aichinger, Helga. Tonio und die Berggeister. Aiken, Joan. The Moon's revenge. Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. From emperor to citizen. Aitmatow, Tschingis. Ajid, Abdul. Diari anak tsunami. Tales of Japanese gods. Akinyemi, Rowena. The witches of pendle. Under the moon. Aldridge, Alan.
The Peacock party. Alexander, David M. The little wide mouth gecko. Alexander, Lloyd. The Fortune-tellers. Alexander, Peter-J. A medieval feast. Allaby, Michael. Allard, Harry. Bumps in the night. Allen, Laura Jean. Rollo and Tweedy and the case of the missing cheese.
Allen, Woody. Das Beste von Allen. Getting even. Allende, Isabel. Eva Luna. Mayas Tagebuch. Allert-Wybranietz, Kristiane. Trotz alledem. Almond, David. Aman, Kimiko. Amis, Kingsley. Ending up. An Na. A Step from Heaven. Anastas, Benjamin. Ancient Egyptian A.
Andersen, Hans Christian. The Emperor and the nightingale. Anderson, Debby. I can! God helps me from A to Z. Anderson, Laurie. Ndito runs. Andriewitsj, W. Masja en de Beer. Angelou, Maya.
List of bow tie wearers
Gather together in my name. My painted house. Animal orchestra. Anno's mysterious multiplying jar. Anno, Mitsumasa. Anouilh, Jean. Apol, Laura. Crossing the ladder of sun. Asare, Meshack. Chipo and the bird on the hill. Asch, Frank. One man show. Asimov, Isaac. The key word and other mysteries. Association for Library Service to Children. The Newberry and Caldecott awards. Atkinson, Kathie. A is for Australian animals. Attwood, Tony. Asperger's syndrome.
Atwood, Margaret. Auf dem Bauernhof. Auf der Baustelle Puzzle-Buch. Augsburger Puppenhaus: Urmel aus dem Eis. Auricula Meretricula. Auster, Paul. The New York trilogy. Averill, Esther. Der Feuerwehr Kater.
- The Power of Human Imagination.
- Knight Training!
- Search/Login Toggle.
- A Field Guide to Texas Trees (Gulf Publishing Field Guide Series)!
- A Christian Rebuttal to Princes Nine Days in Heaven, The Vision of Marietta Davis.
- Diverse Perspectives on the Psychosocial.
- Executive Affair.
The true confessions of Charlotte Doyle. Awdry, Rev. Axtell, Roger E. Ayi Kwei Armah. B Baird, Carol. A swift kick in the head and other subtle ways God gets my attention! Balch, Phyllis A.
Book Ideas: Complete Book List (updated January 1, )
Prescription for nutritional healing. Baldwin, James. If Beale Street could talk. Notes of a native son. Balgassi, Haemi. Peacebound trains. Balsavar, Deepa. The seed. Baltscheit, Martin. Bang, Molly. Ten, nine, eight. The Paper crane. Barker, Cicely M. Flower fairies of the garden. Barley, Nigel. The Innocent anthropologist. Bartlett, John. Familiar quotations. Bartone, Elisa. Peppe, the lamplighter. The Phantom of the opera. Bates, H. Fair stood the wind for France. Bauer, Jutta.
Baumann, Hans. Thank you, Brother Bear. Baumgarten, Fritz. Baylor, Byrd. Everybody needs a rock. The desert is theirs. When clay sings. Beake, Lesley. Lied der Erinnerung. Song of Be. Behrens, June. Soo Ling finds a way. Bei Dao. Island in the sun. Belajar Bahasa Malaysia 3b. Belajar Bahasa Malysia 2b. Belloc, Hilaire. Selected cautionary verses. Bemelmans, Ludwig.
Madeline in London. Ben Jelloun, Tahar. Papa, was ist ein Fremder? Benchley, Nathaniel. Oscar Otter. Sam the minuteman. Bennell, Paul. Tie your shoes with Slipknot Sam. Inside, outside, upside down. The B. Bear scouts meet bigpaw. Bears and Mama's Day surprise. Bears and mama's new job. Bears and the attic treasure. Bears and the bad dream. Bears and the blame game. Bears and the ghost of the forest. Bears and the green-eyed monster. Bears and the homework hassle. Bears and the in-crowd. Bears and the sitter.
Bears and the slumber party. Bears and the substitute teacher. Bears and the truth. Bears and too much junk food. Bears and too much pressure. Bears and too much teasing. Bears Blaze a Trail. Bears Cook-It! Bears Draw-it! Bears Forget Their Manners. Bears Get in a Fight. Bears Get Stage Fright. Bears Get the Gimmies. Bears Get the Noisies. Bears Go Out for the Team. Bears Go to Camp.
Bears Go to School. Bears Go to the Doctor. Bears Grow-it! Bears Learn About Strangers. Bears Lend a Helping Hand. Bears' New Baby. Bears' New Neighbors. Bears' Nursery Tales. Bears Think of Those in Need. Bears' Trouble with Money. Bears and Too Much Birthday. The Berenstain Bears and Baby makes five. The Berenstain Bears and the bad habit. The Berenstain Bears and the messy room. Bears No Girls Allowed. Berger, Barbara. Berman, Shari J. Lucky Vacation. Bernadette Leo Tolstoi.
Schuster Martin. Bernhard, Thomas. Ein Zerfall. Best of Tenali Raman. On learning to read. Bettelheim, Bruno. Freud und die Seele des Menschen. The uses of enchantment. Beyshenaliev, Shukurbek. Horny gets a Second Chance. The song of God. Biberti, Ilse. Hilfe, meine Eltern sind alt. Bichsel, Peter. Der Busant. Bienstock, R. Tree of Heaven. Birnbaum, Bette. My school, your school. Bishop, Claire Huchet. The Five Chinese Brothers. Bishop, Gavin.
Maui and the sun: a Maori tale. Blake, Quentin. Monster, Lady Monster, and the bike ride. Blathwayt, Benedict. The little house by the sea. Blevins, Wiley. Say it and smile! Blizzard, Gladys S. Come look with me. World of play. Blum, Raymond. Blume, Judy. Are you there, God? Bockie, Simon. Death and the invisible powers. The world of Kongo belief.
Literaturland Hessen. Bogart, Jo Ellen. Jeremiah learns to read. Bohatta-Morpurgo, Ida. Salve Regina. Boie, Kirsten. Nicht Chicago. Nicht hier. Ansichten eines Clowns. The Clown. Bolliger, Max. Der Hase mit den himmelblauen Ohren. Bolliger-Savelli, Antonella. The knitted cat. The Wind and The Sun.
- Her Gentlemen Callers.
- LA LINEA AZUL EN EL HORIZONTE. POEMAS DE AMOR, INFANCIA Y JUVENTUD (Spanish Edition).
- Agent Chance (Luke Chance Book 15).
- Full text of "The Annual Survey Of Psychoanalysis Vol Vi".
Bond, Gill. The sunflower. The watermelon. Paddington's garden. Bonners, Susan. Boyle, T. Das wilde Kind. Boynton, Sandra. Barnyard dance! Brain teasers. Break that code. Brande, Dorothea. Becoming a writer. Brandenberg, Franz. Nice new neighbors. Bratton, Heidi. Celebrate animals. Home grown faith for spring. Homegrown faith: Nurturing your Catholic family. Brecht, Bertolt. Geschichten vom Herrn Keuner. Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder. Brentano, Arnim.
Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Breslauer, Marianne Feilchenfeldt. Bilder meines Lebens. Brett, Jan. The first dog. The hat. Town Mouse Country Mouse. Trouble with trolls. Brett, Molly. Tom Tit moves house. Bridwell, Norman. Clifford and the grouchy neighbors. Clifford gets a job. Clifford takes a trip. Clifford's family. Clifford's puppy days. Briggs, Raymond. The snowman. Bright, Robert. The Friendly Bear.
Brothers Grimm. Thorn Rose. Brown, Claude. Manchild in the promised land. Brown, J. Language Center Thai Course: Book 1. Brown, Jeff. Flat Stanley. Brown, Marc. Brown, Marcia. Stone soup. Brown, Margaret Wise. Little fur family. The Important Book. The Runaway Bunny. Wait till the moon is full. Brown, Rosellen. The autobiography of my mother. Brozowska, Elizabeth. Hugo, das Nilpferd. Bruce, Ella. Bruchac, Joseph. The arrow over the door. Bruna, Dick. Het feest van nijntje. Bryan Diana Brothers Grimm. The fisherman and his wife. Buck, Pearl S. Der Drachenfisch.
Buechner, Georg. Werke und Briefe. Bulgakow, Michail. Bull, Jane. Bumiller, Elisabeth. May you be the mother of a hundred sons. Bunting, Eve. Ghost's hour, spook's hour. Burke, Edmund. Burnett, Frances Hodgson. Der geheime Garten. The Secret Garden. Burningham, John. Im Schnee. Burns, Marilyn. The I Hate Mathematics! Bursill, Henry. More Hand Shadows. Burton, Virginia Lee.
Mike Mulligan and his steam shovel. Busch, Wilhelm. Buschor, Ernst. Butterworth, Nick. Byars, Betsy. Keeper of the doves. The glory girl. Wanted…Mud Blossom. C Caen, Herb. The Cable Car and the Dragon. Cain, James M. Double Indemnity. California Ranchos. Camus, Albert. Der Fremde. Die Pest. La peste. Can Xi. Little Chen and the Dragon Brothers.
Cannon, Janelle. Capote, Truman. Breakfast at Tiffany's. Cardinal, Marie. Die Irlandreise. Carl Larsson. Carle, Eric. A house for hermit crab. Die kleine Raupe Nimmersatt. Die kleine Spinne spinnt und schweigt. Do you want to be my friend? Draw Me a Star. Mister Seahorse. Pancakes, pancakes! The grouchy ladybug. The mixed-up chameleon. The tiny seed. The very hungry caterpillar. The very quiet cricket. Carling, Amelia Lau. Carlson, Natalie Savage. The Family under the Bridge. Carluccio, Antonio. Klassische ital.
Carmi, Daniella. Samira and Yonatan. Carroll, Lewis. Carter, Jimmy. The virtues of aging. Cassady, Marsh. Storytelling step by step. Castiglioni, Carlo. Catherwood, Jeanette. Two friends and a lost bill. Cave, Kathryn. Irgendwie Anders. Cedarbaum, Sophia. Cerisier, Emmanuel. Buku 1. Chagall, Marc. Les fables de la Fontaine. Chapman, Carole. The complete wedding organiser and record. Chapouton, Anne-Marie. Melanie Prall. Chast, Roz. A Memoir. Chateuka, Keresia. Mbuya Mabhena. Chen, Kerstin. Der Herr der Kraniche. Chia Harn Chek. Chia Hearn Chek. Oh, gigi saya sakit.
Rumah kesayanganku. The Big Race. Chin Kee Onn. Twilight of the Nyonyas. Chinese Almanac. Harvest of Thorns. Choldenko, Gennifer. Al Capone Does My Shirts. Schweizer Lieder Chomsky, Noam. The Prosperous Few and the Restless Many. Christelow, Eileen. Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed.
Five little monkeys jumping on the bed. Five little monkeys reading in bed. Christie, Agatha. A Caribbean mystery. And then there were none. Hercule Poirot's Christmas. Mystery Christie, Agatha. Miss Marple's Final Cases. Passenger to Frankfurt. The adventure of the Christmas pudding. The Big Four. The man in the brown suit. The Sittaford mystery. Towards zero. Christie, Patrick. Teaching in the Tao. Chung Chong-wha. Modern Far Eastern Stories. Cisneros, Sandra.
Clarke, Mollie. Congo Boy: an African folk tale. Clausen, Rosemarie. Faust in Bildern. Cleary, Beverly. Ramona Forever. Cleveland, Anne. It's Better with Your Shoes Off. Cloke, Rene. Coatsworth, Elizabeth. The cat who went to heaven. Le Vilain Canard. Coelho, Paulo. The alchemist. Coerr, Eleanor.
Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express. Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes. Edited by Hideko Midorikawa. The Josefina Story Quilt. Coetzee, J. Cohen, Barbara. Seven daughters and seven sons. Cole, Babette. Collins Eyewitness Guides. Collins, Robert J. Murder at the Tokyo American Club. Cone, Molly. The Jewish Sabbath. Conrad, Joseph. Der Verdammte der Inseln. German Coombs, Andrew. Folktales from the Land of Smiles. Cooney, Barbara.
Hattie and the wild waves. Miss Rumphius. Cooper, David. The grammar of living. Cornille, Didier. Cosby, Bill. The meanest thing to say. Cousins, Lucy. What Can Pinky Hear?
What Can Pinky See? Cowcher, Helen. Mothers and Daughters. Craig, JoAnn. Culture Shock! Craighead George, Jean. One day in the desert. Creech, Sharon. Love that dog. One of the subsequent papers dealt with operant conditioning in monkeys who had been maintained for very long periods in restraint chairs. Joe Ayres rose after this presentation to ask the presenter how keeping the animals in restraint for so long could be justified ethically.
I don't remember the answer but do recall the tension in the crowded room when the issue about which probably everyone was thinking was raised publicly. The same tension suffuses Love at Goon Park. Some of Harry Harlow's brutal experiments on monkeys, such as those using the "pit of despair", would be upsetting to most experimenters today but appear to have bothered only a minority of scientitsts in the fifties.
Harry Harlow emerges as an unhappy, driven, and very hard drinking scientist. He was, particularly in his later years, spectacularly and deliberately politically incorrect. Harlow was made famous by his sense for important questions coupled with a love of controversy and eye for publicity. Blum, K. Keeping up with the literature has changed from being a merely unattainable goal to a painful joke. Books that review the current state of a particular literature, therefore, are ever more useful as the pace of scientific change quickens.
The necessity to get up to speed on particular topics explains the popularity of focused edited books, such as handbooks, and journals, such as Behavioral and Brain Sciences, that publish review articles followed by extensive commentary. Nowhere are these observations more to the point than in the broad spectrum of topics dealing with genetics. The editors of the Handbook are Dr. The editors are both very well known researchers in the area of genetics and the addictions. Together with their colleagues, they discovered a molecular genetic variant of the dopamine D2 receptor gene in severe alcoholism and other addictive behaviors.
They aptly introduce their Handbook in the preface. This domain, originally restricted to a few researchers, has now become a vast although somewhat uncharted common ground for scientists from very diverse fields including psychiatry, psychology, medical and population genetics, anthropology, molecular biology, biochemistry, pharmacology, neurology, and medical ethics. The increased interest stems principally from advances in molecular genetic techniques, the genome project, the neurosciences, enhanced public awareness of the role of genes in somatic diseases, and more recently, the finding of genes for complex mental disorders.
The announcements of genes associated with such devastating genetically based single-gene disorders such as Huntington's disease, cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, and even aging has profoundly aroused the interest of people all over the world. The Handbook is divided into six sections.
The first, Genetic Mechanisms in Psychiatry: Analytic Approaches deals with research design and strategy. Topics that are revisited in several subsequent chapters. Investigations of the genetics of behavioral disorders has been guided by the "one gene, one disorder" or OGOD hypothesis. Unfortunately, this strategy has not been successful in the area of major mental disorders, leading to failures to replicate and withdrawn claims.
These problems of replicability are the central concern of many of the chapters in the Handbook. The principal reason for this lack of success appears to be that the etiology of major mental disorders does not involve single genes of large effect. Therefore, the staple of investigations of psychiatric disorders, pedigree studies of affected kindreds, has not been very informative because many genes are involved.
One of the attractive features of the Handbook is that the methodologically oriented chapters recommend a variety of different approaches to obtaining replicable findings. Sometimes these approaches are mutually supportive and sometimes reflect underlying disagreements about the best strategy. Among the issues debated are the relative merits of allelic association designs in which affected and unaffected individuals are compared regardless of their kinship status , affected-sibling-pair designs, and affected-pedigree-member designs, the importance of ethnicity and other potentially confounding factors in association studies, the relative merits of representative versus pure samples, and so forth.
It does appear, however, that allelic association studies will become more important in the future. Already, the genome project has identified a large number of markers on many chromosomes. The identification of these markers means that genes of modest effect size can be identified in association studies. This improvement allows pedigree studies to be bypassed and, because association studies are relatively easy to conduct, will contribute to rapid progress in the study of polygenic disorders and other conditions.
These two sections are written clearly enough for persistent nonspecialists to follow the main points and cover the DNA techniques and neurotransmitters that are the subject of the remainder of the book. Regrettably, all I am able to say with any authority about these two sections is that a very attractive font is employed in each of their eight chapters. Section Four presents research on Psychiatric Genetics. In addition there is a chapter on polygenic inheritance of psychiatric disorders and the genetics of personality. These latter two chapters require additional comment.
Comings argues from association studies that "polygenes mutant genes involved in polygenic inheritance are not disease specific but are involved in a spectrum of disorders and are fundamentally different from those involved in single-gene disorders in that they have a much milder effect on gene function and tend to involve non-exon sequences. As such, the carrier rate in the population can be high.
Their deleterious effect comes when individuals inherit a greater than threshold number of polygenes. These polygenes are asserted to cause an imbalance between dopamine and serotonin and norepinehrine resulting in a variety of impulsive, compulsive, addictive, anxious, and affective disorders. These disorders include alcoholism, drug abuse, pathological gambling, compulsive behaviors, ADHD, antisocial behaviors, conduct disorder, depression, obesity, phobias, panic attacks, PTSD, autism, Tourette syndrome, and chronic tics.
Do we expect persons with antisocial personality disorder to be more likely to be obese or to suffer from PTSD? Perhaps not, as we might expect some genes of small effect to be related to a wide range of conditions. Thomas Bouchard, of the famous Minnesota Twin Study, describes research on the genetics of personality.
The establishment of replicable heritability estimates for personality traits has been possible because of the great effort put into the development of psychometrically sound measures. This same care in measurement permits the identification of specific genes that are related to particular personality traits, in fact, a gene related to the trait of novelty seeking has already been identified Benjamin et al. The new usefulness of the very large amount of previous psychometric research is demonstrated in a number of the other chapters, particularly the chapter on childhood psychopathology by James Hudziak.
Section Five, Substance Abuse Disorders, contains six chapters. Alcoholism, cigarette smoking, polysubstance abuse, and compulsive disorders are covered, primarily in connection with dopamine receptor genes. The last chapter, by Kenneth Blum and others presents a meta-analysis of the DRD2 gene locus in the "reward deficiency syndrome. Section Six, From Animal Research to Society: Genetic Impact on Behavior, has a chapter on quantitative trait loci for mouse behaviors, on genetic determinants of alcohol preference, and on ethical issues in genetic screening, gene therapy, and scientific conduct.
In all, this is a worthwhile book. The chapters are authoritatively written by prominent researchers, the state of the art knowledge on the genetic etiology of a wide variety of conditions is described, and there are descriptions of the technology involved in this sort of work. Overall, the sense one gets from reading this handbook in its entirety is that research in psychiatric genetics holds tremendous promise and that this promise will be realized with astonishing speed.
Benjamin et al. Population and familial association between the D4 dopamine receptor gene and measures of novelty seeking. Nature Genetics , 12, Ebstein et al. Sternberg, J. Intelligence, heredity, and environment. Cambridge University Press. Bock, G. This is a book with chapters by some of the best in the business. Written for an academic audience.
Some of the chapters are quite technical, but most are pretty accessible, if closely argued. Steven Gangestad makes the argument for people like me who are interested in individual differences from an evolutionary perspective. Bricker, D.
What Canadians think…. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. The great weakness in surveys is in framing a question that means something. What does this mean—do they believe in some divine principle of the universe, a vengeful, jealous old man up in the sky, or something yet different, such as the Easter Bunny? Briggs, D. Plant variation and evolution, 2nd edition. I got this book on sale because I know beans about plants. This book is written as a textbook and is quite dry, well, more than dry Some interesting stuff on plants achieving reproductive isolation in one swell foop by chromosomal doubling.
Many plants self-pollinate, either occasionally or always, some reproduce vegetatively. I suppose one needs more reproductive options if one is planted firmly in the ground. Bryant, K. The Science of Prevention: Methodological advances from alcohol and substance abuse research.
This book grew out of a meeting of methodologists and researchers sponsored by the US National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The editors are active and prominent researchers in the areas of substance abuse and quantitative evaluation methods. The book consists of 12 chapters pertaining to the analysis of substance abuse prevention programs.
The techniques covered include latent-variable modelling, latent transition analysis, econometric models, behavioral genetic methods, estimating the magnitude of the effect sizes of components of multi-component interventions, time series, item homogeneity scaling and multi-level analysis, measurement invariance of psychological instruments, missing data, power analysis, and the methodological quality of research in meta-analysis. The editors have been successful in obtaining clear and up- to- date descriptions of analytical methods that apply to a wide variety of prevention programs, not just substance abuse.
The level of difficulty of the chapters varies but in general is suitable for applied researchers and students who have had some graduate training in statistics. Unless one is planning to write a review of this book for a journal or teach a graduate course in program evaluation, one would never sit down and read this entire book.
I found the chapter on the methodological quality of meta-analytic reviews by Bangert-Drowns, Wells-Parker, and Chevillard of particular interest. Meta-analysis has been controversial since it was first developed, in part because it combines effect size data over studies that vary widely in methodological quality. Consumers of these reviews are implicitly asked to believe the implausible claim that methodologically flawed studies contribute to a more precise estimate of effect size.
After reviewing various approaches to dealing with variations in methodological quality over studies, Bangert-Drowns et al. They used different groups of experts in the area to define dimensions of study quality, to operationalize the measurement of these dimensions, and to perform the actual ratings.
All this effort led to a satisfying and sensible result: The higher the rating of the rigour of the grouping strategy, the greater the convergence on the average intervention effect size. Reference: Sokal, A. Transgressing the boundaries: Toward a transformative hermeneutics of quantum gravity. Buderi, R. The invention that changed the world. The invention was radar. It is amazing how radar and the research work associated with it had ramifications across a wide spectrum of science and technology. The first part of the book is very entertaining.
It describes the early British work leading to the later start of the Americans who carried the thing through to fruition. The middle part of the book on reverberations, repercussions, and ramifications had too many scientists in it for my tiny brain, something like the cast of characters in a big Russian novel. There is a pedagogical lesson in these two books. Burke produces entertaining educational TV shows that document the unexpected connections among developments in science and technology.
These books which overlap somewhat in content are exactly like the TV shows - they are brain candy. The connections draw one on and are indeed interesting but once one or at least this one is through reading, not a damn thing can be remembered. Our brains seem designed to remember themes and content and the connections among disparate things simply do not serve as a mnemonic device.
The emperor of scent: A story of perfume, obsession, and the last mystery of the senses. A very uneven and somewhat strange book by a fine science writer author of the first rate A separate creation. A chance encounter led Burr to set out to write a book about a paradigm shift in olfaction. The protagonist, Luca Turin, is a prickly and difficult, although undeniably brilliant, investigator who is at odds with established researchers clinging to Amoore's venerable, but rather unsucessful, receptor shape theory of odour perception. Turin's alternative theory of molecular vibration can explain why we can smell an infinitie number of different smells, why molecules of similar shapes may smell dissimilar, and why different molecules of exactly the same shape smell differently from each other.
The book brings out the remarkable characteristics of olfaction in a very interesting discussion of perfumes upon which Turin is an expert and the perfume industry. The trouble for Burr is that Turin's apparently superior theory does not triumph but is dismissed, seemingly because of the ignorance of its critics, who basically can't be bothered to read it carefully or at all. Part of the problem is that the theory spans physics and chemistry and most scientists specialize in one of the other.
In any event, the book doesn't have the end for which Burr had hoped and he becomes a little disenchanted with the scientific enterprise, at least as practiced by self-interested and intellectually limited humans. Burr, C. A separate creation: The search for the biological origins of sexual orientation.
A little low and slow and repetitious but nevertheless very well done. Interviews with Hamer, Bailey, Botstein and others. Alone, the book is worth reading for finding out about sex determination in the Trichogramma wasp. This is a peculiar little book purporting to tell all about rats.
It is copiously illustrated—some of the illustrations are interesting but many are too small, at least for my eyes. The latter two topics are covered only superficially. Although the book is of some interest, the author seems to be searching unsuccessfully for some theme to motivate the prose. Cairns-Smith, A. Evolving the mind: On the nature of matter and the origin of consciousness.
Cairns-Smith is the chemist who thinks life originated with clay. Here, he disdains the mundane questions surrounding the origin of life and moves to the classic mind-body problem. Unlike most who tackle this subject, he is definitely not a flake. The book is a review of almost everything but the best part concerns matter at the cellular and subcellular level, particularly an exceptionally clear intuitive presentation of quantum theory. The neuroscience is well presented but is extremely basic. Cairns-Smith understands Darwinian theory and uses it to effect, essentially arguing that consciousness is highly likely to be an adaptation designed to integrate information from separate neural systems.
How does mind influence matter? Well, matter is not what one naively thinks it is and mind and matter turn out to be made of the same fundamentally baffling stuff. Caputo, P. Ghosts of Tsavo: Stalking the mystery lions of East Africa. Washington, DC: National Geographic. A somewhat strange but mostly interesting little book from the author of Rumours of War. The book is weak when Caputo tries to make it into a popular science essay—he interviews scientists about some not very interesting theories and laments his very evident lack of biological training.
The historical part of the book, on the other hand, is very good. The author evokes the sense of being stalked by giant cats very scary , and tells some very interesting tales about lions preying on humans. One lion, for example, preyed upon people coming from a particular bar. The lion probably interpreted drunken walking as a symptom of poor health because lions routinely use disturbances in gait to select their victims. Now, one would think this bar would quickly go out of business but no--it must have been a very good bar! The lions of Tsavo seem to have come by their predilection for eating people honestly.
They live on the route of the old slave trade where the dying were left behind. Caras, R. A perfect harmony: The intertwining lives of animals and humans throughout history. Aimed at a lay readership. Some interesting observations but not anything new to biology types and bereft of theory. Carroll, S. Endless forms most beautiful: The new science of evo devo. NY: Norton. Very nice job of clearly describing the most recent big theoretical advance in the life sciences. Evo-devo, as I never tire of telling anyone who will listen, represents our scientific future.
The big advances in biological theory have been the formulation of the theory of natural selection, the synthesis of genetics and natural selection, the discovery of DNA, the discovery of the self-organizing principles of embryology, and now evo-devo, the linking of genes, development, and evolutionary theory. All of these advances save the first two have occurred in my lifetime and the pace is quickening. A very good time to be alive! I highly recommend this book. Less difficult and not as abstract as, for example, another masterpiece of this genre, The Art of Genes. Carter, C. The integrative neurobiology of affiliation.
MIT Press. A good source of information on the hormonal mechanisms of affiliation across a variety of mammals. This is a fast moving area of research and, because the book is a reprint of a New York Academy of Sciences volume that appeared in , some of this research is now a little out of date. The research on prairie voles, for example, has considerably advanced since this volume, mostly because of work done by those who wrote the chapters in this book.
Cartwright, J. Evolution and human behavior. Cambridge, Mass. This new book on evolutionary psychology will be a strong competitor in the burgeoning market of texts for undergraduate evolution and human behavior courses. Instructors and students will appreciate the very clear exposition, the even level of difficulty that is maintained throughout, and the apposite choice of illustrations and graphs.
Cartwright strikes a good balance between skepticism and enthusiasm. There are twelve chapters. Their topics are the history of evolutionary psychology, the mechanisms of evolution, the selfish gene, mating, sexual selection, the evolution of brain size, language and the modularity of mind, anthropological approaches to understanding human sexual behavior, human mate choice, conflict, altruism, and the use and abuse of evolutionary theory.
Changeux, J. Origins of the human brain. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Like most edited books, this is a mixed bag. An interesting overview of the mitochondrial DNA clock research. Most interesting is the fact that the brain blood supply is observable in endocasts of hominid fossils such that the development of different parts of the brain can be traced through time. Charles Crawford and Dennis L Krebs. Handbook of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, and applications. The editors, professors of psychology at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, have produced an edited volume that is suitable for senior undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in evolutionary psychology and psychobiology.
The handbook consists of 21 chapters divided into three parts: ideas, issues and applications. Each chapter is written by a noted specialist and, together, the chapters cover most of the domains interest in evolutionary psychology. An attractive feature of the book is that the chapters are quite even in quality and level of difficulty, with the exception of an interesting chapter by Hudson Kern Reeve on kinship and reciprocity that is a little more difficult than the others.
Not surprisingly in a handbook of evolutionary psychology, the authors are like-minded in their commitment to a Darwinist approach to behavior. Nevertheless, there are three areas of continuing debate that are well explicated in this volume. The first is the tension between evolutionary psychologists who are primarily interested in a species-typical design of the mind and a growing number of behavior geneticists who seek to understand heritable behavioral differences among individuals from an evolutionary perspective.
The second debate is between those theorists who conceive of people as "adaptation executors" and those who conceptualize people as "fitness maximizers. The latter argue that relative reproductive success in current environments provide useful information concerning species-typical reproductive strategies. In her concise chapter, Not Whether to Count Babies, but Which, Laura Betzig argues strongly that contemporary relative reproductive success is more lawful from an evolutionary perspective than popularly believed, a conclusion that is buttressed by Bobbi S Low's chapter on the evolution of human life histories.
The debate over the theoretical merits of examining contemporary reproductive success is closely related to the broader issue of the nature of the environment of evolutionary adaptation and its relation to contemporary environments. Charles Crawford, in his chapter, Environments and Adaptations: Then and Now, argues that no general answer is possible because different adaptations were created at different times, and because people tend to re-create features of the ancestral environment in contemporary societies.
A possible example of this tendency is the limited constant? Crawford advises a piecemeal approach to the important question of the nature of the environment s of evolutionary adaptation. A fourth issue, although not one that divides evolutionary psychologists, deserves comment. The most frequent criticism of a Darwinist approach to behavior is that evolutionary hypotheses cannot be rigorously tested.
In his chaptmon R Hoer, Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses, Harlcomb III provides a thoughtful discussion of the progress that has been made and the most promising strategies for improving Ernst Mayr's "one long argument. In conclusion, Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology is a very worthwhile book. Apart from its great expense, it would make an excellent textbook for an upper-level undergraduate course in evolutionary psychology.
My solution to the pricing issue for my course is to put a copy of the book on reserve in the library and to assign chapters from it to accompany Robert Wright's easy-reading but persuasive The Moral Animal: Evolutionary Psychology in Everyday Life New York: Pantheon Books. Chitty, D. Do lemmings commit suicide? Beautiful hypotheses and ugly facts.
Written by the elder statesman of population ecology. Not enough strong inference research. This book is jumpy and hard to follow. The early history of population ecology is interesting. Each section is begun by a quote of some kind, many of these are quite good. Cockburn, A. Mummies, disease and ancient cultures 2nd ed. A very odd new edition of the original mummy book. Nevertheless, there are items of interest. I was absolutely amazed to discover the enormous number of mummies there are, especially in Egypt.
There are some pathetic stories of how individuals met their demise, like the chronically unhealthy Inuit child who ate gravel not gravol in a futile attempt to keep from starving and the folks who got buried by accident and inhaled earth. Ancient populations had lots of parasites as well as lung damage from inhaling smoke from cooking fires in enclosed spaces or in Egypt, from inhaling sand.
Coen, E. The art of genes: How organisms make themselves. Oxford University Press. Absolutely brilliant. Coen starts with a kind of far-fetched metaphor of organismic "hidden colours" that is a little off-putting at first but it soon becomes apparent that the metaphor greatly facilitates an intuitive understanding of the process of development. Coren, S. The left-hander syndrome: The causes and consequences of left-handedness. NY: Vintage. So, where have all the left handers gone, long time passing, where have all the left handers gone, long long ago?
Why do left-handers die relatively young? Because they are sinister? Good book up until the last chapter. Interesting theory of left handedness that could also apply to homosexuality. An important theoretical update on the genetics of left-handedness has appeared in Psychological Review Crump, T. A brief history of science as seen through the development of scientific instruments. Crump is an excellent guide who provides exactly what the title promises. The book is well organized, has good pictures, and the scientific concepts are clearly explained. The book mostly concerns physics and chemistry together with little biographies of the principal protagonists.
The Selfish Gene this is not. A well-written book and an easy short read but not anything new. The central metaphor that of a river of information separating into streams which intertwine for awhile, and then flow separately forever is fatally flawed by the wholesale exchange of genetic material between species that has been documented in recent years.
The most interesting part of the book is the last bit on figs and fig-wasps. Dawkins, R. The idea is that we go backwards in time meeting ever more remote ancestors. At times this involves a bit of conjecture because our precise lineage has not been worked out. Despite our knowing an enormous amount more than we did when I took a course in invertebrate zoology in the sixties, some of the uncertainty about phylogenetic relationships persists.
Dennett, D. NY: Touchstone. Darwinism for the philosophically inclined. Dennett is one smart cookie. Highly recommended. Desowitz, R. Federal bodysnatchers and the New Guinea Virus: Tales of parasites, people and politics. Not nearly as good as his previouis book, Malaria Capers. Desowitz retains his eye for the ridiculous and his fine sense of outrage but there is not as much content in this book. There are, however, some interesting comments on the use of patents in tropical disease research.
The malaria capers: More tales of parasites and people, research and reality. All of the waste, fraud, and stupidity that we are aware of in safe little Canada is exaggerated on the international stage in the failed control of diseases like malaria and kala azar with results so cruel that the mind boggles. If there is a history of depression in your family, do not read this book. Desowitz is pissed off and pulls no punches.
A real interesting book but it sure paints a bleak picture. In addition to all of the incompetence, there are the inadvertent effects of almost any intervention imaginable. On the other hand, a book like this makes one appreciate what great luck we and our friends have had to date this and the Margulis book below show quite clearly that a plague of some sort is going to be the Malthusian agent that deals with the ridiculously large human population.
Child molestation and homicide are not really big deals in the grand scheme of things. Devine, R. I had planned to write a book on exotic species, entitled "Alien Invasions of North America. A thoroughly depressing book on alien invasions. There are a lot more foreign species introduced into habitats everywhere than I was aware of.
This phenomenon appears to be much more important in causing extinctions than I had thought. Diamond, J. Guns, germs, and steel: The fates of human societies. New York: Norton. This is a wide ranging and cogently argued book. The book takes an evolutionary selectionist perspective that accounts for the success of particular societies on the basis of geography.
Some of the ideas are similar to those proposed by Wilson to explain the success of animals and plants derived from large continents when in competition with those evolved on islands. We have been enslaved by such plants as wheat and rice to serve their reproductive purposes. The final third of the book is a little repetitious and a bit preachy, nevertheless an excellent read. Of course, Diamond does not demonstrate that there are no important intellectual differences among the varieties of humankind but does show, I think, that the differential success of societies can be explained on historical, ultimately, geographical grounds.
Reference: Morey, D. The early evolution of the domestic dog. American Scientist , 82, Dodwell, P. Brave new mind: A thoughtful inquiry into the nature and meaning of mental life. NY: Oxford University Press. His central thesis is that the implicit reductionist philosophical project of neuroscience is doomed to failure because of its logical incoherence.
Dodwell makes a good case using visual perception, the most advanced area of the neurosciences, as his principal example. He is most convincing when discussing how the predictions of a successful mathematical theory are its necessary deductive consequences. This work is not aimed at a lay readership. Draaisma, D. Why life speeds up as you get older: How memory shapes our past.
NY: Cambridge University Press. A charming set of informal historically oriented essays about memory. The book is translated from the Dutch and has a European feel to it. This book is concerned with the latter, in particular in explaining the reminiscence effect, first documented by Galton. The reminiscence effect is seen among people in their mid- to late fifties or older and consists of a bump in the quantity and quality of the memories they laid down in their late teens and early adulthood. In an engrossing chapter, Draaisma uses the autobiography of an eighty-year old Dutch schoolmaster, Willem van den Hull b.
This chapter is also a deeply touching essay on the human condition—you should read it. Dufresne, T. Against Freud: Critics talk back. Stanford University Press. Dufresne is a philosopher based at, of all places, Lakehead University in Thunder Bay. This little book is a series of interviews with the most prominent modern critics of Freudian theory, including Frank Sulloway who is now even more critical than he was when he wrote his book on Freud, Biologist of the mind and that ever most delightful professor of English, Frederick Crews read his Postmodern Pooh.
Only MacMillan, of the totally devastating Freud evaluated: The completed arc critique appears to be missing. This is a fun read, partly because there are some insiders included from the early days of psychoanalysis and partly because of the spontaneity engendered by the interview technique. It continues to amaze me that so many people bought into psychoanalysis.
Duncan, D. As the cover blurb asserts, this is an engaging little book. It turns out that it is harder to determine an accurate year than one would think. Editors of Linqua Franca. T he Sokal Hoax: The sham that shook the academy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Sokal subsequently revealed that he had duped the editors of Social Text with his article that comprised scientific nonsense, assertions supported only by appeals to modernist authority, unreadably dense prose, and so forth. There has been a great deal of controversy about this event and the remainder of the book captures this controversy by reprinting a variety of responses to the hoax.
Some of these are interesting but in all, they become a bit repetitive by the end of the book. Sexual orientation: Toward biological understanding. Westport, CT: Praeger. This book is the product of an interdisciplinary meeting held in Minot, North Dakota in The chapters are written for scientists and most present original research data in addition to reviews of the literature.
To my mind, the first chapter, Neuroendocrine foundations of diverse sexual phenotypes in fish by Matthew Grober, is the most interesting. Interesting because it documents the conservation of the mechanisms of neural sex differentiation over species from fish to primates and because it describes our understanding of the fascinating phenomenon of ontogenetic sex switching in certain species of fish. Very cool stuff. There is more disagreement about models of sexual differentiation in rat brain than I had thought. They have some challenging data on homosexual men that indicate they are more masculinized on cognitive variables than heterosexual men.
Evans, D. Introducing evolutionary psychology. Cambridge, U. An introduction to evolutionary psychology in pages of text and cartoons. The second author, Oscar Zarate, is an illustrator and graphic novelist. What can one say about a comic book introduction to evolutionary psychology? In particular, a comic book introduction that is published at the same time as a whole raft of serious books on the subject have appeared, including a weighty introductory textbook by David Buss. In this case, I think one has to say "well done!
The text is very simple, very clear, and deals exclusively with important topics and issues. It is remarkably free from error. My only serious complaint about the book is its construal of evolutionary psychology as the merging of cognitive science and evolutionary biology. The illustrations are generally apt. Most entertaining to people in the field will be the caricatures of many leading evolutionary biologists and psychologists. The caricatures are not flattering but all of them, with the exception of those of Martin Daly and Margot Wilson, are easily recognizable.
The authors have succeeded in producing a very short, entertaining, and accurate introduction to evolutionary psychology. The book would not stand on its own as a undergraduate university level text in evolutionary psychology but would be useful as a supplement to such a text or even as a supplement to an introductory psychology text.
More importantly, the book provides easy access to important and useful knowledge to a wide reading public outside of academe. The thesis of this book is an interesting one. We evolved in a very hot climate, hence standing erect, a first class sweating system, hairless body, but lots of hair on the head to insulate the brain.
In addition, our ancestors developed a more efficient manner of cooling the brain involving a very large occipital venous sinus visible in cranial endocasts that allowed the brain to grow larger. We now have a somewhat more complicated cooling system. The author seems to thrive on controversy and often seems like she has a bit of a chip on her shoulder.
Feduccia, A. The origin and evolution of birds. New Haven: Yale University Press. Believe that birds evolved from dinosaurs? That animals evolved wings to help them run the cursorial theory? Forget it even though the recent Chinese finds muddy the waters. Feduccia is a no nonsense, give me the facts kind of guy. This book is a portrayal of the broad sweep of vertebrate evolution through a detailed interpretation of both old fossil discoveries and the very many new finds. The fossil record is, of course, incomplete but it is truly remarkable how much is known and how much can be inferred.
Perhaps the most interesting part of the book is the discussion of the evolution of flightlessness and gigantism among island birds. Flightlessness involves a neotenous process and certain families of birds are more likely to become flightless because of the order in which structures develop in embryos if flight muscles and associated structures appear after structures vital for survival, the flight apparatus can easily be jettisoned by small changes in ontogenesis.
Emus and ostriches are, in a sense then, just "big chicks. There are some very strange facts. Among these, the eerie resemblance of the feeding filter apparatus of flamingoes and right whales produced by convergent evolution. This book, although fascinating, may be a little too detailed for some: "Right tarsus of the late Triassic Coelophysis with distal ends of tiba-fibula, fused astragalocalcaneum, and proximal ends of metatarsals Even if the ascending process of the astragalus was homologous with the ratites, it also matches with late theropods and the ornithischian Hypsilophodon.
Fiest, G. As indicated by the title, this book has two parts, the first is a plea for a new discipline, the psychology of science, and the second explores the origins of the scientific mind--where does the ability to do science originate? With respect to the first part, although one can debate the question of whether there should be a formal psychology of science to complement the extant major science studies disciplines of history, philosophy, and sociology, it is clear that psychology can make contributions to the selection and recruitment of successful scientists and to understanding the nature of scientific thinking.
There are, for example, instructive similarities in abilities, motivations, and training experiences among elite scientists, chess players, musicians, and athletes. In the second part, Fiest traces the origins of the scientific mind back through prehistory. Unfortunately, in so doing, the issue of the origin of the scientific mind gets swamped by a lengthy and sometimes speculative discussion of the origins of the mind per se.
The book ranges widely over different areas of psychology, the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and hominid evolution. In fact, the principal difficulty with this work is that the author has cast his net too widely in both sections, resulting in an unfocussed exposition that often reads like an introductory undergraduate survey text as opposed to a work designed for professional scientists and academics. Forsyth, A. A natural history of sex: The ecology and evolution of mating behavior. Vermont: Chapters. Very nicely written introduction for layfolk. Theoretically sound.
Gerhart, J. Cells, embryos, and evolution: Toward a cellular and developmental understanding of phenotypic variation and evolutionary adaptability. Malden Mass. Opening up the black box. It is insufficient to know that natural selection is the engine of evolution, one must know the mechanics of how it accomplishes evolutionary change. These mechanics have to be understood at both the cellular and developmental levels. This is a fine book. The authors summarize a phenomenal amount of recent research in a manner intelligible to those who have sufficient background.
I found it in places extremely difficult reading; not so much because the ideas were hard to grasp but rather the memory load that is occasioned by so much unfamiliar detail. This book, however, is very much worth the effort. I will definitely read it again when my brain feels less tired. Some structures are more evolvable than others for essentially chemical reasons.
The conservation of principles and even structures across a wide range of organisms is truly remarkable. This book explains why. One wonders what profound philosophical meaning resides in the observation that we share genes, not only with fruit flies and peas, but yeast. Gibson, G. The bedside book of birds: An avian miscellany. Toronto: Random House. This is an attractively produced book, meant to be kept at hand and perused from time to time. This is a breezy account of what academic psychology has to say about happiness.
I imagine Gilbert is a fabulous teacher, given the humour and clarity of this book. Although most of what is presented about how the brain works will be no surprise to cognitive psychologists, this body of work is put to very good use in showing how and why we are poor at anticipating correctly what will make our future selves happy. Imagining the future is even more problematic than accurately reconstructing the past and for some of the same reasons, for example, the difficulty in escaping the influence of the present.
After reading this book, I was struck once again by just how different the world is from what it appears to be—weird in a different sense than quantum mechanics but certainly not what I signed up for. Gilmore used to teach introductory psychology to enormous classes at the University of Toronto.
He became interested in the transmission of the cold virus toward the end of his career and wrote this book during his retirement. He presents some very interesting accounts of studies conducted at remote islands in various God-forsaken parts of the world and somewhat less interesting descriptions of natural and contrived experiments in England and North America. The book would be great if it ended with a definitive set of studies.
Alas, the transmission mechanism has not been conclusively demonstrated, giving the book an unsatisfying conclusion. Gilmore also ends with a bit of whining about the research priorities of funding agencies; going out with a whimper instead of a bang. Greaves, M. Cancer: The evolutionary legacy. Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Once cancer is conceptualized as an evolutionary process involving mutation and selection, the facts about it obediently fall into place. Such a view accounts for the differential likelihood of different tissues to become cancerous, the cycles of remission and metastasis, the effects of age and toxins, and so forth.
The occurrence of cancer is fundamentally related to the retention of primitive properties of propagation of certain cell lines inherited from single celled ancestors. The selfish success of these cells leads to the death of the commonwealth of cells. Greene, B. The elegant universe: Superstrings, hidden dimensions, and the quest for the ultimate theory. NY: Random House. Beautiful description of relativity—for a brief period I felt that I really understood it. Dimensions in Calabi-Yau shapes indeed. The quest for a theory of everything and the glimmers of success that have been had so far raise the perplexing question of how numbers relate to fundamental reality.
In any event, there is a lot that is completely beyond our ken multiple universes, the nature of the universe before the big bang and so forth. Grove, J. In defence of science: Science, technology, and politics in the modern world. University of Toronto Press.
A comforting book for beleaguered scientists. Very well written and erudite. This is the sort of book that humanities students should read. He presents a differentiation between science and technology that I have found useful in several contexts. Hauser, M. Wild minds: What animals really think. The book reviews some of the more recent experimental studies of animal cognition that use audio playback a la Cheney and formal experiments a la Premack and Hauser himself.
Heinrich, B. Mind of the raven: Investigations and adventures with wolf-birds. He thus has two of the three personal attributes needed by scientists who study ravens. An intense attraction to road kills also helps. Although this book is written for non-scientists, the theory is nevertheless pitched a little too low and slow. The state of knowledge of raven behavior and cognitive abilities is somewhat frustrating; one wishes we knew more and more definitively.
Nevertheless, the natural history aspects of the book make it well worth reading, particularly those involving the symbiotic relationship between wolves and ravens. Hellman, H. Great feuds in science: Ten of the liveliest disputes ever. This somewhat Richard Scarryishly titled book covers Urban the VIII vs Galileo on the heliocentric theory, Wallis versus Hobbes on geometrical method, Newton versus Leibnitz on the invention of the calculus, Voltaire vs Needham on spontaneous generation, Huxley versus Wilberforce on natural selection, Kelvin vs the geologists and biologists on the age of the earth, Cope versus Marsh on dinosaur evolution, Wegener vs everybody on continental drift, Johanson versus the Leakeys on hominid evolution, and Freeman vs Mead on nature vs nurture.
These disparate controversies are covered in less than small pages. Taken together, there are few morals to be drawn from these controversies. Some are simply priority disputes Newton vs Leibnitz and Cope vs Marsh , some in which one party is completely right and everyone else wrong e. Henry, C.
Long-term consequences of early environment: growth, development, and the lifespan developmental perspective. The title of this book aptly captures the theme of its 14 chapters. The editors' introduction is a very brief and accurate summary of the content of the remaining chapters. The first chapter examines human growth and development from an evolutionary perspective; a related chapter describes research on the determination of human sex ratios. Five of the chapters deal with the effects of early nutrition on later growth, examining such questions as whether children who are undernourished at various ages can "catch up" in growth if later nourished adequately.
Other chapters concern the development of human taste and smell preferences, the development of sexuality, and the relationship of puberty to fertility. The book concludes with R. Garruto's very interesting chapter on late onset neuro-degenerative disorders that compares amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism-dementia common in the Western Pacific with Alzheimer's disease.
To a reader outside the specialties represented in this book, three findings concerning the long-term consequences of early environment seemed of particular interest. The first, reported in A. Goodman's chapter Early life stresses and adult health: insights from dental enamel development, is that linear enamel hypoplasias can be used to study the longitudinal pattern of morbidity, mortality, and stress, not only in living populations, but also in past populations.
The teeth's memory of stress can thus provide information about the living conditions of ancient groups not otherwise attainable. Two surprising findings are described by D. Barker in The origins of coronary heart disease in early life. The first of these is that females conceived or born during a brief period of famine in Holland were of normal birth weight and achieved normal adult size but had small babies themselves.
The second is that homeostatic settings are established in response to in utero malnutrition that lead eventually to premature death from coronary heart disease. Overall, this book is, like most edited books, somewhat uneven in the quality of its chapters and, despite the unifying theme, quite diverse in content. However, the writing is clear enough to be accessible to nonspecialists and, as the examples above attest, there are some interesting long-term consequences of early environmental conditions.
Hixson, J. The patchwork mouse: Politics and intrigue in the campaign to conquer cancer. NY: Doubleday. This is a story about an infamous scientific fraud. William Summerlin claimed he could graft foreign tissues onto mice without them being rejected. Get this, he painted some white mice to make them appear as if they had black transplanted fur on them. Hixson tries to conclude that the pressure to get results and lax supervision of this fully grown MD is the culprit.
Well, maybe a little character weakness as well--it turns out that the good doctor had been suspected of fraudulent activities much earlier. So crimes may all be easy things done opportunistically but they are differentially likely to be committed by certain kinds of folks. Holmes, H. The secret life of dust: From the cosmos to the kitchen counter, the big consequences of little things.
Toronto, ON: Wiley. Hooper, E. A meticulously researched investigation of an iatrogenic hypothesis for the origin of the AIDS pandemic. Hooper attempts to show that the HIV retrovirus was introduced to people from chimpanzee kidneys used to produce polio vaccines in Africa in the 's.
Most of these individuals do not come across very well-of course, who could blame someone who may have been involved in the introduction of AIDS for being a little defensive. Producing vaccines turns out to be extremely risky and remains so today, despite technological improvements. An interesting side note: William Hamilton acted as a benefactor to this research and his African involvement ultimately led to his premature death.
Hrdy, S. The langurs of Abu: Female and male strategies of reproduction. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. When this book was written, infanticide by male langurs was little known and very controversial. Now, of course, both the practice, in species ranging from lions to grizzlies, and its explanation are known even to those who only watch nature shows on TV. How did the idea, a kind of a noble savage mythology, ever arise that animals were kindly social democrats?
Johnston, V. Why we feel: The science of human emotion. This book reads like it is from a very good set of lectures. The arguments are crystal clear and presented without distractions. Emotions are conceived of as exaggerated representations of likely changes in fitness that are tightly linked to motivations. Johnston presents some neat computer simulations to illustrate his points. Johnston reports better results with this technique than those produced with identikit drawings. Other interesting data come from a similar program on the web that for the user-guided evolution of beautiful faces.
Jones, S. Toronto: Doubleday. The work is competently executed in a somewhat odd style--a mix of laconic summary and quasi-nineteenth century exposition. Not a heavily referenced book and written for non-biologists.