While Keats mentions that no one can heal this change , Buffoni speaks of the subjective process of knowing sapere that no one can sanarlo. The Italian is more final, more desolate. This alliteration ties together the whole discourse, signalling the painful inexorability of time. Songs of Spring , published in , consists of 38 poets and poems, ordered chronologically 54 , drawn from poetic traditions as diverse as Dutch, French, Icelandic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Scottish, Spanish, and Swedish, though the vast majority are from English.
Other prominent poets represented are Wilde and Heaney with 8 poems, Coleridge and Spender with 7, and Byron and Kipling with 6 apiece. This is indeed rather an innovative practice for quaderni di traduzioni , which generally include complete poems, and not fragments. Within the volume itself, Buffoni creates certain intertextual echoes. Indeed, the image of eyes as mirrors in water reflects the very same intertextuality, where words mirror each other in books through time. Other examples of intertextual links within Songs of Spring are easily visible, as in the succession of Coleridge fragments about the moon, for example.
Songs of Spring contains two special examples of translation that I will focus on now. No other Italian poet in quaderni di traduzioni translates into dialect. Both renditions are more concise than the original, and if they both retain some of the original exuberant tone, are less markedly festive. Yet, proceeding onwards, the contrast between the two versions becomes great.
Moreover, if the Milanese speaks of narrating the dances of the past trascorso 72 year, the Italian speaks of the year that dies muore. So, if Buffoni in his Milanese translation concludes that there is nient de pussee bell 73 than the last days of the year an explicit statement absent from the original poem , this is completely removed from the Italian, as is the sensation of being together Insemma, inozent Rather, the Italian finishes the penultimate stanza with the premonitory come bambini che non si pensa a dopo 75 , much more threatening than the Milanese i fioeu [ Not having his own volume nearby, he retranslated them After an upbringing in Lombardy, where such a past tense is eschewed in oral speech, he has spent many years in Rome, where the passato remoto is often used.
The retranslation, then, is a more philologically cor rect translation, closer to the English, and more aesthetically pleasing besides. Perhaps this is owing to anxiety of influence, or simply to the English rhythm, which combined with its particular lightness of tone, is hard to get across into Italian. The English velocity is unmatchable. This is one of only two poems in the volume that directly deal with an Italian subject. Its special significance here, confirmed by Buffoni , placed at the end of the volume, resides in the classic Socratic metaphor of giving birth to works.
Una piccola tabaccheria , which was published in , includes 38 poets and 61 poems, but not ordered chronologically like the previous volume. By entitling his volume of translations in such a manner, Buffoni stresses the labor limae of writing. In his translation of Pound, Buffoni excises the two references to di vinities God and Venus other than Mercury. While keeping the important anaphora of O Mercury, patron of thieves, he eliminates repeated words like loose, little, bright , and profession , and adjectives like damned.
Buffoni renders more concise his Italian version. For instance, Pound uses 23 words in the final two verses of the first strophe, while Buffoni only In this quaderno , Larkin has the greatest amount of poems 6 , followed by Heaney, Shakespeare, and Eddy van Vliet with four. And once more, English poetry dom- inates the volume. One of them, the translation of Verlaine, will be examined here The subject is no longer a woman, but a man. The overall contrast between Songs of Spring and Una piccola tabaccheria is clear. The second, slimmed down from pages to , is a more cohesive quaderno di traduzioni.
Therefore, two particular criteria — poetics and friendship — determine the shift from the first to the second volume. In Una piccola tabaccheria , he describes links between his translations of 21 poets, sometimes with multiple connections, like Verlaine with Byron, Baudelaire, Pound, and Rimbaud , or Rimbaud himself with Verlaine and Wilde , or Heaney with Joyce and Neruda , or Spender with Verlaine and Juana de Ibarbourou Yet in the first quaderno , equivalent connections described by Buffoni are limited to only three out of the 38 poets Moreover, if 14 poets.
There are 7 poets in common between the first and the second quaderni di traduzioni : Auden, Byron, Heaney, Wilde, Feinstein, Shakespeare, and van Vliet. Shakespeare remains the outlier, who nevertheless remains a crucial poetic model, with his Sonnets , for the Italian poet-translator. Buffoni v. Here we will compare the translation practices of Buffoni with Mario Luzi. Luzi was an influential poet, as well as a translator of 11 works from French, English, and Spanish Translation and poetry were symbiotic for Luzi.
This is, of course, the same line of reasoning that Giovanni Giudici put forth for why he chose to translate from languages structurally different from Italian. So much so that at the end it is not clear who comes out the winner, or loser. Table 1. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner vv. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Franco Buffoni. Mario Luzi. We listened and looked sideways up! Noi ascoltavamo e scrutavamo intorno! Noi ascoltavamo e guardavamo fisso! Fear at my heart, as at a cup,. La paura nel cuore, mi sembrava,.
Al cuore come al fondo di una coppa. My life-blood seemed to sip! Stesse a succhiarmi il sangue! La paura attingeva tutto il sangue!
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- Translated works;
- Article excerpt.
The stars were dim, and thick the night,. Densa la notte con le stelle opache. Le stelle cupe, densa era la notte,. E bianco il viso del timoniere alla lanterna:. Il volto del nocchiero raggia esangue presso la sua lanterna;. From the sails the dew did drip —. Dalle vele la guazza cola lenta. Till clomb above the eastern bar. Ad un tratto si leva sopra a oriente. The horned Moon, with one bright star.
Una falce di luna, ed una stella. Col corno della luna una splendente. Risplende sulla punta, in basso. Stella vicino alla sua punta inferna. Poeti romantici inglesi , tr. Buffoni, Milano , p. Coleridge, Poesie e prose , tr. Luzi, Milano , p. Table 2. Come schiavo dinanzi al suo padrone. The ocean hath no blast;. His great bright eye most silently. Up to the moon is cast —. Fissa la luna silenziosamente If he may know which way to go;.
For she guides him smooth or grim. See, brother, see! How graciously. Ma guarda, fratello, guarda con che grazia. Vedi, fratello, vedi con che grazia. Buffoni, vol. Luzi inserts Coleridge not into contempo rary 20 th century Italian poetry, but earlier. For example, Luzi utilizes an exclusive and aulic poetic register with the following words drawn from the first passage: volto , raggia , esangue , stillare , and inferna.
He personifies the ocean, non respira , in line with high Italian poetic tradition. His free verse is studded with alliteration and assonance. One last point to be made: while Luzi was a novice Anglista , whose command of the language was very shaky, Buf- foni spent his academic career as a professor of English literature. Possibly the archaic clomb caused problems for Luzi. Yet, I would argue, it is in danger of becoming a period piece, due to its reliance on aulic diction and syntax, which by now sounds somewhat outdated.
The Italian reader must decide for himself whether he prefers his poet aged or not. Translation techniques. For instance, in e. Here, due to the idioms and obscene language, Buffoni both finds euphemisms and equiv- alent vulgar Italian expressions. This can naturally be explained by the closeness of Romance languages, French and Italian, as opposed to the differences separating Italian from a Germanic language like English. As is clear, his recourse to rhyme occurs especially to emphasize a specific message.
Buffoni, like Montale, frequently shortens the poem. Dio dorme. Una scintilla. You are fled! So, the Italian poet-translator eliminated both adjectives, cool and stern , as well as cheek. E alte, lunghe This forefronting of adjectives — solitaria and alte, lunghe — effectively refers to their substantives, the solitary sand, the surges of the Pacific. Setting off single words like this is analogous to enjambment: in fact, Buffoni often highlights words by enjambing them at the end of the verse, just as he does by ending a poem with them.
Both forefronting and enjambment alter the previous rhythm of the text and particularly display a new rhythm. Franco Buffoni is assuredly the most important Italian translator of modern English poetry His majestic anthology of English romantics will be read for generations to come it has already been reprinted several times. He has also been a leader in advancing new theoretical approaches to translation in Italy, through his important critical essays, his editorship of Testo a Fronte and the mutiple series of poetry for Marcos y Marcos , and conference organizer. What brings together the different activities of his life — poet, critic, and translator — is the concentration on the written text and its diverse formulations in numerous languages.
This threefold aspect of his personality poet, critic, and translator , which Pier Vincenzo Mengaldo has elsewhere cited as the distinctive mark of modern Italian poets, indubitably enriches each of his individual vocations. Perhaps most vitally, he has insisted on claiming authorial status for poetic translations that are not free imitations or adaptations, but philologically accurate poetic representations. Brevini, Nota introduttiva , to F. Buffoni, Adidas , p. Buffoni, I tre desideri , v. Buffoni, Quaranta a Quindici , v.
Buffoni, Scuola di Atene, v. Buffoni, Roma, Parma 8 F. Buffoni, Il Profilo del Rosa , v. Buffoni, Theios, v. Buffoni, Del maestro in bottega, Rome Cortellessa, Motivazione del premio Maria Marino Buffoni, Guerra , v. Buffoni, Noi e loro , v. Buffoni, Roma , v. Buffoni, Riflessioni sul fare poetico , p. Keats, Sonno e poesia , tr. Buffoni , Milano Gordon Byron, Manfred , tr. Silent Echoes - Collection I. Pure Paper. February 3 - March West Palm Beach, FL. November 18 - January 28, Bittersweet: The Chocolate Show. September 1 - November Kasama Nichido Museum of Art.
Kasama, Ibaraki, Japan. August 31 - November On the Mark: Contemporary Works on Paper. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland. July 3 - September Traveling Exhibition - Various American Institutions.
Table of contents
La Mirada. Fotografien und Videos aus der Daros Latinamerica Collection. Museum der Moderne Rupertinum, Salzburg, Austria. October 30 - January 16, September 11, - April 10, The Record: Contemporary Art and Vinyl. September 2 - February 6, Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona. July 17 - October Elizabeth Leach Gallery, Portland, Oregon. May 27 - July Xippas Gallery, Athens, Greece. April 29 - June Gabinete Blanco. April 17 - September 5. Who Are You Close To. March 6 - April Serious Play with Canonical Art. February 8 - March January 10 - February November 5 - January 31, October 15 - December Exquisite Corpse.
Ormeau Baths Gallery, Belfast, Ireland. October 15 - November Surface Tension: Contemporary Photographs from the Collection. May 15 - September October 29 - January 23, July May 16 - August May 13 - October 4. March 5 - May November 1 - 3. September 20 - March 29, May 23 - October November 5 - February 9, Kumukumu Gallery. October 23 - November Untitled Vicarious Photographing the Constructed Object. Gagosian Gallery. September 18 - December Geografias in visibles. Forgetting Velazquez. Las Meninas, Museu Picasso. Barcelona, Spain. Zurich, Switzerland. March September 7. Paul Getty Museum.
Los Angeles, California. March 10 - August February 29 - June 1. Atlanta, GA. February 9 - May 4. Slightly Unbalanced. Yates Gallery and Exhibit Hall. Chicago Cultural Center.
Poesie by Thomas Dylan
January 26 - April January 24 - April Self and Other: Portraits from Asia and Europe. The National Museum of Art, Osaka. Osaka, Japan. September - March London, UK. December Contemporary, Cool, and Collected, Mint Museum. Charlotte, North Carolina. October 20 - December Viva La Muerte! October 17 - February 17, October 6 - December Hachioji, Japan. Graz, Austria. September 22 -November September 21 - January 6, Greensboro, North Carolina.
June 22 - September 21, September 17 - May 13, September 14 - New York City, NY. September 1 - October 6. San Jose, California. July 30 - September 9. Hiroshima, Japan. July 14 - September 2. Bochum, Germany. June 2-September 2. Cuerpo y Mirada. Into Me, Out of Me. April 21 - September Phoenix, Arizona. April 14 - June Ibaraki, Japan. Timer: Intimacy, Triennale di Milano. Chicago, Illinois. February 24 - July January 24 - March 1. January 20 - April Right to Print: Segura Publishing Company. September 29 - December November 26 - February The City, the Body and the Machine.
Modern Photographs - the Machine, the Body and the City, pp. Published by Miami Art Museum on the occasion of the exhibition with the same title. November 17 - February 24, Fatamorgana: Illusion and Deception in Contemporary Art. Haifa Museum of Art, Israel. November 25 - May 12, October 29 - January 14, Norton Museum of Art. October January 7, Palm Beach, Florida. September 21 - January 7, Fondation Marguerite et Aime Maeght. Saint-Paul, France. June 30 - November 5. Football et Art Contemporain. Echirolles, France.
June 7 - October July 8 - October June 21 - September Cryptozoology: Out of Time Place Scale. Bates College Museum of Art. Lewiston, Maine. June 23 - October. Roebling Hall, Chelsea, New York. June 3 - August Joy Pop! Pop Art 's- 's. From the selection of the Misumi Collection. July 8 - September 3. Transformer: A traveling exhibition of contemporary artworks from the West Collection. April 1 - May 3. Certain Encounters Daros Latinamerica Collection.
Vancouver, BC, Canada. April 7 - June 4. Danzinger Projects, NY. January 27 - March 4.
Hollywood Boulevard. January 19 - April 3. Contemporary American Art and Mass Culture. University of Virginia Art Museum. Charlottesville, VA. September 1 - October Connected -Unconnected. Leitrim, Ireland. March 13 - April. Visitonair 47 Taste. Visionaire Gallery, New York. January 3 - March 3. Beautiful Suffering: Photography and the Traffic in Pain. January 28 - April Eretica: Trascendenza e profano nell'arte contemporanea. August 1 - September Tate Liverpool. October 15 - April 23, Ongoing: Carl Andre to Vik Muniz.
Gaain Gallery. Seoul, Korea. December 12 - February 12, Vik Muniz nelle collezioni italiane. November 29 -January 12, Tottori Prefectural Museum, Japan. November 19 - December May - July Selection of the Daros Collection. October 5 - January 15, Toulon, France. June 18 - September 4. Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, Korea. July 6 - Whitney Museum of American Art. July 1 - September January 29 - May Main Line Collects: Distinctive Choices.
March April Thomas Jr. North Carolina Museum of Art. North Carolina. April 3 - July Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem. Arnhem, The Netherlands. March 5 - July Cloud Images. Aargauer Kunsthaus. Aarau, Switzerland. February 26 - May 8. February 18 - March January 22 - April Material Matters.
Italian Academies and Their Networks, 1525–1700
Herbert F. January 22 - March Cardi Gallery, Milan. November November 25 - February 28, Retratos: 2, Years of Latin American Portraits. Encounters in the 21st Century. October - March About Face: Photographic Portraits from the Collection. October 9 - January 16, December 10 - January 30, August 5 - October Kunstmuseum Thun, Thun, Switzerland. The Cobweb. The Collection. So Fresh, So Cool! June September Artist's Favorites: Act II.
July 30 - September 5. On Side. Centro de Artes Visuais. February 27 - April Open House. Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York. April 16 - August Hair: Untangling a Social History. Saratoga Springs, NY. January 31 - June 6. Home Sweet Home. Cardi Gallery, Milan, Italy. April 8. Supernova: Art of the s from the Logan Collection.
December 13 - May 23, Pour de Vrai? Chateau Boisbonnard. Villeperdue, France. October 18 - December Athens, Greece. October 22 - January 25, A Nova Geometria. November 28 - December Panorama de Arte Brasileira. September 27 - January 4, Corpus Christi: Photographic Representations of Christ, International House of Photography at the Deichtorhallen, Hamburg. December 19 - April 12, Regarding War. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. July - October July 17 - August Hot Summer in the City. July 10 - August August 8 - October June 1- October Institute of Contemporary Art.
University of Pennsylvania. May 3 - July Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D. April 12 - July April 5 - June March 12 - May 3. Finesilver Gallery, San Antonio, Texas. February 27 - April 5. Last Supper. January 29 - April 6. New York State Museum in Albany. December March 23, November 16 -December 8. Attack: Attraction. Marcel Sitcoske Gallery.
December 5 - January 31, October - January August 29 - September Summer Group Show. July 11 - August Good News, Cardi Gallery, Milan. June 5 - July Moving Pictures, Solomon R. Wexner Center for the Arts. Columbus, Ohio. April 28 - June June 6 - November 4. Group Show. Bruit de fond. Luci in Galleria: da Warhol al Palazzo Cavour, Turin, Italy.
October 6 - January 14, Projecto Mnemosyne: Encontros de Fotografia. The Quiet of the Land. Museu de Arte Moderna, Salvador, Brazil. Deslocamentos do Feminino. The Museum as Muse: Artists Reflect. March June 1. New York Studio Events March Urban Cannibal. September 12 - October Double Trouble, the Patchett Collection. Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany. Das Mass der Dinge. The Cottingley Fairies and Other Apparitions. La Collection II.
Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, Paris, France. Internality Externality. New Photography October 24, January 13, New York. New Faces and Other Recent Acquisitions. Une Fleur des Photographes: L'Arum. One-Line Drawing. Artistes Latino-Americains. Daniel Templon, Paris, France. Ut Scientia Pictura. Wesenchau: Disingenuous Images. The Subverted Object. October January 4, Recent Acquisitions.
- The Fragments of Ennius' Scenic Scripts - Persée.
- The Complete Idiots Guide to Wicca and Witchcraft, 3rd Edition (Idiots Guides).
- Bibliography of Italian Studies in North America.
- Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures;
- Rock Climbing Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland, 2nd (State Rock Climbing Series)!
- Edited By Tamara Alvarez-Detrell and Michael G. Paulson.
- Suspense Magazine December 2012.
- La poesia di Franco Buffoni.
- Poesie by Seferis Giorgio.
- The Consumer Society (Frontier Issues in Economic Thought)?
- Hire Amazing Employees.
- Semicerchio - Rivista di poesia comparata;
Some Assembly Required. Shadow Play. Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Collection in Context: Selected contemporary photographs of hands from the collection of Henry Mendelssohn Buhl. Curated by Marianne Courville. Kuhn Library and Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland. Changing Perspectives. Contemporary Art Museum, Houston, Texas. The Photographic Condition. The Cultured Tourist. Projeto 95 - Vik Muniz. April 5 - March 2 - April 1. February 23 - April 8. Single Cell Creatures. Gallerie Martina Detterer, Frankfurt, Germany.
The Alternative Eye: Photography for the '90s. Southern Alleghenies Museum, Loreto, Pennsylvania. Time to Time. Museo d'Arte Moderna, Bolzano, Italy. Pallazzo della Regione, Bergamo, Italy. Life Size: Small, Medium, Large. Selected Passages.
Galerie Jousse Seguin, Paris, France. June July Les Enfants Terribles. Gallery Artists. Theoretically Yours. Real Art Ways, Hartford, Connecticut. September 6-October 5. The Encompassing Eye, Photography as Drawing. The Neighborhood. Anni Novanta. Real Fake. Outside America. Fay Gold Gallery, Atlanta, Georgia. The Fetish of Knowledge. October November Constructed Illusion. Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. On the Edge Between Sculpture and Photography. January 31 - February De Rozeboomkamer. Beeldenroute Foundation, Diepenheim, Holland. Galerie Schuppenhauer, Cologne, West Germany.
December 1, - February 16, Artist's Choice: Vik Muniz, Rebus. December 11, - February 23, March 4 - April 9, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan. November 22, - January 12, June 26 - July 25, February - March, Making it Real. Catalogue ed. Independent Incorporated, NY. Art in Brooklyn.
Mixed Green Productions 54 min. Director and Producer: Anne-Marie Russel. Minas Gerais, Brazil, April Mayakovsky after Rodchencko. Pictures of caviar. Abreu, Gilberto de. March 23, Adams, Parveen. Aguilar, Nelson. Albin, Michael, Ed. Thread Waxing Space. Allen, Kathleen. Vision, June 24, P Alleti, Vince. Allis, Charles. Crazy Art, olo editions, September Amorim, Claudia.
O Globo. January 23, Anderson-Spivy, Alexandra. ArtNet Magazine. October 9. Angerame, Nicola Davide. Turin, Italy, Anton, Saul. May Antunes, Camila. Selection of poems by Ana Vidal; coordinated by Renata Lima. Arrouye Jean. Art and Photography, p. June 16, Auping, Michael. Modern Art Museum of Forth Worth , p. Third Millennium Information Ltd. Bal, Mieke.
Beautiful Suffering: Phtograpy and the Traffic in Pain. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, Baker, Kenneth. The Village Voice. September 23, Baker, R.
Vic Muniz | Artist Index | Janet Lehr Fine Arts
December 31, Banu, Georges. Barbieri Jr. January 26, , p. Barilli, Renato. Anni Novanta, exhibition catalogue essay, Barro, David. November 12, Bardini, Thierry. Bartolucci, Marisa. Battista, Kathy. Istanbul, Turkey. Gabler Verlag. Benedict-Jones, Linda. Interview with Vik Muniz, Pittsburgh. February Benson, Elizabeth P. Retratos: 2, years of Latin American portraits, p. Yale University Press, Berwick, Carly. Bevins, Vincent.
June 9, Binkley, Christina. June 14, Birnbaum, Daniel. Blanc, p. Bland, Eleanor Taylor. Done Wrong, p. Martin's Press. Blind Spot, 10 Year Anniversary, Issue Bohm-Duchen, Monica. The Private Life of a Masterpiece, p. University of California Press, California. Boisvert, Julie. Boivin, Jean-Marc. June 17, Bonetti, David. Bright, Susan. Art Photography Now. London, United Kingdom. Busuttil-Cesar, Stephanie, ed.
Cahill, Timothy. December 17, Calas, Terrington. November-December Campany, David, Ed. Art and Photography, pp. Phaidon Press. Candia, Mario de. September 25, Cantillo, Luis. Villega Editores, , Colombia. Cantz, Hatje. Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfidern, Germany. Carbonell, Bettina Messias. Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts, p.
Blackwell Publishing. Carver, Antonia. Blink: Photographers, Curators, Writers. Castro, Fernando. Celant, Germano. April 19, Electa, Rome, Italy. September Cereceda, Miguel. January , p. Chagas, Tonica. January 27, May 28, September 5, Cork, M. Breaking Down the Barriers: Art in the s, p. Yale University Press, NY. France, Exhibition catalogue for Vik Muniz: Equivalents. Ponte Pietra Gallery. Verona, Italy, October Contemporary Cool and Collected. Catalogue for the exhibition at the Tottori Prefectural Museum, Japan. November 19 - December 25, Cotter, Holland.