It took rolls of grass to cover the infield and was laid in March The stadium's 80, seats had a black and white 'fragment' theme that matched the overall branding design used by LOCOG for London The lines all centred on the finish line in the stadium. Individual "paddles" containing nine LED pixels each were installed between each seat of the stadium, which were controlled via a central system to display video content wrapped around the stadium.
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The system was primarily intended for use during the ceremonies of the Olympics and Paralympics — over 70 minutes of animated content were used during the Olympics' opening ceremony. The red Mondo metre athletics track used for the London games was laid in August , possessed nine lanes, and was It used two vulcanised rubber layers, one of which was a cushioning underside with elongated diamond-shaped cells, which allowed them to flex in any direction.
Some of the original running track from mainly the home straight was kept so that it could be sold and auctioned to the public, thereby raising money to reinvest into operating the stadium and its neighbouring community track. The stadium design received a mixed response from the media, with reviews ranging from "magnificent" to a "bowl of blancmange ". For example, Ellis Woodman, Building Design ' s architecture critic, said of the design: "The principle of it being dismountable is most welcome But while that's an achievement, it's not an architectural achievement.
In design terms what we're looking at is pretty underwhelming. Amanda Baillieu writing in Building Design challenged the designer's claims that the stadium is environmentally sustainable and good value for money. Instead, it is asserted that the reality will be the opposite. In particular, she claimed that:.
This "island" site for the stadium lies at the southern end of the Olympic Park. Dennis Hone, chief executive of the LLDC, revealed in November that the stadium would not meet its reopening deadline of Instead the stadium would reopen in August with the stadium retaining a capacity of around 50, for athletics. The reconfiguration saw work on a new roof, corporate areas, toilets, concessions and retractable seating. Work commenced on 13 August with the removal of 25, seats and the grass from the field of play. As the floodlight work began, work on a steel halo structure that encircles the stadium, containing 96 turnstiles, catering and toilet facilities, concluded.
The black and white seating design from the Olympics, was replaced with a white, blue and claret design.
The new design includes West Ham's name on the East Kop Stand and symbolic crossed hammers on all lower tier stands, and the retention of the shard design on the upper tier, albeit in new colouring to match the Stadium's anchor tenant. Following the demolition of the warm up track and to comply with IAAF rules requiring a warm up track at Construction Category 1 facilities, a new 6 lane community track 8 lanes on the straights has been created immediately adjacent to the south of the Olympic Stadium.
The track will be home to Newham and Essex Beagles Athletic Club from and will be open for around days of the year. Niamh Clarke-Willis, a nine-year-old, was chosen to open the stadium ceremonially. The stadium hosted both the opening and closing ceremonies at the Olympic Games. The stadium also hosted both the opening and closing ceremonies of the Paralympic Games.
The decision on how to use the stadium after the Olympics went through two rounds of bidding: the first was rejected [ by whom? The Olympic Park Legacy Company OPLC set five criteria: that the new tenant should produce a viable long-term solution that provided value for money, secured a partner with the expertise to operate a legacy solution [ clarification needed ] , reopened the stadium as quickly as possible, made the stadium a distinctive physical symbol that supported regeneration, and allowed flexible usage.
It ran until 30 September, after which the OPLC drew up a shortlist, with a view to selecting a tenant by the end of the financial year 31 March On 12 November , it was announced that two bids had been shortlisted for the stadium post-Olympics. The legacy plan for the stadium had involved converting it into a 25, to 30,seat athletics stadium with a sports training, science and medicine centre after the Paralympics.
Media reports, however, suggested that several potential tenants were interested in moving to the stadium after the games. These joint bidders had each separately expressed interest in the venue, but submitted a joint bid. The club had plans to build a new stadium adjacent to their current stadium as part of the Northumberland Development Project , but the planning application and funding were proving difficult, making the Olympic Stadium a viable option. After the acquisition of West Ham United in by David Gold and David Sullivan , the new owners expressed their desire to make the stadium the club's new home.
With Boris Johnson expressing his desire for a football team to take over the stadium after the Olympics and Paralympics, this seemed the most likely option. They claimed that West Ham's plans could force them into bankruptcy. Tottenham Hotspur F. Knight had already declared to the OPLC that she was in a personal relationship with a director of West Ham United, and was suspended whilst a possible conflict of interest was investigated.
Tottenham and Leyton Orient won a review of the decision, being told that they had an arguable case. Even if Tottenham abandoned the review, due to being granted a new stadium as part of their Northumberland Development Project , Orient were expected to continue, with its owner Barry Hearn calling the decision to grant a review "a great day for the little man". Once the original deal collapsed a new process to select a tenant was begun.
The athletics legacy clause was clarified to ensure that a track remained in the stadium. On 18 October, Leyton Orient submitted an application to the Football League for permission for a move to the stadium. Chairman Barry Hearn said, "We are asking for a 25,seater stadium and we want to see if we can get around the athletics track.
It has to stay, we know that. But can we build up, if not down, and see if it's possible to get it covered while we play? In February , 16 parties were interested in the stadium. Johnson took on the chairmanship of the co-operation himself. In December , West Ham were named as the preferred bidder for the stadium with a separate operator co-ordinating community and sporting use, as well as concerts and events.
They additionally promised to pay back any extra cost for the roof and seats within ten years. Hearn also said he felt Leyton Orient's proposed ground share had been ignored and not properly explored. Orient, however, would not be able to negotiate a year deal like West Ham and would only have usage of the stadium when the Hammers are not playing. Supporters of various rival clubs pressed for an inquiry into the LLDC's granting of West Ham's tenancy, arguing that West Ham were being given an unfair advantage by the arrangement. However, in September the government rejected holding such an inquiry.
West Ham's annual rent was not revealed as this was seen to be commercially sensitive information. Barry Hearn described the deal as one his dog could have bettered. E20 and West Ham became embroiled in a protracted legal dispute in the High Court as to which elements of service were included in the annual payments under the year lease, and which elements might be expected to involve an additional regular facility fee with particular reference to West Ham wishing to replace the covering to the athletics track with one in club colours ; and E20 refused to open discussions on allowing the usable capacity of the stadium to increase to its full potential of seats unless these disputes were resolved to their satisfaction.
The company which already operates several other stadiums, including the Stade de France in Paris, had reportedly beaten off competition from other companies including Anschutz Entertainment Group who run The O 2. The company will also be responsible for the London Marathon Charitable Trust Community Track and events on the south park lawn. This is the first stadium outside France to be managed by Vinci. Although West Ham United are the primary tenants, the stadium operators arrange many other events for the stadium.
Charles Sale reported in the Daily Mail during December that the London Legacy Development Corporation were keen to take financial advantage by hosting events in the stadium due to the work to convert the stadium not starting until autumn The London Grand Prix was scheduled to move permanently to the stadium in However, due to the Rugby World Cup taking place in the stadium, using the original seating configuration, the opportunity came to move the Grand Prix to the stadium a year early, again under the name of the Anniversary Games.
The Muller Anniversary Games, the fourth anniversary event, took place in the stadium on 22—23 July The London meet is the only Diamond League meeting to date to span two consecutive days. The Muller Anniversary Games returned to a two-day event on its typical weekend of 21—22 July.
However, the stadium had to withdraw their bid due to uncertainties arising out of the timing of the announcement of who would operate the stadium after the Olympics, thus gifting Beijing the championships. The World Para Athletics Championships were held between 14—23 July , with , tickets available across 16 sessions.
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The event was held on 14 and 15 July. At the beginning of the —17 season, West Ham's games were marred by instances of crowd trouble. Against Bournemouth on 21 August some fans arrived with tickets for seats that did not exist. Fighting also occurred between rival supporters outside the stadium.
On 1 October , against Middlesbrough three people were arrested as violent clashes occurred. Seven people were arrested as police introduced a ban on the sale of alcohol. Plastic bottles, seats and coins were thrown during West Ham's 2—1 victory. Hundreds of supporters clashed and riot police entered the concourse. There were four pitch invasions and Sullivan was escorted from his seat before the end of the match.
Several people who had thrown coins and other objects were also given lifetime bans. Investigation had revealed that over a dozen fights had broken out in the ground between West Ham supporters and that 26 people had attempted to invade the pitch with twenty-two being stopped by stewards. There were separate incidents, including 50 public order offences and 40 assaults.
CCTV footage shows a co-ordinated move by a known group of individuals towards the directors' box. In May it was announced that the Essex Eagles had agreed a deal in principle to play Twenty20 cricket matches at the stadium. However, the venue was not included in the final fixtures list.
East End of London
After investigation it was discovered that the stadium's capacity would decrease by 30, after they turned the facilities to a north-south alignment. On 8 May , Major League Baseball announced a two-year deal to host a series of baseball games at London Stadium in and In its baseball configuration, the stadium will have a capacity of 66,;  plans were prepared to adjust the stadium's seating to emulate the "intimate" experience and amenities of American baseball stadiums , as well as constructing larger locker rooms akin to the clubhouses of U.
A new playing surface will be overlaid on top of the stadium's existing grass. In November the stadium hosted the Race of Champions event. It was the first occasion since that Great Britain hosted the event, with Wembley Stadium last staging the contest in The first rugby league match at the stadium was played between England and New Zealand on 7 November , in front of 44, spectators. The match was the second test of a three-test series between the sides.
On 2 May , it was officially announced that the Olympic Stadium was due to host four Pool matches during the World Cup and the Bronze final. The match featured the first ever game between the invitational Barbarians side and Samoa. The game was delayed when pitch sprinklers came on during the first half. At fixture launch on 7 July , it was announced that Saracens would host their annual Derby Day clash against Harlequins at the London Stadium on 24 March This was the first time since that this fixture did not take place at Wembley. The stadium is located in the south of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
Stratford and Stratford International railway stations are the main stations nearest to the Olympic Park, and are roughly a minute walk to the stadium. From the stadium will be served by Crossrail. Travellers by car are advised to use the public car parks at Westfield Stratford City , Stratford International station and the Stratford Centre. The following routes serve the London Stadium directly:  . A further 17 services use Stratford bus station and Stratford City bus station , which offer a network of services across East London.
In addition, route 25 from City Thameslink serves Central London. National Express coach services to Stratford bus station provide a direct connection to Stansted Airport  and several other routes to Essex and East Anglia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. View of the stadium from the Orbit tower in July Lighting paddle which was connected to every seat left and what it can create right.
Further information: Rugby World Cup. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. West Ham United F.
London Stadium. Retrieved 5 May BBC News. Concealed artfully in this brutalist marvel is the second biggest conservatory in the city. A tranquil and photogenic pocket of London just north of Paddington, which is known for picturesque waterways and narrowboats. Home to a community of boat-dwelling Londoners, Little Venice is a special spot. Open from May until late September, the summer pop-up plays host to hundreds who mob the bar for Italian cocktails and tasty small plates.
They keep it simple, with big open-air spaces and festival-style facilities, as well as free art and sculpture exhibitions.
Be assured that a nation obsessed with the weather plans for everything — blankets, heaters and hot cocktails will make an appearance as the temperature drops. End of story. For other shows, last-minute tickets from the Leicester Square ticket booths are usually your best bet for a bargain.
The Palace of Westminster is a wonderful mish-mash of architectural styles, dominated by neo-gothic buttresses, towers and arches. It contains 1, rooms, 11 courtyards, eight bars and six restaurants, for use by staff, MPs, lords and their guests. Members of the public are welcome, too. You can even have afternoon tea at the end of your tour in a room beside the Thames. Every place on Earth is measured in terms of its angle east or west from this line, which runs across the courtyard of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich.
The Astronomy Centre on the south site contains the free-entry Weller Astronomy Galleries, where visitors can marvel at a 4. A magnificently gothic, overgrown, 53,grave cemetery housing , dead in north London. Today, you can go and witness it in all its crumbling glory.
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Ever since opening in London Bridge in it has been nearly impossible to get a table without queuing first. The capital is heaving with Harry Potter hotspots. Or drink butterbeer. Or wander in the Forbidden Forest. Or pose in the Great Hall. Or window-shop on Diagon Alley. A whole lot of neon artwork on display at a salvage yard in Walthamstow.
Its late owner, artist Chris Bracey, collected neon signs over a period of 37 years, as well as crafting and restoring them. It serves cake and hot drinks, or something a bit stronger if you so desire. Beigel Bake allegedly churns out 7, of the boiled bready beauties a day! Much like the fast-paced delis in New York, Beigel Bake offers fairly brusque service. It lifts up in the middle when large vessels are passing underneath lift times are available on its website and it gained a daring glass floor on the high walkways in , allowing visitors to look straight down to the road and river 42 metres below.
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A seven-film Disney pyjama party? Or six classic horror movies back-to-back? Expect to queue for your food and hustle for a place at communal tables. Not a quiet night out then, but definitely a delicious one. London is teeming with exciting places to eat vegan right now, but one of our faves is Club Mexicana at Dinerama. Its to-fish tacos are out of this world. While everyone knows about the London Underground, the Mail Rail was shrouded in secrecy until recently.
As you do. We consider a good hurtle down the slide all the way to the ground a pretty thrilling experience. The fragrance is fantastic throughout the year, but visit in early June to see the blooms at their best. Not just good — in our opinion, this atmospheric Covent Garden joint is the very best eatery in London. Its menu gallivants down the eponymous North African Barbary Coast running from Morocco to Libya, atlas fans , with all the smoky, meaty, gutsy fare that encompasses.
Think you know London inside-out? Think again. A trip to the Museum of London will make you see the city in a whole new light. Discover what was here before it was even Londinium, or reignite your understanding of the Great Fire of , before honing in on the revolutions, innovations and trends that turned us into a global metropolis. Think restaurants, bars, a bowling alley, a cinema, an Oxygen Freejumping trampoline park and new outlet shopping centre Icon. Our fave place to make our brunch bottomless is Bad Egg, an idiosyncratic spot in the brutalist shadow of the Barbican.
These after-hours adventures, with tales of paranormal activity and regal apparitions, are frighteningly good. Browse the weird and wonderful products in supermarkets such as See Woo, pop into Chinatown Bakery for a cheap, delicious lunch or end your night out with a meal in Four Seasons, a Wardour Street restaurant that stays open until 4am. A good old-fashioned caff. Traces of bygone eras, like art deco interior details and Formica tables have earned E Pellicci Grade II-listed status, but what diners love best is that the fry-ups, grills and Italian plates are still all dished up by the same family.
For a good old wander down memory lane. Favourites include coin-operated vintage automata and old-school trains chuffing around tracks, dressing-up gear, a nightclub-like baby sensory pod, plus free events and craft activities galore. It receives copies of every publication produced in the UK and Ireland.
The park is also home to a remarkable hidden treasure: a traditionally designed Japanese garden. Visit the garden in autumn to catch it at its vibrant best. The Proms are an eight-week summer season of orchestral concerts held inside iconic, circular concert venue the Royal Albert Hall. Founded in , the Proms are a quintessential London tradition.
For each concert there are about 1, cheap standing tickets, but if you want to wave your Union Jack flags at the famously rousing Last Night, apply by ballot online from mid-spring. Medical research charity the Wellcome Trust created its free-to-visit gallery on the Euston Road to help foster a wider appreciation and understanding of medicine. The permanent collections include an image library so you can see X-rays from over years ago. Jane Eastham. International Tourism. Yvette Reisinger. Tourism Supply Chain Management.
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