The narrativization of China in Italian travelogues from the fascist ventennio was part of a widespread discursive practice operated by Italian intellectuals willing to subscribe to, and actively disseminate the guiding principles of fascism. The present paper provides for a comparative analysis of the most representative travelogues on China written during the fascist Ventennio.
It aims at pointing out that the fascist representation of China resulted from a dichotomic process of Self-Identification, implying the theorisation of China as the Other through its difference from the Fascist Self. Secondly, it describes the functional construction of distance and alterity as an omnipresent discursive device for the representation of China.
Thirdly, it outlines the process of obliteration of the fascist representation of China in favour of a positive representation of post-revolutionary China.
Non dirmi che hai paura is examined through what Catozzella considers the two constitutive dimensions of the novel: documentation and identification. In particular, I will compare the representation of Somalia that is present in the book with that which is depicted in historical and socio-political essays about Somalia during and after the Civil War. My paper will also analyse the representation of the Olympic games as seen from the first-person and homodiegetic narrator of the story in light of the protests for more diversity in international sports events.
The paper also argues that the main character of this novel is depicted as a heroine and a role model for the emancipation of Muslim women. Although showing the atrocities of the borders of Fortress Europe, Non dirmi che hai paura depicts Somalia as an amorphous background for a tragic story, rather than addressing the specific cultural, linguistic and historical issues that are specific to the Somali context.
Although very different from Orientalist literature, this novel creates a similar dichotomic distinction between European and African countries. A critical reading of these performances reveals that Passione perpetuates and interrogates Italian colonialisms in particular ways. Insomma, si assume una prospettiva teorica che invece del conflitto e del cinismo, propone orizzonti di speranza Arendt.
Come la letteratura, anche il corpo e il genere sono caratterizzati da continue transizioni e trasformazioni, viaggi epici intrapresi attraverso continenti e tradotti sulla carta. But where did they disappear to? The text follows the incredible life of protagonist Isabella Marincola as she criss-crosses between Italy and Somalia in an effort to escape violence, persecution and hardship. On her multiple journeys between Empire and colony Isabella carries a select few items.
Notably, these include photographs and a doll curiously called Timira , her Somali name. While these trinkets appear prosaic they are in fact suffused with memories. It goes on to contrast these objects that act as traces of the colonial past with the lack of official monuments in Italy dedicated to the victims of colonisation. It interrogates how these objects serve to establish a dialogue between the reader and the past, and questions what these objects mean for a contemporary Italian audience. Il Bianco e il Nero: representation of female characters in contemporary Italian Cinema.
The Italian colonial aggression in Africa was accompanied by the elaboration of a colonial imaginary, however, after the Second World War and the fall of Fascism, Africa virtually disappeared from public representation. On 26 January , a group of young Indigenous activists established the Aboriginal Tent Embassy on the lawn of the Australian parliament in Canberra. What started as nothing more than a beach umbrella and a bunch of chairs soon became a permanent camp and the political centre of Indigenous land rights activism in Australia.
While many Australian TV channels covered the rallies and the protests that sparkled from the Embassy, it was an Italian filmmaker that directed the only documentary that framed the protests from the point of view of the Indigenous activists. The hard question to answer in this novel is: Why, after years of keeping his sexuality under wraps would he give everything up for the likes of Deliliers? Surely a man as clever as Fadigati could see what was going on?
Nor should we look for one: there are no reasons for unreasonable things. To compare homophobia and anti-Semitism in this way also raises issues because Fadigati freely chooses his partner despite knowing at least subconsciously—how could he not? No one chooses to be born an anti-Semite or a homophobe either but they often do choose or are pressed into choosing to become one or both later in life. It does, however, have much in common with it. First of all, the book has the same wistfully melancholic, nostalgic tone.
While The Garden of the Finzi-Continis is centred around the title family, this one is concerned with Doctor Fadigati, a successful man, but a lonely man, and a homosexual. I really liked the opening of the book, which tells of his arrival in Ferrara and early lofty status amongst the locals, and, subsequently, the rumours concerning his private life. I especially enjoyed what Bassani had to say about how the people of Ferrara were none too concerned about his homosexuality, it being at least something, something concrete, after years of speculation.
The Gold-Rimmed Spectacles is also like its more renowned bigger brother in that it appears to be about one thing — something local, domestic — but, in the background, there looms a larger, more politically-charged theme, which is its real focus. It is the point at which Fadigati makes friends with a group of students on a train that the novel starts to go awry for me. Here is a man who never got married, who hides his liaisons, if indeed there are any, from the general public and so, the implication is, he lacks company on a regular basis. Earlier in the book, Bassani makes a point of explaining how Fadigati keeps himself to himself, so why does he, in effect, impose his company on a group mostly made up of young boys?
I imagine some of you might be rolling your eyes, seeing in this some subtle form of homophobia. That is not the case. I have no issue with homosexuality, but I do have issues with anyone, male or female, straight or gay, hanging around a bunch of people half their age. In any case, it has, for me, unfortunate consequences for the story, it takes it in a direction that does not sit well with the idea that Fadigati is a sympathetic character.
An even bigger concern, for me, is that Fadigati takes one of the students as a lover. This is a problem in two ways. Firstly, it exacerbates the creepiness I spoke about in the previous paragraph; it makes, again I think unintentionally, Fadigati seem like some kind of sexual predator.
The second problem I have with the relationship is that, according to the author, Fadigati was discreet, in terms of his private life, so much so that the locals in Ferrara found no evidence of who he was seeing despite him living amongst them for a decade. And yet we are meant to believe that this man, this paragon of discretion, will suddenly take up with a young boy and flaunt the affair in public, will take him on holiday and buy him a car etc. Perhaps the most fatal flaw in the work are the parallels the author invites us to draw between homosexuality and being a Jew under a Fascist government.
Bassani was both a Jew and a homosexual so it is difficult to accuse him of making light of anti-semitism, and I can certainly understand his point, but for me there is really no comparison.
Gli occhiali d'oro: Il romanzo di Ferrara
Fadigati is whispered about and subtly ostracised, he is looked upon as something other, something not normal, and you can see how Jews in Ferrara are treated in a similar manner. However, that Fadigati is whispered about, and looked down upon, for dating a boy half his age, for essentially buying his affections, is hardly akin to persecuting someone on the basis of their race or religion.
Whether you believe that Fadigati has done something wrong or not, and I think even these days many would find his behaviour distasteful, one cannot complain about being whispered and gossiped about, and even excluded by others, when you do something that is clearly, predictably, going to upset people. You cannot, for me, start an affair with someone significantly younger than yourself and pay for their company and not expect a backlash. Having said all that, I did enjoy the book. One of the best structured novels I've ever read. Some critics Mirna Cicioni even write of it as if it were a 5 act play, and it is a useful way to get a handle on it.
Dr Fadigati is a respected figure in 's Ferrara, and continues so even though his homosexuality is an open secret. His undoing is a beautiful but reckless young man with whom he flaunts a scandalous liaison on the beaches of the Adriatic. This affront the bourgeois of Ferrara cannot forgive. The narrator of these events is a One of the best structured novels I've ever read. The narrator of these events is a young Jew.
He begins his tale with all the assurance of a member of the heterosexual majority commenting on an outsider, but as the novel progresses the comfortably intregrated Jews of Ferrara are realizing that their position in Italian society is not assured. The 'insider' becomes 'outsider', closer to the status of the reviled Fadigati. Doctor Fadigati's ruin and suicide is a small event compared to those which were soon to befall the Jews of Ferrara, but the parallels are obvious and readers can reflect on issues without all the sound and fury that would surround a full-scale retelling of the genocide.
The novel demonstrates the importance of language as the means of social cohesion and division, of inclusion and exclusion. This little novel is available in English The gold-rimmed spectacles; translator Sarah Quigley and it is very well worth reading. The Garden of the Finzi Continis was one of my favourites from last year so I wanted to try another Bassani. This one is shorter but still good in its own way. As with Finzi Continis , it is really easy to read credit to the translator and is really good at evoking time and place. There is a mirrored experience of isolation felt by both the Jewish narrator as Italy's racial laws approach and the respected doctor whose homosexuality is tolerated as long as he doesn't act on it.
I found this to b The Garden of the Finzi Continis was one of my favourites from last year so I wanted to try another Bassani. I found this to be really effective. I will definitely look out for the other books in Bassani's Ferrara series. A very good short novel about alienation, identity and survival in the context of the rise of fascism.
The ostracizing and fall of the respected Doctor Fadigati, after being exposed as gay, mirrors the slower, public and legal demonizing of Jews in late s Italy. Bassani paints a beautiful if tragic picture of Fascist Italy which is engaging and thought-provoking. The text is minimalist but does an excellent job of giving a psychological portrait of the protagonists. No spoilers but given that it is barely over pages, you don't have an excuse not to read it. This was interesting, although confusing at times.
Many of the details that appeared irrelevant at first made sense to the story upon further reflection. I physically cringed as Deliliers mocked Dr Fadigati - his meek acceptance of people's intolerance actually upset me. The narrator wasn't my favourite - I didn't really understand or identify with him, and I felt his point of view wasn't exactly helpful in conveying Fadigati's character and feelings. I kind of felt like Deliliers would have bee This was interesting, although confusing at times. I kind of felt like Deliliers would have been a better point of view to read from, if not infinitely more irritating.
The narratives on intolerance in terms of homosexuality and Judaism worked well together, if not a little awkwardly. In terms of translation, it was decent, but I felt disconnected from the writing and I think it most probably reads much better in Italian - the translator had to keep making notes at the bottom of the page informing the reader of the effect a certain colloquialism carries in Italian to convey the full effect of the writing.
Overall, I enjoyed reading this. Short and sweet, with important topics covered - my favourite. This book is no revolution.
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I am astonished by all the glowing reviews it has received. It does have a nice element of nostalgia to it, Italy, s, pleasant train journeys as the students travel to university and the nice summer scenes on the Adriatic coast. In the background is a sub plot to do with fascism but apart from a fear in the background to add pace to the novel it never really seems to have any effect.
There is a scandal with the older gay gentleman and a younger man. The character This book is no revolution. The character who narrates this novel openly despises the gay character which made for uncomfortable reading and I think it's just a bit old fashioned in that the homosexual has to die.
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My first Italian author and what a gem. This novella perfectly captures the period just before the Second World War. The setting of the town of Ferrara. Fadigati's slow persecution by the town when they find he is gay and the young man who begins the downfall of Dr. Fadigati is truly a nasty piece of work. In the background anti Semitic actions are slowly spreading across Italy and the young Jewish narrator writes of the fickleness of the community around him. I look forward to reading the o My first Italian author and what a gem.
I look forward to reading the other novels by Bassani. Based on the two novellas I've read thus far, this one, and "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" , Bassani appears to have three great themes: the loss of innocence youth , the persecution of the Italian Jewish community, and the town of Ferrara.
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To follow Hemingway's dictum, Bassani has written elegantly, tragically, irresistibly, whereof he knows. Skip "Death in Venice" and read this. By the time i finally got into this novel it was practically over. I dont know what it is about italian literature that just baffles me But i'll keep trying to read it till i find something i like. Bassani manages to convey perfectly the atmosphere of a small provincial town like Ferrara.
At the same time fascist Italy's anti-Semitism is starting to emarginate the narrator, a Jewish university student, who befriends the doc 4. At the same time fascist Italy's anti-Semitism is starting to emarginate the narrator, a Jewish university student, who befriends the doctor. Fadigati reacts with resignation to the situation, the young Davide with rage, also against his father, who wants to believe that Italy will never have a race legislation.
Even though the persecution in Italy never reached the German level, for ex. Rumours start about the sexuality of Venetian ENT doctor now living in Ferrara in the 30s, from being the trusted person who operated on their children's tonsils, he now becomes shunned and faces gossip, rejection, and isolation. Meanwhile the fascist government start introducing restrictions on the jewish community.
Make it happen
This short book narrated by a student from a jewish family deals with his own attitude to Dr Fadigati's fate, comparing it at times to his own, and has lots of poignant moments esp Rumours start about the sexuality of Venetian ENT doctor now living in Ferrara in the 30s, from being the trusted person who operated on their children's tonsils, he now becomes shunned and faces gossip, rejection, and isolation.
This short book narrated by a student from a jewish family deals with his own attitude to Dr Fadigati's fate, comparing it at times to his own, and has lots of poignant moments especially the bit about the dog. This is the second in the Romanzo di Ferrara sequence. Set in it culminates with the real possibility that Mussolini will follow Hitler an introduce anti-Jewish legislation in Italy thereby turning the Jewish population into outcasts. Da leggere: American Gods , di Neil Gaiman. Un posto di lavoro avveniristico con piscine e palestre, e Mae Holland, appena assunta, lo adora.
Da leggere: Il Cerchio , di Dave Eggers. E ha ispirato anche un film di animazione di prossima uscita. Da leggere: Chew , di John Layman. Rivivi la leggendaria saga "Tales of the City" di Armistead Maupin con il libro e la serie tv Netflix. Un ironico e commovente inno alla diversity.