The attacks, it is feared, would be designed to attract worldwide press attention through the murder of innocent victims. The Star Ledger has learned that U. The disclosure was made in a confidential memorandum issued by the U. Marshals Service in Washington calling for stepped-up security at federal facilities throughout the nation…. According to the source, Iranian-supported extremists have made it clear that steps are being taken to strike at the "Great Satan," a phrase that has been used to describe the United States….
Even more strenuous security precautions are being taken in New York, where 12 persons, including the blind fundamentalist Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, are currently on trial on charges of conspiring to wage a war of urban terrorism against the United States by blowing up the United Nations, FBI headquarters and the tunnels between New York and New Jersey…. The memo, issued by Eduardo Gonzales, director of the U. Marshals Service , warns that attacks may be designed to "target as many victims as possible and draw as much media coverage as possible" to the fundamentalist cause….
The terrorists, possible suicide bombers, will not engage in negotiations," the memo warned, and said "once the press is on the scene, the new plans call for blowing everyone up. If that last statement is true, it could explain the presence of a box of explosives found in the Murrah Building with a timer on it set for ten minutes after nine.
The initial bomb s blew up at two minutes after nine. The U. Marshal's Service — the federal agency charged with the task of protecting federal facilities — had clear warning from at least two different undercover informants. Why then was there no security at the Murrah Building on April 19? It was also reported that the Israelis, the Saudis, and the Kuwaitis all warned the U.
Whatever the U. Marshals Service felt about Cary Gagan's warning, Gonzales apparently felt his other sources were reliable enough to issue a nation-wide alert. Perhaps that memo, like the one issued by the FBI in to its field offices warning of an attempt on the life of President Kennedy, just "disappeared. A Trail of Witnesses. On April 19, Abraham Ahmed, a Jordanian, was detained by authorities as a possible bombing suspect as he attempted to fly from Oklahoma City to Amman, Jordan.
American Airlines personnel observed Ahmed "acting nervous," prior to his flight, and notified security personnel, who in turn notified the FBI. Agents detained Ahmed in Chicago, where the Oklahoma City resident explained that he was on his way to his father's wedding, and was scheduled to return to the U. Yet Ahmed's story changes. He told reporters alternately that he had gone back to Jordan: a for a wedding, b to build a house, c to replace the youngest son who had moved out, and d to attend to a family emergency. After being questioned for six hours, the FBI allowed Ahmed to continue on his way.
Yet he was detained in London the following day, where he was questioned for another five hours, then handcuffed and put on the next plane back to the U. In the meantime, Ahmed's luggage continued on to Rome, where authorities discovered a suitcase full of electronic equipment, including two car radios, silicon, solder, shielded and unshielded wire, a small tool kit, and, incredibly enough, a photo album with pictures of weapons and missiles! Security sources at London's Heathrow Airport also said that a pair of blue jogging suits and a timing device was found in one of his bags.
When asked what he was doing with these items, Ahmed explained that they were for his relatives in Jordan, who could not obtain good-quality electrical components.
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Ahmed also had a blue jogging suit similar to what a Middle-Eastern suspect was wearing at the Murrah Building on the morning of the blast. According to an account in the London Telegraph , Ahmed was reportedly in Oklahoma City on Wednesday — the day of the bombing. If Ahmed had been cleared by U. Did they know something the U. The Justice Department's Carl Stern downplayed the breakthrough saying only, "There are a number of good, solid leads in this investigation. Yet in FBI agent Henry Gibbons' affidavit, special mention was made of the items in Ahmed's suitcase, and his coincidental April 19, a.
Yet Ahmed was simply allowed to go on his way, and like so many other suspects and witnesses, was never called before the grand jury. Interestingly, the Middle Eastern community was apologized to by President Clinton. This is very interesting coming from a president that failed to apologize to Randy Weaver, the Branch Davidians, and the thousands of people wrongly accused, imprisoned and murdered each year by U. A possible explanation may be found in the bombing of Pan Am In February of , a prime suspect in the case, Jordanian bomb maker Marwan Kreeshat, admitted in a statement provided by Jordanian intelligence that he had manufactured at least five highly sophisticated, powerful bombs for PFLP-GC Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command leader Ahmed Jibril, by cleverly concealing them in portable radios — the same type which destroyed flight Jordanian intelligence officials, who have maintained a close, long-standing relationship with the CIA, admitted that the Jordanian national was actually an undercover agent, and was also an asset of U.
Could this explain why the FBI released Ahmed? Taylor Jesse Clear, a retired State Department Counter-Terrorism expert who has studied the case, disagrees with this analysis. Clear believes that Ahmed's conspicuously timed departure, complete with nervous act and a suitcase full of electronic gear, was a diversion.
Letting Ahmed get caught with a suitcase full of that stuff, then discovering he was innocent, inoculated everybody to the Middle Eastern connection. Then they could come back, beat their chests, and say, 'look what you did to the Arab community. That man… is a good friend of Abraham Ahmed's. According to a witness who worked for the Palestinian, Ahmed was seen driving the pick-up in the weeks before the bombing. Numerous witnesses also place McVeigh in Oklahoma City in the days before the bombing with a friend of Ahmed's — an Iraqi — a man who bares a strong resemblance to the mysterious, stoic passenger seen in the Ryder truck by Mike Moroz on the morning of April 19 at Johnny's Tire Store.
KFOR reporters Brad Edwards and Jayna Davis broke the story on June 7, with a series of interviews with witnesses who saw McVeigh with the Iraqi, first in a bar, then in a restaurant, then in a pawn shop. When Davis asked her how sure she was that the man they had been tracking was the man she saw with McVeigh, she replied, "I'm sure.
The tavern owner also saw the Iraqi a few days after the bombing. He picked him out from a group of photos. While the Iraqi claimed he was never in any bar on NW 10th Street, a co-worker interviewed by KFOR said he had drank with him at a bar on NW 10th and Indiana, and in fact he was arrested for driving under the influence around the corner, at NW 8th and Blackwielder in early June. In another interview, three women who worked at a pawnshop stated that McVeigh and two other men came into their shop twice: "…on April 14 and again on April 17, just two days before the bombing. A restaurant owner down the street also remembered McVeigh and the Iraqi.
Accompanying the truck was a white long-bed Chevy pick-up, and a darker pick-up, possibly blue or brown. She recalls Timothy McVeigh strolling in and ordering two "trucker burgers" and fries to go. Accompanying McVeigh was a short, stocky man of about 5'2", either Mexican or American Indian or Arabic descent, with black, curly hair. Kingsley recalled that the man spoke briefly with McVeigh. Waitress Linda Kuhlman described him as having straighter hair and being slightly taller.
She described him as wearing green army fatigue pants and a white t-shirt. Kuhlman, who grew up around trucks and hot-rods, is positive that one of the trucks was a Chevy long-bed, most likely an '87 model. When shown photos, including the Iraqi and Michael Brescia, they came close to picking out the Iraqi, but could not positively identify either man. The passenger in the Ryder truck, they said, a man with longish wavy, permed-out brown or dirty blond hair and glasses, never got out. I thought that was kind of unusual… They might have been there for Social Security, but I hardly think so.
Jackson's co-worker Craig Freeman recalled one of the men as a short, stocky Arabic man, about 5' 2'', pounds, wearing khaki military style pants, combat boots and a white T-shirt — the same combination seen on the Middle Eastern suspect described by Linda Kuhlman. In a bizarre twist, a white Chevy pick-up showed up a Freeman's house several days after the bombing. Freeman recalls a Caucasian looking man in the truck, which was parked near his house on two consecutive days. I'm a former Air Force Master Sergeant and a third degree black belt, and I'm trained to be observant.
Could the man Freeman saw have been there to intimidate him? The barmaid at the Road Runner Tavern also told KFOR's Brad Edwards that after her interview aired, the Iraqi pulled up by the open back door of the tavern and stared menacingly at her. What is interesting is that the Iraqi's Palestinian boss owns a white pick up truck — a Nissan, however, not a Chevy. Freeman and Linda Kuhlman are positive the truck they saw was a Chevy. Yet another witness to a post-bombing incident involving the Palestinian claimed that he also was followed by the man, who was driving a white pick-up.
The manager immediately recognized the man as the person who had stayed in room on April The man's name would never be revealed, however, because the FBI confiscated the hotel's log book. Several months later, Newsweek reporter Leslie Jorgensen uncovered information that several men had stayed at the Radisson Inn in Oklahoma City the day before the bombing.
The men were dressed in Arab garb, but according to an employee, were not Arabs. At the same time, phone calls were placed from the Radisson to one of Timothy McVeigh's friends — a man in Idaho associated with the Aryan Republican Army.
A few days earlier, across town, two men had checked into the Plaza Inn. They told desk clerk Tiffany Harper they were Spanish visitors from Mexico. But Harper thought they were Arabs because of the way they talked. According to employee Ruby Foos, another man checked into the motel a day or two later, went to his room, then emerged wearing flowing Arab robes.
As far as Foos could tell, the man was not connected with the other two men. While it may not be unusual for Arab-garbed individuals to be in Oklahoma due to its connection with the oil industry, Douglas Boyer, the security guard at the Plaza, said a yellow Ryder truck was parked out front. All of the men checked out a day or two before the bombing. Interestingly, two Middle Eastern men were spotted driving from Oklahoma City to Dallas immediately after the bombing. The men stopped to ask directions from an Oklahoma Highway Patrolman.
When the officer ran their plate, he discovered that it didn't match the vehicle. The plate belonged to a rented blue Chevy Cavalier, which was later found at a motel in Oklahoma City. The driver of that vehicle, Asad R. Siddiqy, a cab driver from Queens, along with the other two men, Anis Siddiqy and Mohammed Chafi, were taken into custody.
While the men were ultimately questioned and released, a blue Chevy Cavalier would be spotted by a witness in downtown Oklahoma City — along with a Ryder truck, a yellow Mercury, and a brown Chevy pick-up — the other vehicles in the bombing convoy. On the morning of the blast, a woman was riding the elevator in the Murrah building, when she noticed a young Arab man wearing a backpack, hurriedly pushing the buttons as if trying to get off.
As previously mentioned, she followed him outside, not suspecting anything was amiss. Moments later, she was sent sprawling to the sidewalk as the building blew up behind her. Gary Lewis, a pressman for the Journal Record newspaper, had just stepped outside to smoke his pipe when he remembered he had left something in his car.
As he walked down the alley, a yellow Mercury peeled away from its spot near the Murrah Building, jumped a concrete barricade, swerved to avoid hitting a dumpster, then bore down on him, forcing him up onto the curb. Lewis got a good look at the driver, describing him as one Timothy James McVeigh, and his passenger as resembling the sketch of John Doe 2. He said the car had an Oklahoma tag which was dangling by one bolt. Several minutes later, Lewis was thrown to the floor as the Journal Record building rocked with the impact of the blast.
As he picked himself up, another, more powerful explosion sent him sprawling again. As he and his fellow workers rushed outside, he noticed a peculiar sight: an Arab man standing nearby, staring at the Federal Building, grinning from ear to ear. He seemed "enraptured. As discussed earlier, another witness saw two men running from the area of the Federal Building toward a brown Chevy truck just prior to the blast. The witness described the two men as "males, of possible Middle-Eastern descent, approximately six feet tall, with athletic builds.
The second person was described as years old, with dark hair and a dark beard with gray in it — the same description Cary Gagan gave. He was described as wearing blue jogging pants, a black shirt, and a black jogging jacket. The witness also described a third person in the pick-up. Was this the same pick-up seen by Leonard Long and his daughter?
Long was driving east on 5th Street at approximately a. As the truck pulled up alongside, the passenger, a stocky, dark-skinned, dark-haired man began hurling racial epithets at the black couple. Long said the driver was a tall, thin white man with sharp features, a description not unsimilar to that given by James Linehan. The truck took the I exit and headed south. Approximately 50 minutes later, as Margaret Hohmann and her friend Ann Domin were pulling into a parking spot in front of the Murrah Building, a brown pick-up peeled away from its parking spot, burning rubber as it tore down 5th Street.
A few blocks away from the Murrah Building, Debra Burdick and her daughter were on the way to the doctor's office. As she stopped for a light at 10th and Robinson, she noticed three vehicles parked on the north side of the street between a church and a garage. One was a brown pick-up, one was a blue Chevy Cavalier, and the other was a yellow Mercury. They were dark, but they were not black… I would say they were Middle Easterners.
There was a brown pick-up, but I couldn't see in because of the tinted windows , and behind it was the yellow car with the cream top. I said 'Huh, I wonder what they're looking at? A few moments later, the bomb s went off. Hohmann and Domin, who were inside one of the Murrah Building's restrooms, were sent crashing to the floor. At the same moment, Debra Burdick and her daughter went skidding to the side of the road. When she looked back, the three vehicles were gone.
As she stepped on to the meridian, she was nearly run over as the brown pick-up came careening around the corner. The near miss gave her an opportunity to get a good look at the occupants. I'll never forget the look on his face. It just was full of hate and anger. It really struck me, because everyone else — people were coming out and they looked scared and confused, and he just looked full of anger.
Kay recalled that two of the three people in the truck were Middle-Easterners. When she was shown photos, she picked out the Iraqi — the same one seen with McVeigh — as the driver. David Snider, the Bricktown worker who had spotted one of the Ryder trucks that morning, ran outside after the bomb went off, and saw the brown pick-up as it flew past. An all-points-bulletin APB was quickly put out on the pick-up:. Dispatcher: "Be on the lookout for a late model almost new Chevrolet full-size pick-up — full size pickup brown pick-up. Will be brown in color with tinted windows — brown in color with tinted windows.
Smoke colored bug deflector on the front of pick-up. Officer: "Ok, Is this good information, or do we not really know? Dispatcher: "Authorization FBI. Strangely, the FBI canceled the APB several hours later, refusing to say why and demanding that it not be rebroadcast. But when Hall played back his copy for the FBI man, he suddenly had "no comment.
Soon after, Brad Edwards received a tip that the pick-up had been seen several times before the bombing at Sahara Properties not its real name , a real-estate business in northwest Oklahoma City. Not long after KFOR's reports began airing, the Iraqi sued the station, then held a press conference claiming that he was not a suspect in the bombing, and that he had a solid alibi for the morning of April Yet Alvin Devers, a neighbor interviewed by Davis, claimed no one was working on the house that day.
In addition, Hussaini's co-worker, Ernie Cranfield, said Hussaini's alibi for the morning of April 19 — a time sheet stating he was at work at a. Cranfield told Davis that Hussaini was working at a different house by a. Moreover, according to Cranfield, Sahara Properties doesn't use time sheets: "They use a time clock. They started about five months ago — five, six months ago… I've seem them clocking in every morning. Hussaini also claimed that he worked a second job as at the Western Sizzlin restaurant — as a janitor, three days a week, from p. Yet when Davis checked with Jeff Johnston, the assistant manager, she was told Hussaini hadn't worked from April 17 through April According to Khalid's secretary, none of Hussaini's Iraqi co-workers, who started working for Khalid in November, showed up on the 17th.
Was it merely coincidental that Craig Freeman and Dennis Jackson saw a suspicious group of Arab men in the Murrah Building on the afternoon of the 17th? Interestingly, Hussain al-Hussaini reapplied for his job at the Western Sizzlin in May, then quit in June, saying that he didn't need a job. Khalid's secretary said that Hussaini also purchased a Cadillac after the bombing. Had he suddenly come into a large amount of money?
FBI spokesman Dan Vogel said that eyewitness accounts are "notoriously inaccurate. Their credibility must be checked out, their stories corroborated. Yet KFOR was able to corroborate their story with at least eight different witnesses. They not only placed McVeigh with Hussaini in at least three different locations in Oklahoma City, they were able to trace the brown pick-up to the business where Hussaini worked — to a businessman that had been investigated by the FBI for PLO ties. They determined that Hussaini had a tattoo exactly as described by the FBI, and that his alibi for the morning of April 19 was patently false.
Apparently the government had not counted on a local TV station stumbling onto Hussaini. After KFOR's story broke, a major damage control apparatus went into motion. Interestingly, when Hussaini appeared before TV cameras on June 15 to dispel the "rumors" about him, it was Abraham Ahmed who appeared as his interpreter! Perhaps Jenkins cringed when he saw Hussaini on TV because the news station had, quite accidentally, uncovered the FBI's confidential informant.
The FBI wouldn't say if they had checked out Hussaini. Nor would they clear him. They told KFOR that they were "not in the business of clearing suspects. Interestingly, they then used the Bunting incident to say that John Doe 2 had been a red herring all along. John Doe 2, the FBI claimed, had never existed. Just why would the FBI issue a blanket "no comment" on a suspect who was seen by numerous witnesses with Timothy McVeigh, and was seen speeding away from the bombing?
For his part, Hussaini claims he was an officer in Iraq's elite Republican Guard, and was imprisoned for distributing anti-Saddam literature. According to the Gazette's account, he was released after serving eight years of a year sentence. But the story changes. According to KWTV, he escaped during a prison uprising at the end of the war, and after searching for his family, he "ran to American soldiers and asked for help. The problem with this story is that U. Yet the story changes once again. According to William Northrop, Hussaini served in the Hammurabi Division of the Republican Guard, and "was captured by the American 24th Mechanized Infantry Division in a fight on Highway 8, west of Basra, a few days after the war ended.
The Iraqis were badly beaten in the ensuing firefight, and Hussaini was wounded. He claims Hussaini was never in an Iraqi prison. If Hussaini was trying to concoct a cover-story, he apparently wasn't doing a very good job. This lad was no ordinary soldier. He triggered a "watch" on the Iraqi community in Boston and shortly thereafter, moved to Oklahoma City. I understand that he is currently residing in Houston. While it is not known how accurate this information is, there is evidence tying Yousef — a Pakistani Baluchi born in Kuwait — to Iraqi intelligence. The Baluch, who are Sunni Moslems, oppose the clerical Shia regime of Tehran, and had forged close links with Iraqi intelligence during that country's year war with Iran.
Mylroie, Iraq used the Baluch to carry out acts of terrorism against Iran. Barbouti's son Haidar like Hussaini also lives in Houston. According to Champon, Barbouti with perhaps a little help from the secretive and mysterious Wackenhut secretly drained thousands of gallons of ferrocyanide — a naturally occurring Cherry extract used to make cyanide gas — from Champon's plant.
Barbouti's ability to procure U. While the Bush administration was publicly decrying Hussein's use of chemical weapons on the Kurds, the potassium ferrocyanide was shipped to Iraq to manufacture chemical weapons for Iraq's army, with the full knowledge and complicity of the Bush administration. Said Champon, "Not one U. I was told — and this is a quote from U. Customs [agent Martin Schram] — "This matter is highly political. Haidar Barbouti cannot be indicted, and if he were, he would never be convicted.
The key that allowed the Iraqi "businessman" Barbouti doesn't like to be called an arms dealer to interface with the CIA was one Richard V. Secord, an integral player in the Iran-Contra arms-for-drugs network. Mike Johnston, the attorney who sued Barbouti on behalf of TK-7, an Oklahoma City company, ran into the same sort of stonewalling by the Justice Department. As Johnston was told by the federal team investigating this little corner of Iraqgate, "Mr. Johnston, you don't understand, we have to limit the objective of the investigation so we can get on with the business of running the government.
Customs agent Martin Schram told Louis Champon. Said Champon, "I can assure you, that if drums of cyanide left our plant, Dr. Barbouti had his reasons, either to be used against American troops or terrorist acts against the United States at home.
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A Texas hamburger stand was reportedly used to relay telephone calls between the World Trade Center bombers as a means of avoiding detection. It was owned by some Palestinian friends of Ajaj, and Yousef and Ajaj used the number for conference calls while Ajaj was in prison. The records may also indicate a tie between Ajaj and Hussaini's boss, Sam Khalid. Records obtained during TK-7's civil suit against Ishan Barbouti show a phone call to one of Khalid's properties in Houston.
The person who made call was Ahmed Ajaj. Yet Barbouti wasn't just trying to procure material and technology from U. It was during TK-7's suit against Barbouti that the Americans learned of these bunkers. It isn't clear whether Davisson had a falling out with Barbouti, or was simply being patriotic. The point may be moot, as Barbouti was apparently dead. The Iraqi arms dealer died or faked his death around the same time the Israeli Mossad knocked off his contemporary, Gerald Bull, the developer of the ill-fated Iraqi "Super-Gun.
With the plans for Saddam's underground bunkers, the U. Airforce was able to practically wipe out Iraq's entire fleet of Mig fighter jets at the start of the war. This didn't exactly make Saddam happy. In the parlance of the Arab world, this equated to pay-back time. If Hussein thought Barbouti was responsible for the destruction of his air force, he may have insisted the arms dealer cooperate in an act of revenge against the United States.
Yet the destruction of the Hussein's air force wasn't the only motive Iraq had for seeking revenge against the U. While Americans were busy tying yellow ribbons on their front porches for our boys in the Gulf, these same brave boys were slaughtering enemy soldiers and helpless civilians by the thousands. However, the orders for this unit were not to take any prisoners…. The commander of the unit began the firing by shooting an anti-tank missile through one of the Iraqi soldiers.
This is a missile designed to destroy tanks, but it was used against one man. At that point, everybody in the unit began shooting. Quite simply, it was a slaughter. The government-controlled sanitized media campaign beamed into our living rooms, replete with scenes of high-tech "smart-bombs" whistling through the windows of enemy command centers, merely belied the terrible and deliberate carnage inflicted upon thousands of helpless civilians.
On February 13, , a U. Air Force Stealth Bomber dropped two 1,pound, laser-guided bombs onto the roof of the Al-Amira air raid shelter in Baghdad. Two hundred and ninety four people — mostly women and children — died in what the U. The United States said it thought that the shelter was for VIPs, which it had been at one time, and claimed that it was also being used as a military communications center, but neighborhood residents insisted that the constant aerial surveillance overhead had to observe the daily flow of women and children into the shelter.
Western reporters said they could find no signs of military use. An American journalist in Jordan who viewed unedited videotape footage of the disaster, which the American public never saw, wrote:. They showed scenes of incredible carnage. Nearly all the bodies were charred into blackness; in some cases the heat had been so great that entire limbs were burned off.
Said White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater after the bombing of the shelter: It was "a military target… We don't know why civilians were at this location, but we do know that Saddam Hussein does not share our value for the sanctity of life. This so-called "value for the sanctity for life" shown by American forces and lauded by the Bush administration, included not only attacks such as the one at Al-Amira, but the bombing and strafing of unarmed civilians who tried to flee to the Jordanian border.
Buses, taxis, and private cars were repeatedly assaulted, literally without mercy, by rockets, cluster bombs and machine guns; usually in broad daylight, the targets clearly civilian, with luggage piled on top, with no military vehicles or structures anywhere to be seen, surrounded by open desert, the attacking planes flying extremely close to the ground… busloads of passengers incinerated, and when people left the vehicles and fled for their lives, planes often swooped down upon them firing away.
Whenever they see a car or truck, the planes dive out of the sky and chase us. They don't care who we are or what we are. They just shoot. I actually went up close and examined two of the vehicles that basically looked like refugees maybe trying to get out of the area. You know, you had like a little Toyota pick-up truck that was loaded down with the furniture and the suitcases and rugs and the pet cat and that type of thing, all over the back of the this truck, and those trucks were taken out just like the military vehicles. At the same time, the American public, fed a daily dose of propaganda generated in Pentagon media briefing rooms, could not understand how terrorists could bomb a civilian building in the heartland of America.
While the estimate of Iraqi forces killed runs as high as ,, the actual number of Iraqis killed, including civilians, runs much higher. American planes deliberately destroyed Iraq's power plants, its sewage systems, and its hospitals. The economic embargo severely compounded the situation, forcing an entire population to struggle amidst massive epidemics of starvation and disease. Their infrastructure decimated, without sanitation, food and medical supplies, hundreds of thousands of civilians suffered horrible, lingering deaths — all caused by the U.
The people of Baghdad have turned the rubble of the Al-Amira air raid shelter into a shrine, complete with mementos and pictures of the children who perished. In Oklahoma City, victims placed mementos of their dead relatives on a chain-link fence surrounding the remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Building and asked, "Who could do such a thing? Who could kill innocent civilians? While the World Trade Center and Oklahoma City bombings may have been the result of Iraqi revenge, what ultimately lay behind the New York and Daharan bombings appeared to stem from a broader-based alliance of Islamic militants from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and other countries committed to the expulsion of U.
Such alliances were also reflected in a major terrorist conference held in Tehran in , where it was decided the terrorists' war against the U. Another major terrorist conference was held in Tehran on June , , during which it was announced that there would be increased attacks against U. Two days later, on June 25, the military housing complex in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, was bombed, claiming the lives of 19 servicemen.
The Movement for Islamic Change, which had already claimed credit for the Riyadh bombing, took credit. This was followed by another terrorist conference at the Northwest Frontier Province town of Konli, near the Afghani border in Pakistan on July , The meeting saw some of the most important militant Islamic leaders come together under one tent. All resolved to use whatever force was necessary to oust all foreign forces stationed on Islamic holy land. One Arab observer with direct knowledge of the conference said the participants' resolution was "a virtual declaration of relentless war" on the U.
Rasul Sayyaf stated that "the time to settle accounts has arrived. He repeated Iran's commitment to the cause and reiterated Tehran's willingness to provide the Islamists with all possible aid. Another commander concurred, adding that "there is an imperative need for an integrated plan to deal a fatal blow to the international forces of arrogance. On July 16, one day after the Konli conference, the U.
Senate passed sanctions against Iran and Libya. With their continued sanctions against the innocent civilians of Iraq, and now Iran, the U. As Ronald W. Lewis wrote in the November, edition of Air Forces Monthly:. On the following day after the Konli conference , July 17, the Movement for Islamic Change sent a chilling fax to the London-based Arab newspaper al-Hayat , warning: "The world will be astonished and amazed at the time and place chosen by the Mujahadeen. The Mujahadeen will deliver the harshest reply to the threats of the foolish American president.
Everyone will be surprised by the volume, choice of place and timing of the Mujahadeen's answer, and invaders must prepare to depart alive or dead, for their time is morning and morning is near. At p. Attack number three had just been carried out. That excerpt appeared in a U.
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But Lewis wasn't the only observer cognizant of these facts. As Dr. The day of the bombing, Saddam Hussein had made his own threats, telling the U. The bombing of the World Trade Center occurred on the second anniversary of Iraq's surrender to coalition forces in the Gulf. While reports from the State Department and such institutions as the Heritage Foundation decry the use of Arab state-sponsored terrorism against the West, the truth is that the West — and especially the U.
The Gulf War marked the first time the United States had used an all-out, full-scale military assault on an Arab country, with devastating results. Under the influence of religious figures such as Sheik Omar Rahman, the Mujahadeen the Afghani freedom fighters who had been trained by the CIA and their allies became staunch opponents of the United States. Thousands of Muslims from almost 40 countries flocked to Afghanistan and Pakistan during the war, and thousands remain there, training for the day when Islam will rise up in its final great Jihad against the West. To these groups, the Gulf War marked the signal for a new escalation in their war against the U.
Two CIA employees were killed and three others were wounded. Like Ramzi Yousef, Kansi was a native Baluchi.
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Kansi claimed the CIA had betrayed his father. Yousef himself spent considerable time in Baluchistan. Located in western Pakistan, Baluchistan is a nexus for the Muslim Jihad, and a major arms and drug network. Pakistan has served not only as a training center for the Mujahadeen, but a haven for Philippine terrorist groups such as Abu Sayyaf and the Moro Liberation Front, who have used the free-flowing Pakistani arms and drugs nexus in an effort to promote and finance their activities.
Support in the form of arms and drugs flowed from Pakistan and Afghanistan to militant Islamic groups around the world, aided by the CIA, rogue intelligence officers, and senior U. In fact, many of the same individuals were involved. They were there to train the Abu Sayyaf. Headquartered on the Philippine island of Mindanao, the member strong Abu Sayyaf has conducted over 10 major terrorist attacks in the last six years in its bid for autonomy, and is strongly allied with other Islamic revolutionary groups, such the Philippine-based Moro Liberation Front. Considered by the State Department to be one of the world's preeminent sponsors of Islamic radicalism, bin Laden's threats to wage Jihad on Americans in the Middle East immediately preceded the November, blast at a U.
Eight months later, a massive truck-bomb killed 19 servicemen and injured at Dhahran. In a March, interview with the London Independent from his Afghani hideout, bin Laden warned of additional measures against U. Readers will also recall that General Wafiq al-Sammara'i, the former head of Iraqi military intelligence, told the London Independent a year earlier that the Dhahran bombing "strongly resembled plans drawn up by a secret Iraqi committee on which he served after the invasion of Kuwait.
Not surprisingly, in February of , U. Those plots were strongly linked to Iraq. Khalifa also ran an Islamic center in the Philippines linked to similar organizations in countries such as Iraq and Jordan. Given Abu Sayyaf's close ties with bin Laden, Khalifa, and their connections with the Mujahadeen, it is only natural that Ramzi Yousef, a Pakistani who is considered an Iraqi agent, would be involved with the group. Abu Sayyaf's former military strategist, Edwin Angeles, who surrendered to Philippine authorities in February of '96, admitted that the Abu Sayyaf was in fact linked to Yousef and Murad — both of whom recently went on trial in New York for their role in "Project Bojinka" — a dramatic plan to blow up 12 U.
The plot was foiled when police raided Yousef's Manila apartment on January 6, , after a fire caused by the pair mixing bomb-making chemicals in a sink. While Murad was captured, Yousef escaped, making his way to Pakistan, where he was captured by police in February. Nine of his accomplices — six of them Iraqis — were rounded up one year later along with plastic explosives, blasting caps, detonating cords, time fuses, and fake passports.
Before his capture however, Yousef, an engineering graduate of Britain's Swansea University, had time to try out his new bomb — an experimental form of nitroglycerin. The small test-bomb, taped under a seat on Philippine Air flight , killed one Japanese tourist and injured 10 others.
Before the explosion, Yousef had safely departed the plane in Cebu City. Another temporary resident of Cebu City was Terry Nichols. As discussed, Nichols had moved to Cebu City with his new wife, Marife Torres, a mail-order bride whom he met there in November of After trying life in Michigan and Nevada, the couple moved back to Cebu City in early , where they lived for a short time.
According to Nichols' ex-wife Lana Padilla, her former husband had traveled to the Philippines about four times a year since meeting Marife. Although some of the visits were to see his new bride and make arrangements for her entry into the U. Nichols told Padilla he was traveling to Cebu City to meet "potential business partners. Perhaps Nichols had reason to worry. According to FBI reports and investigations conducted by McVeigh's defense team, Abu Sayyaf leader Edwin Angeles spoke of a terrorist meeting in the vicinity of the Del Monte labeling factory in Davao, on the Island of Mindanao, in late or early ' One of the men at the meeting, recalled Angeles, introduced himself as "a farmer.
When the "farmer" returned home from his last visit to the Philippines on January 16, , and discovered that Padilla had opened the mysterious package and read the contents, he turned "white as a ghost. Murad casually admitted to a prison guard that the Liberation Army of the Philippines — a group connected to Abu Sayyaf — was responsible. However, given the fact that Saudi intelligence informed the FBI that Iraq had hired Pakistanis who might not have known they were operating on behalf of Iraq, it is highly possible that Murad a Pakistani and Angeles were unaware of their true sponsor.
As the Washington Post's Jack Anderson reported in "A preferable revenge for Iraq would involve having a 'surrogate terrorist' carry out a domestic attack that Hussein could privately take credit for…. This terrorist attack was "contracted out" to persons whose organization and ideology was friendly to policies of the foreign power and included dislike and hatred of the United States government itself, and possibly included was a desire for revenge against the United States, with possible anti-black and anti-Semitic overtones.
Because Iraq had tried a similar approach in , but had been thwarted by Syrian intelligence information given to the United States, this time the information was passed through an Iraqi intelligence base in the Philippines. Gagan recalled how Nichols looked "out-of-place" among his Arab comrades at the May '94 meeting. On January 28, , the Washington Post reported that an Iraqi terrorist network was being sponsored and planned by Saddam Hussein. The article stated in part:.
Highly classified US intelligence reports say that the United States has received information that Saddam has already dispatched more than terrorists, both experienced and novice, to try to infiltrate the United States. One report, quoting sources inside Iraq, cites a specific number of terrorists — — who have been sent off with missions in America. That coincides with reports that at least two and possibly as many as four Iraqi diplomats in their embassy in Washington were monitored as they attempted to set up terrorist cells in the capital and elsewhere in the United States.
According to Northrop, information from a London banker "Sayanin" source showed that several million dollars was transferred from the Bank of Iraq, through the SWIFT international banking system in Brussels, Belgium, to a bank in Kingman, Arizona under the account name of "Nayaad. Omar and Gagan had also traveled to Kingman. The million dollar account was to be wired from a Swiss bank and deposited into the Bank of Cherry Creek in Denver.
Part of the plan was to allow Omar and Ahmed to purchase the Postal Center, a shipping and receiving store in Denver owned by George Colombo, who also operated a Ryder truck leasing operation across the street. Omar had asked Gagan to broker a deal to buy the facility from Colombo. He believes they were interested in the mail and truck rental facility. For some reason, the deal fell through. Yet there is circumstantial evidence that the two bombing defendants met with Sam Khalid, who spent considerable time in Las Vegas.
As Northrop said, "gambling is a favorite pastime of Sunni Moslems. They used to get money — huge amounts of money — they were using these wire transfers. Khalid is a regular at Binyon's Horseshoe. The two men attended the Claude Hall Gun Show in Las Vegas in November and January of , stayed at Padilla's house, and reportedly frequented Binyon's and a strip joint next door called the Glitter Gulch, where Khalid is also a regular.
While no one at the casinos would cooperate in placing Khalid with the two bombing suspects, Padilla said that Nichols had met with "Middle Eastern" men while in Las Vegas. That information dovetails with Cary Gagan's testimony. As stated earlier, the federal informant said he met with approximately eight men — five of whom were Middle Easterners — at the Western Motel in Las Vegas on May 16, There was an Arab man from Oklahoma City who Gagan referred to as the "leader. The question remained, who was Omar, and was he connected with Sam Khalid?
Interestingly, Khalid's alias is "Omar. Crousette had worked at the Glitter Gulch. In a transcript of the conversation, Davis asks Crousette if Angie not her real name , Khalid's favorite stripper, recognized him:. Crousette: "She knew who he was. Her eyes… her… her… how do I want to say this?
Her whole demeanor changed. She went from being a calm person to being a scared little rabbit. Davis: "All right. And she said she didn't want to get involved…". Crousette: "Does the word getting up and running and leaving the place tell you anything? Davis: "Okay. Crousette: "She left. She got up and left. She left her money and left.
She grabbed her stuff and was out the door. According to Crousette, Angie also described an Arab man in the Glitter Gulch acting as a "recruiter," who introduced Khalid to a pair of "skinny white guys. Angie declined to say, telling Davis that she'd "wind up at the bottom of Lake Meade" if she talked.
But just who was this "recruiter" that Crousette spoke of? Crousette saw him hobnobbing in a wealthy part of town with a man in a white BMW. Just who was in the car with him wasn't clear. However, the information is curious in light of Gagan's report that he and his Arab friends met at the Player's Club, an upscale apartment complex in a Las Vegas suburb.
Also mentioned in Crousette's phone conversation is "Jaffer," an apparent reference to Jaffer Oshan not his real name. Oshan, who sometimes goes by the name Ossan Jaffar, is an electrical engineer who works for Khalid, and translates for his rusty Arabic.
Lyrics Columbine – C.w. Mccall
Oshan was reportedly the target of FBI surveillance at the same time Khalid was being indicted for insurance fraud. Like Abraham Ahmed, Oshan disappeared just before the bombing, traveling to Jordan. And like Ahmed, he gave a similar story, telling Ernie Cranfield he was going to the Middle East to attend to family matters — in this case — his own wedding. According to Cranfield, he did not marry. Crousette showed the photos to his "intelligence" source:. Crousette: Three people that I know of that went in service — two feds and two of them were ex-company CIA. They know who these guys are.
When I showed them these pictures they looked at me and told me, "Get the hell out of it. What the hell are you doing doing this? Davis: Did they tell you they were Iraqi Intelligence? Crousette: Two of them did, yes. Davis: And they're not arresting them? Crousette: I'm not gonna' get involved. Davis: Are they Middle Eastern? Crousette: I'm not getting involved on this. I'm sending in my bill. I'm getting out of it now…. Crousette has since avoided all attempts to contact him. Gordon Novel, an investigator who used to work for District Attorney Jim Garrison, spent a week in Las Vegas attempting to talk with the former security guard.
As a frustrated Novel was about to leave, a large goon appeared at his hotel room with an automatic tucked in his belt and some words of advice: "You betta' stay da fuck out odda Oklahoma thing," he warned. There's a lodda sand out dare where no one will ever find ya. Why would an apparent Mob mule be concerned about steering an investigator away from a Las Vegas connection to the Oklahoma City bombing? Was Khalid connected to the Mob? Twilley was working at the time for Khalid's real-estate business, Sahara Properties, which he owned with his ex-wife Carol, who died in the bombing.
A three-year employee, Twilley did a variety of jobs for Khalid, including bookkeeping and acting as rental agent for his plus properties. Twilley told Edwards and Davis that she had seen her boss in the company of Abraham Ahmed, who had been detained by the FBI as a possible suspect on April 19 as he attempted to fly from Oklahoma to Jordan.
According to Twilley and Ernie Cranfield, Ahmed had been seen driving the brown Chevy pick-up seen speeding away from the bombing, back and forth to Khalid's place in the days prior to the bombing. Ahmed's increasingly frequent visits coincided with the arrival of Hussain al-Hussaini and five other Iraqis in November. Twilley also said that Khalid began acting very secretive after the arrival of the six men, and would only speak to Ahmed in Arabic. Yet, perhaps most incredibly, both Cranfield and Twilley had seen a yellow Mercury Marquis parked at Khalid's office; Twilley said she saw Abraham Ahmed in the passenger seat.
The presence of Ahmed wasn't the only thing that raised eyebrows at Sahara properties in the days following the bombing. Cranfield told the FBI and Edwards that he saw one of Khalid's Arab employees, a man named Haider al-Saiidi, acting strangely ebullient after the bombing. He went out on the porch to cover his face and he stood by the wall crying. He was upset that children got hurt. He was really upset. And Haider was laughing because he was crying.
To make things even stranger, Khalid decided to visit Las Vegas on the evening of April 20, the day after his ex-wife Carol was killed in the bombing. It seems Khalid had asked her to help him with his taxes on Monday, her regularly scheduled day at the Department of Agriculture. Consequently, she went into work on Wednesday, her day off. As news reports showed Dr. Espe, Carol's boss, being carried down a ladder by rescue workers, Khalid's daughter Heather began crying. She knew her mom worked in that office.
Heather was crying, and Najaya was laughing. Some might consider it odd that a girl's stepmother would burst out laughing upon learning that her mother had been killed. Some might consider it stranger still for a man to be partying on the eve of his ex-wife's death. Was there a motive?
Did Khalid know there would be a bombing on Wednesday? Did he know Carol would go into work on Wednesday to make up for her day off? He got rid of her because of the taxes she filed. According to Cranfield, Khalid reported to the IRS that his employees were sub-contractors, thus avoiding having to pay benefits. Khalid's steady worker of nine years also told me that his boss made up business cards for the employees that purported to show their "independent" status.
It was Carol on whom fell the responsibility of preparing the returns. Cranfield caught a glimpse of her on Monday, two days before her death. At the time of this writing there was a case pending against Khalid for tax fraud. Carol most likely would have testified against him in that case. The circumstances at Sahara Properties in the days after the bombing were too much for Cranfield. I was so… I feared that these people were involved, and them workers were involved in this. And with all the strange things that was going on, I wasn't going to take no chances. And when they found Abraham [Ahmed], that was it.
That was all I needed to know. That's all I wanted to know. I wanted to get the hell out of there! The brown Chevy pick-up that Ahmed had been seen driving was found abandoned the Tuesday after the bombing at the Woodscape Apartment complex on Route Resident Jeannie Royer recalled a heavy-set Middle-Eastern man getting out of the truck which was left near a storage shed. The man gave Boyer a hard look that said, "You'd better forget what you just saw.
The man showed up a week later and followed Royer while she was out walking her dog. I would sure like to see a close-up of his eyes. Those eyes of his were frightening! The abandoned pick-up, incidentally, had been painted yellow, and the serial numbers ground off. The FBI then towed the truck to its impound lot, and nothing has been heard about it since. What is even more interesting or coincidental, depending on your point of view is that Khalid owns the property on which a body shop is located — Route 66 Auto Collision — a nondescript, run down place on the far side of town.
Route 66, curiously, is two miles directly due west of the Woodscape Apartments. A body shop would be a very convenient place to paint a pick-up. Khalid bought the property in at a tax auction. The sale was disputed by the current owner, Rex Carmichael, and as of this writing, the case was in court. Interestingly, an anonymous caller to Oklahoma State Representative Charles Key who claimed to be a friend of the brother of a man involved in the bombing, told him that a meeting of bombing conspirators took place at a garage on Northwest 39th Street. Although he didn't state the name, Route 66 is located right on Northwest 39th Street.
After the bombing, Route 66 changed it's name to Tom's, but is not listed in the phone book or the information directory under either name. KFOR's P. If so, it may fit into what Cranfield told me next: "They Khalid and his employees would always buy cars, then I found out that they was taking them and running them to Mexico, running trips to Mexico and selling the cars. They wouldn't have it but less than a month, then they'd be rid of it, and you wouldn't see it again. It was the same guys that came in [in November]. The same six that came in. Just them — them six. One of the six was Hussain al-Hussaini.
The date November, may be prophetic. Three witnesses in Stillwater, about an hour's drive north of Oklahoma City, saw a man who closely resembles Ramzi Yousef in late October, early November, The man, who called himself Y. Ronnie White not his real name , who was working as a mechanic for Boomer's at the time, said the men ran a "shoddy" operation and were "hostile" towards customers. The business, he said, was buying used cars and shipping them overseas, possibly to Kuwait.
White says the two men suddenly departed for Ohio the last week of October, They told him "Don't tell anybody where we're going. Said customer Michael Reed, "They were some pretty strange people. They were supposed to be running a car lot, but they were always gone. White went to the FBI when he saw Yousef's wanted poster in the local police station.
Like many witnesses, the FBI appeared to show no interest. Was the man these witnesses saw really internationally wanted fugitive Ramzi Yousef? A Washington source familiar with Yousef and the World Trade Center bombing doesn't think it likely that Yousef reentered the county after the attack. Yousef himself is a chameleon. One FBI photo depicts him as a thin, haunted-looking criminal, the other a boyish-looking foreign exchange student.
Yet all three witnesses in Stillwater are adamant. Had the Arab cell involved in the bombing reinlisted the aid of expert bomb maker Ramzi Yousef for the Oklahoma City attack? Other sources expressed similar opinions. Finally, the Justice Department's Office of Inspector General report on the Oklahoma City bombing indicates that nitroglycerin was was found at the scene.
As previously stated, Yousef had been experimenting with a new form of nitroglycerin. Samir Khalid, who by now was being investigated by KFOR and surveilled by Jerlow, apparently didn't seem too concerned he was being watched either. At one point he casually strolled up to Jerlow and Edwards, who were staking out his house, rapped on their window, and said "What do you want with me?
Later, Khalid called him on the phone. A curious question. If Khalid wanted to know what country had hired Jerlow, it would subsume, at least in his mind, that the U. Why would he assume such a thing? Was Khalid an operative or an informant for the U. This is the Mossad. You do not know what you're messing with.
Jerlow's sources also came up dry. When the P. You stay away from him. His warning may have been well-founded however. Three months after the bombing, on July 3, a man matching Khalid's description, and driving his truck, showed up at Sharon Twilley's house, pulled out a pistol, and fired four shots. Two of the bullets went into Twilley's bedroom, one went into her car, shattering the windshield, and another lodged under a neighbor's window.
A terrified Sharon Twilley rolled out of bed, clutching the phone in her hand, and dialed Nearly an inch away from falling out of bed, he got up, lit a cigarette and sat by the window, staring at the Rockies as he smoked. Just stay out of Room Crime boss and mob legend Al Capone bought his Palm Island compound in ; it was here that he lived for the next 19 years, Forbes reports, throwing Gatsby-esque parties in and around his salt-water swimming pool until his death in This Bath Township home in Ohio is where the serial killer and sex offender Jeffrey Dahmer claimed his first of 17 victims.
Rumors of haunting came shortly after when the Lutz family bought the 5-bedroom home at a drastically reduced price and only lasted 28 days in it. Among other things, they claimed to smell strange odors, experience cold spots and waking up to members of the family levitating in bed. Winchester Blvd.
Considered to be the most haunted location in the French Quarter, the madame of the house — described as a Mistress of Death — tortured and murdered dozens of slaves who attended the house. Time and lore have twisted what actually happened in the home, but the New Orleans Bee newspaper at the time said the slaves were tortured, with some appearing to be part of horrifying medical experiments.
His brother recognized the ideas and language after reading the essay and turned in Kaczynski to police. The "alternative meat" industry is booming. But are any of the options currently available actually and good? A media frenzy surrounding recent deaths in the country has dissuaded tourists from visiting a relatively safe place.
Sign up for InsideHook to get our best content delivered to your inbox every weekday. And awesome. Subscribe Manage Subscriptions Follow Us instagram instagram twitter twitter. The beautiful Stanley Hotel in The grand, upscale hotel dates back to and may possibly be best known today for its inspirational role in the Stephen King's novel, "The Shining.