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When asked whether the two are friends, Duncan said: "We share a fondness. Corona, 53, said he is reformed and claimed to feel remorse for those he hurt. He even wrote a letter to the model in San Diego he shot.

In part, he said: "I can never find the words to apologize for my act. Nor, can I ever expect any emotion other than hate from you. But, I truly am sorry. I've wanted so many times to write this letter and leave it pinned to my hanging body. My only wish is to do all that I can so that no one else has to suffer the same atrocities which you and your family have endured. It still bothers me. Corona also wrote a book titled "Confessions of a Cartel Hitman" and lives in a secret location though he declines witness protection.

He worries about his family, not himself. After the ABC News interview, Corona got caught violating his probation for failing a drug test for cocaine and methamphetamine. Corona today did not dispute the probation violation and told ABC News that the judge was fair.


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Now I'm living the normal life and trying my hardest to make amends. All rights reserved. AP Photo. Penguin Random House. Former drug-cartel hit man reflects on the killing 'monster' he once was. Explosion at shopping center leaves 21 injured: 'Looks like an apocalypse'. Remains of slain college student recovered.

Alleged drunk driver hits, kills 6-year-old twin girls: Police. Man charged in largest seizure of illegal reptiles in state history. Unidentified human bones left at snack stand. Man, woman found dead in Delaware River have been identified. House freshmen balance national crises, issues back home. Trump administration weighing path forward on citizenship question: Court filing. Kamala Harris' campaign 2nd quarter fundraising falls short of rivals. However that happens is wonderful. We fought really hard to get the film shown in theaters in Mexico at the same time it was released in the States.

Soon after that, the film was heavily pirated. Every bodega in Mexico had a bootleg copy of Cartel Land that was playing on the screen inside the bodega. In an ironic twist, the cartels are the ones that control the black market DVD market. So, the cartels were profiting from a movie about themselves. Sundance has been absolutely amazing to me as a filmmaker and an artist, starting with Documentary Film Fund grants for my previous film Escape Fire [co-directed by Susan Froemke], which premiered at the Festival.

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For Cartel Land , participating in a producer lab and the Catalyst Forum gave me a huge boost of confidence that we were on an interesting path. With Catalyst [which brings together creative investors with Sundance-supported filmmakers], it helped us finish the film. And of course, the Festival was phenomenal for the film.

Cartel Land is currently streaming on Netflix and is available through a number of other digital platforms. Click here to learn more. Peter Kurie Monday, February 22nd, How did you get started making documentaries? Exercising a settlement procedure does not deprive the undertaking of the option of lodging an appeal against the OCCP's decision with the CCCP; however, lodging such an appeal results in the loss of the fine reduction.

So far no settlement procedure has been applied. OCCP officials are authorised to carry out an unannounced inspection and, subject to a decision obtained from the CCCP, a search dawn raid for the purpose of finding evidence of antitrust infringements. The CCCP may also issue a non-appealable decision allowing a search of private premises and means of transport by the police if there are justified grounds to suspect that relevant evidence is kept there. When discussing the scope of officials' powers, the CCCP has indicated that it is unlawful to inspect electronic evidence during a dawn raid outside a company's premises and without the presence of a company representative.

The CCCP concluded, however, that the OCCP's officials are allowed to copy only those documents that fall within the subject of the investigation, and the selection of evidence may only be conducted in the premises of the controlled company in the presence of its representative. The above-mentioned ruling introduces an important protection for controlled undertakings. In addition, managers who obstruct the initiation of a search or the conducting of an inspection or a search may be fined up to 50 times the average monthly remuneration in Poland currently up to approximately , zlotys.

The Supreme Court stated that to assess whether there had been an absence of cooperation with the OCCP, it is irrelevant whether a given file was permanently deleted or only moved to a different location. The Supreme Court clarified that absence of cooperation with the OCCP occurs when employees of dawn-raided undertakings do not assist the OCCP in the dawn raid within the scope of the obligations imposed by the ACCP and that they do not cooperate in fulfilling the objective of a given dawn raid.

The case was sent back by the Supreme Court to the CCCP, which, in its judgment of June , confirmed the infringement by the company and upheld the imposed fine in the full amount, concluding that the company's behaviour was intentional and the lack of cooperation was blatant. In and , the OCCP issued two controversial decisions imposing abnormally high fines on two leading Polish mobile telephony operators, PTC currently T-Mobile 15 and Polkomtel, 16 for obstructing a search. The fines amounted to However, as a result of appeals by the two operators, the fines were subsequently reduced by the CCCP to 1.

The threat of potentially significant fines implies the necessity for undertakings to develop internal guidelines that should encompass measures aimed at reducing the risk of being found to have obstructed a search, and ensuring the protection of the undertakings' interests during a dawn raid. In particular, these should cover the following:.

It is advisable that, during the investigation, an undertaking's employees and in-house counsel should be supported by external competition lawyers.

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Given that the priority of leniency applications is to decide on immunity or the level of fine reduction, a decision in this respect should be taken as early as possible. The aim of the Act is to facilitate the recovery of loss incurred as the result of collusion, abuse of a dominant position or other competition law infringements.

The Act is applicable to all damaging actions for breach of competition law regardless of whether they affect trade between Member States i. Following the Act, it shall be presumed that the infringer is at fault. This provision is seen as the main improvement for harmed entities seeking compensation because the burden of proof has been shifted onto the alleged infringer. The Act introduced a rebuttable presumption of the passing on of an overcharge to an indirect purchaser. Therefore, the purchase of products or services covered by a breach of competition law is presumed to entail the overcharge of a direct purchaser.

The Act provides a limitation of joint and several liability of infringers being small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the provisions of the Act and contrary to general tort law principles, it is presumed that the competition law infringement causes harm. The scope of this presumption is wider than in the Damages Directive as it applies not only to infringements caused by cartels but to every infringement of competition law, including prohibited vertical agreements and abuse of a dominant position.

However, the alleged presumption may be rebutted by the infringer if he or she provides evidence that the violation did not result in any damage.

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The Act indicates a limitation period for antitrust damages claims. Under its provisions, the claim has to be pursued within five years of the day the infringement came to an end. It is an extension of the normal three-year limitation period for bringing an action for damages stemming from the Polish Civil Code.

However, this limitation period shall be suspended if the OCCP initiates explanatory or antimonopoly proceedings regarding an infringement of competition law constituting a basis for a compensation claim, or such infringement proceedings will be commenced by the European Commission. Cases concerning antitrust damages claims fall within the competence of regional i.

According to the provisions of the Act, statements and settlement proposals submitted during the course of the leniency procedure are exempt from disclosure if they concern horizontal restrictions. The Act introduces a new institution, namely a request for disclosure of evidence. This tool gives the claimant a chance to request that the CCCP, upon some former commitments, orders the defendant or a third party to disclose any relevant evidence they possess.


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The provisions of the Act apply fully only to competition law infringements that took place after 27 June , that is after the Act entered into force. Therefore, the effects of the new regulation cannot be evaluated until a future date. There was a further development of Polish competition law during in the form of the bill enhancing information sharing between the OCCP and other public authorities in Poland, which is currently being debated. Moreover, the OCCP has continued to implement the pilot programme for whistle-blowers. With regard to significant decisions by the OCCP, two worth noting in particular were issued in December They concerned price-fixing and information exchange, and customer allocation.

It is the first fine imposed by the OCCP for horizontal price-fixing since and the third highest fine imposed by the OCCP for restrictive practices. The decision is under appeal before the CCCP.

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The practice concerned issuing ISO certificates for management systems and was based on the recommendation system between both undertakings that effectively resulted in excessive prices for customers. Within this mechanism, the undertakings also allocated customers between each other. The OCCP had announced that it would be adopting a tougher stance on resale price maintenance agreements and will increase the level of enforcement, which has proved to be true. For instance, the OCCP announced in October that it is verifying the cooperation mechanism between Brother, the Japanese manufacturer of printers, and its distributors in Poland.

The OCCP is expected to publish guidelines on vertical restraints; however, there is no indication as to when. The OCCP has remained active in the field of enforcement of bid rigging.

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In the fifth and most seminal recent case concerning a tender for software provision, the OCCP did not impose a fine. The OCCP considered that the undertakings participating in the public procurement procedure exchanged commercially sensitive information concerning the process. In the OCCP's view, this behaviour constituted a concerted practice that was a restriction by object.

However, the OCCP did not impose fines owing to the novelty of the issue in case law and jurisprudence. Regarding case law, there is one judgment of the Polish Supreme Court and five judgments of the Appellate Court that are worth commenting on. The latter Court took the view that the agreement concerning the level of the interchange fee allegedly made by the payment schemes and Polish banks was not 'by object'.

Thus, the Appellate Court must have reviewed the economic context and actual effects of the alleged agreement on the market, in particular by considering the counter-factual scenario. The Appellate Court must consider in its review what benefits the merchants, as the consumers, could have obtained by a flat level of the interchange fee. There have also been three notable judicial developments in the sphere of procedural rights of undertakings. First, in October , the Polish Supreme Court indicated in its judgment concerning the OCCP's decision on interchange fees that the OCCP should change its practice on restricting access to evidence contained in a case file for parties to antimonopoly proceedings on the basis that these constitute business secrets.

The Polish Supreme Court found that the OCCP is using this right too often, effectively restricting undertakings' right of defence and right to be heard. This is because they cannot review the full OCCP case file and comment on it while the OCCP may still rely on the pieces of evidence made confidential to the undertaking. The issue of restricting access to files on the basis of business secrets has also been considered by the Appellate Court, which considered that the resolution concerning the treatment of data provided to the OCCP during proceedings being a business secret and restricting access to them to other parties to the proceedings is subject to a two-tier review by the Polish courts — by the CCCP in the first instance, which judgment is further subject to appeal reviewed by the Appellate Court.

In January , the Appellate Court clarified that, in its decisions, an undertaking's right of defence requires the OCCP to identify all parties to the agreement restricting competition as opposed to referring to them as a general group without further clarification, such as, for instance, distributors. A lack of proper identification violates the right of defence of the other parties to the agreement, considering that such an undertaking is not able to comment on the charges brought by the OCCP.

It also monitors the market surveillance system, the aim of which is to ensure that only safe products, which meet the essential requirements set forth in Polish regulations implementing the New Approach Directives, are available on the market. The OCCP is also responsible for managing the fuel quality monitoring and scrutinising system. C, of 27 April The ruling was quashed by the Appellate Court, which returned the case to the Court for reassessment in the ruling of the Appellate Court of 20 October , No.

The Banking Regulation Review.