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Taylor, where the war in Afghanistan and Iraq is analyzed. As an example, one FCM quoted from Rod Taber [15] describes 11 factors of the American cocaine market and the relations between these factors. Taber et al. While applications in social sciences [13] [14] [15] [17] introduced FCMs to the public, they are used in a much wider range of applications, which all have to deal with creating and using models [18] of uncertainty and complex processes and systems. FCMappers is an international online community for the analysis and the visualization of fuzzy cognitive maps.

The output is saved as Pajek file and can be visualized within third party software like Pajek, Visone, etc. They also offer to adapt the software to specific research needs. Additional FCM software tools, such as Mental Modeler, [38] [39] have recently been developed as a decision-support tool for use in social science research, collaborative decision-making, and natural resource planning. Fuzzy cognitive maps have been further extended to bipolar fuzzy cognitive maps based on bipolar fuzzy sets [40] and bipolar cognitive mapping. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts , without removing the technical details. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies. Retrieved Applied Soft Computing. Knowledge-Based Systems.

Fuzzy cognitive map

International Journal of Approximate Reasoning. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. FUZZ ' International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. International Journal of Intelligent Systems. Stylios, Voula C. Georgopoulos, Peter P.


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This paper has five sections. First section gives information about development of fuzzy cognitive maps and Neutrosophic cognitive maps.

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In section three, we give the description of the problem; final section gives the conclusion based on our study. Environments that are healthy, safe, protective and gender-sensitive, and provide adequate resources and facilities; c. Processes through which trained teachers use childcentered teaching approaches in well-managed classrooms and schools and skillful assessment to facilitate learning and reduce disparities.

Outcomes that encompass knowledge, skills and attitudes, and are linked to national goals for education and positive participation in society This definition allows for an understanding of education as a complex system embedded in a political, cultural and economic context. IN , L.

Fuzzy Cognitive Maps: Advances in Theory, Methodologies, Tools and Applications - PDF Free Download

Zadeh has introduced a mathematical model called Fuzzy cognitive Maps. After a decade in the year , Political scientist R. Then B. Kosko [1], [2], [3], enhanced the power of cognitive maps considering fuzzy vales for the concepts of the cognitive map and fuzzy degrees of interrelationships between concepts. FCMs can successfully represent knowledge and human experience, introduced concepts to represent the essential elements and the cause and effect relationships among the convenient simple and powerful tool, Which is used in numerous fields such as social economical and medical etc.

It has also become very essential that the notation of Neutrosophic logic plays a vital role in several of the real world problems like law, medicine, industry, finance, IT, stocks and share etc. Here we defining about education. Fuzzy Cognitive Maps FCMs are more applicable when the data in the first place is an unsupervised one. The FCMs work on the opinion of experts. FCMs model the world as a collection of classes and causal relations between classes.

It represents causal relationship between concepts. Quality education includes: a. Learners who are healthy, well-nourished and ready to participate and learn, and supported in learning by their families and communities;. The directed edge from C i to Cj denotes the causality of Ci on Cj called connections. N E is called the neutrosophic adjacency matrix of the NCM.

This is done by multiplying A1 by the matrix N E. We update the resulting concept; the concept C1 is included in the updated vector by making the first coordinate as 1 in the resulting vector. This procedure is repeated till we get a limit cycle or a fixed point. A is called the instantaneous state neutrosophic vector and it denotes the on-off-indeterminate state position of the node at an instant. Let be the edges of the NCM.

Then the edges form a directed cycle. An NCM is said to be cyclic if it possesses a directed cyclic. An NCM is said to be acyclic if it does not possess any directed cycle. What does quality mean in the context of education? Many definition of quality in education exist, testifying to the complexity and multifaceted nature of the concept.

The terms efficiency, effectiveness, equity and quality have often been used synonymously. The objective of the study is to assess the quality in primary education. The following concepts are taken as the main nodes of our problem. B1 — Good health and nutrition. B2—Early childhood psychological development experiences. B3 — Regular attendance for learning.

B4 — Family support for learning.

The Cognitive Map