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The Playbook is a book authored by Barney Stinson that contains a collection of scams Barney uses for picking up women. The Playbook was first seen in the episode The Playbook but then it disappears for a while and all we hear about it through plays Barney talks about. The next time we see The Playbook is season 8 episode 10 The Over-Correction where Robin breaks into Barney's apartment to reveal to Patrice Barney's girlfriend at the time what a player he once was and whilst doing so Robin gets herself, Ted and Lily trapped in Barney's apartment. Whilst trapped in Barney's apartment they witness Barney burns The Playbook as the group watch Barney's life's work gone just like that.

She arrives at the roof to find that Barney and Patrice aren't there, all that is there is a page of The Playbook left on the floor. Picking it up Robin reads about Barney's long and complex plan to get her to marry him. In season 9 episode 17 Sunrise we witness the return of The Playbook near to the end of the episode after Barney has trained two young men to the point of "Legend-Wait-For-It-Dary" he hands them a stack of napkins containing the pages of The Playbook passing on his knowledge to the next generation.

The published version contains many more plays beyond those given in the episode.

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The book is divided into five groups of plays for: The beginner, the amateur, chicks, the weekend warrior, and the advanced. It also includes troubleshooting and FAQ, an assessment to determine what group of the above the reader falls into, introduction and how to information and a history of the playbook. The published version was announced in Barney's Blog in an entry entitled The Playbook!

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For the episode, see The Playbook. An actual published version of The Playbook is also available.

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Actual Published Version The episode version is a large, leather-bound book. The Cheap Trick page 86 : Barney claims that he is the bass player of a rock band with the ironic name of "Cheap Trick" a real-life band. The My Penis Grants Wishes page 31 : Dressed as a genie, Barney claims that his penis, like a magic lamp, grants wishes if one rubs it hard enough.

After this elastic phase, uplift proceeded by slow viscous flow at an exponentially decreasing rate. The total uplift from the end of deglaciation depends on the local ice load and could be several hundred metres near the centre of rebound. Recently, the term "post-glacial rebound" is gradually being replaced by the term "glacial isostatic adjustment". This is in recognition that the response of the Earth to glacial loading and unloading is not limited to the upward rebound movement, but also involves downward land movement, horizontal crustal motion, [3] [4] changes in global sea levels [5] and the Earth's gravity field, [6] induced earthquakes, [7] and changes in the Earth's rotation.

Unfortunately, that term gives the wrong impression that isostatic equilibrium is somehow reached, so by appending "adjustment" at the end, the motion of restoration is emphasized. Post-glacial rebound produces measurable effects on vertical crustal motion, global sea levels, horizontal crustal motion, gravity field, Earth's rotation, crustal stress, and earthquakes. Studies of glacial rebound give us information about the flow law of mantle rocks, which is important to the study of mantle convection, plate tectonics and the thermal evolution of the Earth. It also gives insight into past ice sheet history, which is important to glaciology , paleoclimate , and changes in global sea level.

Understanding postglacial rebound is also important to our ability to monitor recent global change. Erratic boulders , U-shaped valleys , drumlins , eskers , kettle lakes , bedrock striations are among the common signatures of the Ice Age. In addition, post-glacial rebound has caused numerous significant changes to coastlines and landscapes over the last several thousand years, and the effects continue to be significant.

Marine seashells found in Lake Ontario sediments imply a similar event in prehistoric times. The rising land has caused the Iron Age settlement area to recede from the Baltic Sea , making the present day villages on the west coast set back unexpectedly far from the shore. These effects are quite dramatic at the village of Alby , for example, where the Iron Age inhabitants were known to subsist on substantial coastal fishing.


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As a result of post-glacial rebound, the Gulf of Bothnia is predicted to eventually close up at Kvarken in more than 2, years. In several other Nordic ports, like Tornio and Pori formerly at Ulvila , the harbour has had to be relocated several times. Place names in the coastal regions also illustrate the rising land: there are inland places named 'island', 'skerry', 'rock', 'point' and 'sound'.

Compare [1] and [2]. This will eventually lead to an increased risk of floods in southern England and south-western Ireland. Since the glacial isostatic adjustment process causes the land to move relative to the sea, ancient shorelines are found to lie above present day sea level in areas that were once glaciated. On the other hand, places in the peripheral bulge area which was uplifted during glaciation now begins to subside.


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Therefore, ancient beaches are found below present day sea level in the bulge area. The "relative sea level data", which consists of height and age measurements of the ancient beaches around the world, tells us that glacial isostatic adjustment proceeded at a higher rate near the end of deglaciation than today. In the near field outside the former ice margin, the land sinks relative to the sea. This is the case along the east coast of the United States, where ancient beaches are found submerged below present day sea level and Florida is expected to be submerged in the future.

To form the ice sheets of the last Ice Age, water from the oceans evaporated, condensed as snow and was deposited as ice in high latitudes. Thus global sea level fell during glaciation. The ice sheets at the last glacial maximum were so massive that global sea level fell by about metres. Thus continental shelves were exposed and many islands became connected with the continents through dry land. A sub-continent also existed between Siberia and Alaska that allowed the migration of people and animals during the last glacial maximum.

The fall in sea level also affects the circulation of ocean currents and thus has important impact on climate during the glacial maximum. During deglaciation, the melted ice water returns to the oceans, thus sea level in the ocean increases again. However, geological records of sea level changes show that the redistribution of the melted ice water is not the same everywhere in the oceans. In other words, depending upon the location, the rise in sea level at a certain site may be more than that at another site. This is due to the gravitational attraction between the mass of the melted water and the other masses, such as remaining ice sheets, glaciers, water masses and mantle rocks [5] and the changes in centrifugal potential due to Earth's variable rotation.

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Accompanying vertical motion is the horizontal motion of the crust. The situation in North America is less certain; this is due to the sparse distribution of GPS stations in northern Canada, which is rather inaccessible. Vertical motion of a crustal block means that this block is not in isostatic equilibrium. However, it is in the process of reaching this equilibrioum.

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The combination of horizontal and vertical motion changes the tilt of the surface. That is, locations farther north rise faster, an effect that becomes apparent in lakes. The bottoms of the lakes gradually tilt away from the direction of the former ice maximum, such that lake shores on the side of the maximum typically north recede and the opposite southern shores sink. Tilting of land will also affect the flow of water in lakes and rivers in the future, and thus important for water resource management planning.

In Sweden Lake Sommen 's outlet in the northwest has a rebound of is 2. This means the lake is being slowly tilted and the southeastern shores drowned. Ice, water and mantle rocks have mass , and as they move around, they exert a gravitational pull on other masses towards them. Today, more than years after the last deglaciation terminated, the flow of mantle material back to the glaciated area causes the overall shape of the Earth to become less oblate. This change in the topography of Earth's surface affects the long-wavelength components of the gravity field. The changing gravity field can be detected by repeated land measurements with absolute gravimeters and recently by the GRACE satellite mission.

The vertical datum is a theoretical reference surface for altitude measurement and plays vital roles in many human activities, including land surveying and construction of buildings and bridges. Since postglacial rebound continuously deforms the crustal surface and the gravitational field, the vertical datum needs to be redefined repeatedly through time. According to the theory of plate tectonics , plate-plate interaction results in earthquakes near plate boundaries. However, large earthquakes are found in intraplate environment like eastern Canada up to M7 and northern Europe up to M5 which are far away from present-day plate boundaries.

An important intraplate earthquake was the magnitude 8 New Madrid earthquake that occurred in mid-continental US in the year Glacial loads provided more than 30 MPa of vertical stress in northern Canada and more than 20 MPa in northern Europe during glacial maximum. This vertical stress is supported by the mantle and the flexure of the lithosphere.

Since the mantle and the lithosphere continuously respond to the changing ice and water loads, the state of stress at any location continuously changes in time.

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The changes in the orientation of the state of stress is recorded in the postglacial faults in southeastern Canada. This shows that the stress due to postglacial rebound had played an important role at deglacial time, but has gradually relaxed so that tectonic stress has become more dominant today. According to the Mohr—Coulomb theory of rock failure, large glacial loads generally suppress earthquakes, but rapid deglaciation promotes earthquakes.

Thus, both postglacial rebound and past tectonics play important roles in today's intraplate earthquakes in eastern Canada and southeast US. Generally postglacial rebound stress could have triggered the intraplate earthquakes in eastern Canada and may have played some role in triggering earthquakes in the eastern US including the New Madrid earthquakes of Increasing pressure due to the weight of the ice during glaciation may have suppressed melt generation and volcanic activities below Iceland and Greenland.

On the other hand, decreasing pressure due to deglaciation can increase the melt production and volcanic activities by times. Recent global warming has caused mountain glaciers and the ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica to melt and global sea level to rise. Recent rise in sea levels has been monitored by tide gauges and satellite altimetry e.

As well as the addition of melted ice water from glaciers and ice sheets, recent sea level changes are affected by the thermal expansion of sea water due to global warming [25] , sea level change due to deglaciation of the last glacial maximum postglacial sea level change , deformation of the land and ocean floor and other factors. Thus, to understand global warming from sea level change, one must be able to separate all these factors, especially postglacial rebound, since it is one of the leading factors.

Mass changes of ice sheets can be monitored by measuring changes in the ice surface height, the deformation of the ground below and the changes in the gravity field over the ice sheet. Thus understanding glacial isostatic adjustment is important in monitoring recent global warming. One of the possible impacts of global warming-triggered rebound may be more volcanic activity in previously ice-capped areas such as Iceland and Greenland.


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The speed and amount of postglacial rebound is determined by two factors: the viscosity or rheology i. The viscosity of the mantle is important in understanding mantle convection , plate tectonics , dynamical processes in Earth, the thermal state and thermal evolution of Earth. However viscosity is difficult to observe because creep experiments of mantle rocks take thousands of years to observe and the ambient temperature and pressure conditions are not easy to attain for a long enough time. Thus, the observations of postglacial rebound provide a natural experiment to measure mantle rheology.

Modelling of glacial isostatic adjustment addresses the question of how viscosity changes in the radial [5] [28] [29] and lateral directions [30] and whether the flow law is linear, nonlinear, [31] or composite rheology. Ice thickness histories are useful in the study of paleoclimatology , glaciology and paleo-oceanography. Ice thickness histories are traditionally deduced from the three types of information: First, the sea level data at stable sites far away from the centers of deglaciation give an estimate of how much water entered the oceans or equivalently how much ice was locked up at glacial maximum.

Secondly, the location and dates of terminal moraines tell us the areal extent and retreat of past ice sheets. Physics of glaciers gives us the theoretical profile of ice sheets at equilibrium, it also says that the thickness and horizontal extent of equilibrium ice sheets are closely related to the basal condition of the ice sheets. Thus the volume of ice locked up is proportional to their instantaneous area.