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To ensure we stay out of Iran today, we need a restraint-based. Fortunately, there is fertile ground for this conversation. The painful lessons of the Iraq War hang over the U. Furthermore, evidence indicates that this powerful Iraq syndrome has constrained the use of military force like its Vietnam predecessor.

Pundits and space for more creative, far less instance, proposals from hawks members of Congress from costly policy options.

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Otherwise, in his administration for mili- both parties need to tap into the United States appears headed tary strikes against both Syria the trauma narrative of Iraq. The same approach can be restraint, ultimately steering cataclysmic than the last. Obviously, the easiest way to combat this attitude is to accept any invitations from friends. As Fast Company writes, most. Cool fantasy, self. Real life is rarely -- if ever -- that pictureperfect. So if you want to be more productive.

Try them out and see if they work for you. We recommend downloading Headspace. It gives you 10 free guided meditation sessions, and if you end up getting hooked, you can sign up for a monthly subscription. But actually making time for morning freewriting a reality can be a challenge. By downloading a writing prompts app, of course. Prompts and Writing Challenge are both great options. It allows you to add deadlines and labels to each list item, then automatically sorts your whole to-do list by what you have to accomplish. That can help you keep you on top of what you need to accomplish on a given day, and prevents you from getting sidetracked by down-the-road projects.

One super easy way to do this -- especially when you have a remote team -- is by using an app called Jell. This way, you can quickly get on the same page with your team, and then move on to the most important work of your day. I even set Feedly as my homepage so I have to check it out. That is, after all, the best time of day to have them. Yep -- a tool can help you with that too. For many people, that tends to happen in the afternoon. So the afternoon is a great time for brainstorming, collaboration, and breaking through cognitive barriers.

If you and your team are feeling particularly creative one afternoon, a great tool to consider using is Stormboard.

Then, you can prioritize the best ideas to be put into action at a later date. Unstuck can help. More on that next. Daily Water is a handy app that reminds you to take a break, stand up, and rehydrate. The trouble is, those reading breaks can sometimes get unruly. To feel in-the-know about the day without breaking your productivity streak, try catching up via your favorite news summary app. Night 12 7 Minute Workout Price: Free on iPhone, Android Everyone has their favorite time of day to work out, but science says that your lung function peaks around 5 p.

So if you want to squeeze in a quick workout sometime in your day, right before dinner might be the trick. You can pick from its programs, or design one of your own -- and all can be done in less than 30 minutes. Reading on the computer. Watching slides on the pro-. Scanning news on your phone. So when you leave work, you should strengthen one of your other senses, such as your listening comprehension.

If you want to strengthen your listening skills, try playing a few podcast episodes on your phone during your commute home. If you have an iPhone, you have a Podcasts app already built-in. Otherwise, you can access them through Stitcher. Both allow you to not only capture written recaps of your day, but also add photos to your entries. Plus, they both have built-in prompts -- so even on the most hectic of days, you can distill some insights for your future self.

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You take a moment to celebrate Sleep Genius might be the cure. The app has built-in relaxation techniques and gentle alarms to wake you up at a natural moment in your sleep cycle, helping make sure you feel rested come morning. Share with us in the comments. It is customers who are driving the disruption. Major auto companies like GM and Ford are a good example: they have spent billions to buy and then build. If the disruption threat is coming from a startup, then the incumbent often tries to acquire it — if the valuation is low enough.

They can also try to compete with the startup on price, as a means to block their advance. In most cases I have seen, neither of these responses worked as intended. For an example of the acqui-. In response, then CEO Marissa Mayer went on a shopping spree to acquire technologies and startups in an attempt to regain the crown.

In all, Yahoo only fully integrated two of these companies: Tumblr and BrightRoll. Department of Transportation as set forth in 49 C. Part 26, as amended, the Regional Transportation District RTD in Denver, Colorado, hereby notifies the public that it is recommending the following Disadvantaged Business Enterprise DBE goal which represents the percentage of work to be accomplished by DBE prime contractors, subcontractors, consultants, vendors and material suppliers for professional services, construction and procurement contracts on federal-aid transit projects and grants during the Federal Fiscal Years of , beginning October 1, and ending September 30, The DBE Goal Methodology and all information pertaining to this goal and a description of how it was selected is available for inspection from a.

Mountain Time at the Regional Transportation District Executive Offices located at Blake Street, Denver, Colorado for 30 calendar days following the publication of this notice. Written comments of this goal will be accepted for 45 calendar days from the date of publication of this notice. Appropriate provisions will be considered when RTD is notified at least 15 days prior to the date the written comments are due.

Astra Health Care, Inc. Verizon is now. What these companies seem to have missed is that the most common and pervasive pattern of disruption is driven by customers. They are the ones behind the decisions to adopt or reject new technologies or new products. My analysis has grown from visiting or talking to executives of established companies and then having similar conversations with their challengers.

In my book, Unlocking the Customer Value Chain, I talk about the incumbent-disruptor pairs in the list below. Based on the interviews and analyses of these industries I uncovered a common underlying pattern of customerdriven digital disruption. Disruptive startups enter markets not by stealing customers from incumbents, but by stealing a select few customer activities. Birchbox stole sampling of beauty products from Sephora. After all, it is they who choose whether to adopt or acquire your new products or not.

One of the clearest ways to couple is to launch new products or services that are immediately adjacent to i. Airbnb is an example. Such rapid growth was quite unique for such a large and established digital company. So how did Alibaba do it? Founded as an online business-tobusiness marketplace, in the company moved into consumerto-consumer ecommerce and in built both Aliwangwang, a text message service, and Alipay, an online payments service.

In , it launched TMall, a business-to-consumer online retailer, followed in by Alibaba Cloud Computing, a cloud storage company. Other new business launches proceeded in turn: a search engine company named eTao , a start-up called Aliyin that created mobile operating systems , and. In , Alibaba took a majority stake in smartphone maker Meizu. Note how many of these companies operated in non-adjacent industries. The synergies between retailing, cloud computing, payments, and electronics manufacturing are not immediately clear. After that, most consumers opened browsers and pointed at websites, accessing their communication services, email, social networks, chat apps, and so on.

From there, consumers arrived at the most appropriate ecommerce sites.

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In China, business customers went to Alibaba, while consumers went to Taobao to shop for products from other consumers or to Tmall to shop products from retailers. To obtain more product information or to negotiate prices.

Consumers then had to pay for their purchase and wait for a logistics operator to deliver it. Analyzing this CVC, we spot a clear pattern. It then moved outwards to capture other customer activities. Instead of using the traditional industry adjacencies approach payment, mobile phones, and logistics are not adjacent industries , the company opted to move into adjacent CVC activities.

Its real win lay in achieving customerside synergies. That, in turn, convinced its customers to couple. This exercise is simple, but essential. I ask them to list up to four activities they want the company. Then, they list the required skills and their available skills. So, borrow it from others via partnerships or buy it through acquisitions or recruitment?

What they cannot do is disregard the need to bridge those skills gap. And here is the catch: the new products that are launched do not need to be better than those of the established companies to be successful. As long as new products have synergies for the customer, they will likely get adopted. Disruption is a customerdriven phenomenon. New technologies come and go. The ones that stick around are those the consumers choose to adopt. What they do have is an ability to build and deliver faster and more accurately exactly what customers want.

This is causing the change-of-hands of sizable amounts of market share is relatively short periods of time. That is the basis of modern disruption in a nutshell. Shunning the habit of our times to regard these as questions for evolutionary genetics, Lane insists that our fundamental biochemical mechanisms—particularly those through which living cells generate energy—may determine or limit these facts of life. Lane has been steadily constructing an alternative, complementary view of evolution to the one in which genes compete for reproductive success and survival. He has argued that some of the big shifts during evolutionary history, such as the appearance of complex cells called eukaryotes like our own and the emergence of multicellular life forms, are best understood by considering the energetic constraints.

Nautilus caught up with Lane in his laboratory in London and asked him about his ideas on aging, sex, and death. Sex evolved with complex cells. The complex, eukaryotic cells, which include us, plants, fungi, and so on—all have sex. And that in itself is quite remarkable. This is something that arose in evolution in this large group of complex cells. I take them away from surviving for longer, and so I shorten my.

What do you mean that sex is linked tightly to death? Cells that have become damaged kill themselves and remove themselves and are often replaced with pristine new cells from the stem-cell population. Sex is doing that at the level of individuals by recombining genes. For us, that particularly means men. Selection is very biased toward a relatively small proportion of men leaving far more children.

You mean that some males do well and some do poorly? What sex is doing at the level of selection is enabling the best genes to leave more copies of themselves. You trace energetic processes down to a part of the cell called the mitochondrion. Where did mitochondria come from? They were bacterium that got into another cell. And in the end the mitochondria became the power packs of our cells. So all the energy that we need to live is coming from the mitochondria. How does this relate to aging? If we are living our lives at a very fast rate, we tend to wear out sooner. Under good conditions, we focus most of our resources on sexual maturation.

But this goes beyond the animal kingdom. This genetic switch has been the focus of most work on aging over the last decade or so. Various genetic mutations can double or triple the lifespan of very simple organisms. Birds live far longer than they ought to if you extrapolate from their metabolic rate.

All the same, we have an extraordinary desire for extending our lifespan. What are the best strategies? Is that going to work for humans? There have been quite long-term studies, decades long, on rhesus monkeys, which give contradictory results.


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Some suggest it works quite well, extending lifespan by 30 or 40 percent. Others have suggested that allowing the control group to eat whatever they want, as much as they want, is actually quite destructive to good health, and so they live shorter lives than perhaps they should have. Besides, most humans would not wish to restrict their diet by 40 percent or so.

What, then, are the real possibilities for human longevity? There seem to be, in an evolutionary sense, almost no limits. And birds live far longer than they ought to if you extrapolate from their metabolic rate. A pigeon will live for about 30 years, even though, based on their high metabolic rate and body size, you would predict a lifespan of only three or four years. And part of having those really good mitochondria is that they leak very few free rad-.

That seems to be one of the reasons why pigeons live so long. We hear a lot about free radicals, particularly in relation to diet, and how we should take things with antioxidants to supposedly mop up free radicals and live longer. What do we really know about free radicals? A certain proportion of the oxygen we are breathing gets released as reactive free radicals that can damage DNA, mutate DNA, damage proteins, or damage membranes themselves.

The idea that we can prolong our lives or protect ourselves against agerelated diseases, which include cancer and dementias, by taking large antioxidant supplements, is not true either. There have been a lot of studies and large metaanalyses done. We now know that free radicals signal a stress state in the cell.

There are all kinds of subtle distinctions, but if something is going wrong, they are behaving like a smoke detector, or at least they are the smoke, and the cell is set up to detect the smoke and react accordingly. So very often more free radicals produces a stress response which is protective, which battens down those hatches and allows a cell to go on living for longer. If pigeons can live 10 times longer than their metabolic rate predicts, does that mean we could also do so? In our case, we are limited by our brains.

If we can replace everything—cells, tissues—as we live, then there would be presumably no limits to how long we could live. Mitochondria have been responsible for the evolution of all of this complexity. If we could regenerate neurons to replace damaged ones, do they come in a pristine state, ready to be imprinted with experience? Or are they conditioned by the neural pathways already present? And which parts of the brain are we talking about regenerating? Those associated with memory?

Cognitive processing? Cognitive processing seems inherently simpler to replace than memory; if synaptic connections store memory, how could a newly grown neuron reconstruct all those connections? There are other interesting problems with replacing neurons. You can take a skin cell, for example, and reprogram it to become a stem cell. Amazingly, that works quite well. If this new neuron can successfully establish the right connections, an important question is: What happens to its mitochondria? When you reprogram a skin cell, its mitochondria revert to look like those in stem cells—they become rounded and lose their electrical charge.

Does it retain the damage it incurred in its former life in skin cells, or is it somehow cleaned up? If it remains damaged, then this shiny new neuron might be a charade, which will pack up quickly like a cheap plastic replica. If we think about lifespan and look to reptiles, to tortoises, they live an awfully long time. At the other end of the spectrum, we see birds, which have a faster metabolic rate than we do. They have a higher body temperature, they consume more. Prentice Ave. Land Home Financial Services, Inc.

NMLS Where do we fall on that curve? We are somewhere in the middle. So this seems to mean—in my mind at least, this is not proved—selecting for high aerobic capacity seems to increase lifespan. This is one of the reasons why birds and bats have. Now, we live much longer than gorillas or chimpanzees. We seem to have been through a phase in early human evolution when we increased our aerobic capacity, our stamina.

But we certainly have a high stamina and capacity to keep on being active compared to other great apes. Do we know when that expansion of aerobic capacity happened in evolutionary terms? It seems to have been a relatively early increase. Can you tell us more about the early union of bacterium and a host cell? A lot of evidence points to the fact that the host cell was a simple bacterium-like cell called an archaeon. So we have two very simple cells involved, and one of them gets inside the other one. All of the traits of eukaryotic cells, which is our own type of complex cell, arose in the context of this interaction.

All of this complexity—sex and lifespan and aging—arose in that context. That means that mitochondria, which are often dismissed essentially as a power pack, have been responsible for the evolution of all of this complexity, and are still very much central to it all. Mitochondria are undersold as mere energy sources, then? Whether a cell is going to make a copy of itself, divide, or die, mitochondria are essential to all of that.

How might scientists, then, harness the manifold functions of mitochondria to expand human lifespan? Save to Library. Gavin Murphy continues his series of essays The Moonlight of Fantasy: The Russian Revolution Now , this time looking at how the Russian avant-garde in the Revolutionary period has been framed repeatedly as matter of contemporary Gavin Murphy continues his series of essays The Moonlight of Fantasy: The Russian Revolution Now , this time looking at how the Russian avant-garde in the Revolutionary period has been framed repeatedly as matter of contemporary relevance.

It focuses on tensions between competing critical visions, particularly those of Boris Groys and Susan Buck-Morss as they grapple over its legacy after the fall of communism and the collapse of a Cold War dynamic. What the age calls for is not as we are so often told more faith, or stronger leadership, or more scientific organization.

Rather it is the opposite-less Messianic ardour, more enlightened scepticism, more toleration of idiosyncrasies, more frequent ad hoc measures to achieve aims in a foreseeable future, more room for the attainment of their personal ends by individuals and by minorities whose tastes and beliefs find whether rightly or wrongly must not matter little response among the majority. The curator of the exhibition Andrei Erofeev and the director of the exhibition venue, the Andrei Sakharov Center in Moscow, Juri Samodurov were sued by different representatives of orthodox organizations and charged with incitement to religious and national hatred under Art.

In they were found guilty. Due to its resemblance to a play in the courtroom the trial of Erofeev and Samodurov is highly reminiscent of the Soviet show trials, which were consciously based on theatrical features such as a more or less set script.

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But in terms of the legal action against the organizers of the exhibition Forbidden Art , it was not only individuals who were charged for the purpose of identifying an inner enemy, as was the case in the Soviet show trials, but contemporary art as a whole. Der sowjetische Karikaturist Vjaceslav Sysoev wurde wegen der Herstellung und Verbreitung von Pornographie angeklagt.

Nach fast vier Jahren auf der Flucht wurde er zu Lagerhaft verurteilt. Sein Fall ist einer der wenigen bislang Nowa Kobieta. Book is focused on the phenomenon of Alexandra Kollontai — , an eminent Russian activist of socialist and feminist movements, the first female minister and ambassador. The structure of the book is problem-based. This solution definitely distinguishes the project from the existing biographies of Alexandra Kollontai. This structure of the biography can even be regarded as unique. The material was organized according to the structure: one chapter — one research problem.

In effect, I am able to prove, that Kollontai was an unusual person in her times. She rejected social norms both in her private and professional life. Her activity in politics and diplomacy broke the "glass ceiling" blocking women's access to high positions, but she also actively supported the totalitarian Communist regime founded by Lenin and Stalin. Her figure was prominent, but also ambiguous. The paper has two objectives. Firstly, it explores the preconditions, establishment and development of curatorial activities in Late-Soviet Moscow.

Through the discussion of selected exhibitions, it tracks the changes that happened in Through the discussion of selected exhibitions, it tracks the changes that happened in the relations between the state, the underground and its publics. It will focus on the period from and the infamous Bulldozer exhibition to and the last project of the first team of Regina Gallery. Secondly, it will address the current state of research into curatorial practice in Russia and consider the potential that curatorial approach can offer for re-examining Late-Soviet art.

The paper is focused on the development of exhibitions in Moscow in the first half of the s. Using a number of case studies it discusses the change in the functions which exhibitions exercised and the type of communication between the Using a number of case studies it discusses the change in the functions which exhibitions exercised and the type of communication between the artworks and the viewers which they established. The annotated Soviet posters, which are reproduced in this article, have been digitized and can be viewed online at the Duke Digital Repository.

DOI: In The Icon and the Square, Maria Taroutina examines how the traditional interests of institutions such as the crown, the church, and the Imperial Academy of Arts temporarily aligned with the radical, leftist, and revolutionary In The Icon and the Square, Maria Taroutina examines how the traditional interests of institutions such as the crown, the church, and the Imperial Academy of Arts temporarily aligned with the radical, leftist, and revolutionary avant-garde at the turn of the twentieth century through a shared interest in the Byzantine past, offering a counternarrative to prevailing notions of Russian modernism.

Focusing on the works of four different artists--Mikhail Vrubel, Vasily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, and Vladimir Tatlin--Taroutina shows how engagement with medieval pictorial traditions drove each artist to transform his own practice, pushing beyond the established boundaries of his respective artistic and intellectual milieu. She also contextualizes and complements her study of the work of these artists with an examination of the activities of a number of important cultural associations and institutions over the course of several decades.